Rabbi Eliezer Melamed (Hebrew: אליעזר מלמד, born 28 June 1961) is an Israeli rabbi and the Rosh yeshiva of Yeshivat Har Bracha, Rabbi of the community Har Bracha, author of book series Peninei Halachah.
Melamed's first name is the result of a dream Kook had on the occasion of his birth. Melamed attended classes given by Kook from age fifteen to twenty, and, like his father, considers Kook to be his most significant rabbi.
Melamed taught Talmud and halacha in the Kollel of Rabbi Deutsch in Mea Shearim for half a year. The Kollel was headed by Rabbi Yitzchak Ginsburg, and thus, Melamed merited learning as a chevruta with Rabbi Ginsburg and hearing many of his classes. Similarly, he taught Talmud, and particularly emuna (Jewish philosophy), in the Yeshiva of Bet El for approximately twenty years, and four years in the Yeshiva of Kedumim. Melamed edited a new edition of the book Shnei Luchot HaBrit (the Shelah),and the first two volumes of the new edition of Rabbi Tzadok HaKohen from Lublin's books. In addition He took part in the completion of the entire series.
In August 1988, Melamed was appointed to serve as the Rabbi of the community of the settlement Har Bracha.
In September 1992 Melamed established Yeshivat Har Bracha, which he leads to this day. In the Yeshiva, Melamed teaches a daily class in Halachah, gives classes in emunah, Jewish thought, and guidance in public and private matters.
Melamed is married to Inbal, daughter of the artist Tuvia Katz, and is father to thirteen children.
Peninei Halachah is a series of books on halakhic subjects, authored by Melamed, that cover a multitude of subjects that vary from the laws of shabbat, to the Jewish perspective on organ donations. In addition to clearly posing the practical law on the matter, these books discuss the spiritual foundations of the halakhot, and also reflect the various customs of different communities. Written in Hebrew, the book series has sold about 300,000 copies. So far thirteen books have been published in Hebrew, of which three have been translated into English and one into French. The books are rapidly gaining widespread popularity among the Religious Zionist community in Israel.
- The establishment of the youth organization Ariel and its first branch in Kiryat Moshe, Jerusalem.
- The establishment of the 'Rabbinical Council of Judea, Samaria and Gaza'. Melamed was the first secretary of the Council. He published 35 editions of the Council's newsletters, which dealt with the clarification of crucial and relevant issues, and the clarification of fundamental public and national issues.
- Melamed took part in the establishment of the radio station Arutz Sheva. His daily halacha broadcast gained high ratings, and taught Jewish law to thousands of households throughout Israel. These broadcasts served as the cornerstone for the first books in the series Peninei Halachah. Melamed also took part in the establishment of the newspaper Besheva. Since the beginning Melamed has served as the newspaper's spiritual authority, and he writes a weekly column, Revivim, which obtained wide exposure and impact. Currently, The articles have been compiled into three books.
Oppositions to IDF duties
In 2005, Melamed told his followers to deduct the days they spent in prison protesting disengagement from the days they serve on Israeli Defense Force (IDF) reserve duty, suggesting even that they might multiply the days in prison two or three-fold. In 2009, he expressed support for soldiers disobeying IDF orders if they came in conflict with the soldier's political or religious beliefs. This position gained some support from fellow rabbis. Melamed was threatened with consequences for his stance and eventually, he reversed himself, agreeing to sign a joint statement which forbade such political demonstrations within the IDF. In 2012, concerned that IDF members were being forced to listen to women singing (in conflict with a religious prohibition on doing so), he called for followers to delaying enlisting until that policy was changed.
- "הרב מלמד: יש לחצים על מי שעוסק בכתיבת הלכה - חינוך - חדשות - ערוץ 7". Inn.co.il. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "חדש: פניני הלכה "מועדים" - חינוך - חדשות - ערוץ 7". Inn.co.il. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- Yeshivat Har Bracha (2013-07-19). "Peninei Halachah". En.yhb.org.il. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "Book Review Roundup III". Torahmusings.com. 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- ""רביבים" - הטור הכי פופולארי - בארץ - חדשות - ערוץ 7". Inn.co.il. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "Hesder rabbi: 'Cut down on reserve duty' - Israel News, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- Pfeffer, Anshel (2009-12-21). "Melamed reverses stance on soldiers refusing to obey orders Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "Petition Supports Rabbi Melamed - Jewish World - News". Israel National News. 2009-12-17. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "Rabbi Eliezer Melamed Gets Ultimatum » Matzav.com - The Online Voice of Torah Jewry". Matzav.com. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- "Rabbi Melamed: Stop IDF draft - Israel Jewish Scene, Ynetnews". Ynetnews.com. Retrieved 2013-11-13.