His maternal grandfather was Eliezer ben Nathan (Ra'avan). Eliezer studied under his father Joel haLevi of Bonn, as well as under Judah HeHasid and Judah ben Kalonymus of Mainz. His brother died a martyr's death in 1216. Eliezer's mourning for him was so great that his vision was impaired and he was compelled to dictate his novellae to his students.
His major work, Sefer Avi HaEzri (My Father is my Help), which is more commonly known by its author's acronym as Sefer Ra'avyah, is a compendium of articles that he developed into a book. It contains halakhot and legal decisions.
Barzen, Rainer (2005). "Elieser Ben Joel HaLevi: Ein ‘Meister der Rechtsentscheide’ und ein ‘Mann der Tat’". In Irsigler, Franz; Minn, Gisela. Porträt einer europäischen Kernregion: Der Rhein-Mass-Raum in historischen Lebensbildern (in German). Trier: Kliomedia. pp. 70–79. ISBN3-89890-087-8.