Eligio Pichardo

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Eligio Pichardo
Born 1929
Salcedo, Hermanas Mirabal Province, Dominican Republic
Died 1984 (aged 54–55)
Education  • National School of Fine Arts
 • Instituto de Cultura Hispánica
Known for Painting
Movement Expressionism, Abstract Expressionism

Eligio Pichardo (1929–1984) was a painter from the Dominican Republic. He worked in Santo Domingo and New York City, producing Expressionist and Abstract Expressionist works.

Early life and education[edit]

Pichardo was born in Salcedo, Hermanas Mirabal Province, and raised in San Francisco de Macorís, Duarte Province.

He enrolled in the National School of Fine Arts in Santo Domingo in 1945, studying under José Vela Zanetti and alongside Clara Ledesma and Gilberto Hernández Ortega. His early work was greatly influenced by Dominican artists Vela Zanetti, Jaime Colson and Darío Suro.

Career[edit]

El Sacrificio del Chivo (Sacrifice of the Goat), oil on canvas, 1958 (Santo Domingo, Museo de Arte Moderno)

In the early 1950s, Pichardo painted hundreds of murals in schools throughout Santo Domingo. Themes included the history of the Dominican Republic and Don Quixote.

He participated in important biennial art exhibitions held throughout the world, including São Paulo, Madrid and Paris. In 1951, he won a prize at the Madrid Biennial. Three years later he received a scholarship from the Instituto de Cultura Hispánica to study in Madrid. During his time in Europe, he was influenced by the work of Pablo Picasso and Jean Dubuffet.

After returning to Santo Domingo, he became a professor at the National School of Fine Arts. He had several solo exhibitions and participated in biennial art shows. He won the Santo Domingo Biennial in 1958 with his painting El Sacrificio del Chivo (Sacrifice of the Goat).

In 1961, after signing with the "The Contemporaries" gallery in Manhattan, Pichardo moved to New York City. He had his first solo exhibition in the city in 1962. Later, his work was exhibited in the Sarduy Gallery.

The artist continued to live and work in New York City until 1978, when he returned to Santo Domingo.

Death[edit]

Pichardo died at age 54–55.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • De los Santos, Danilo, Memoria de la pintura dominicana, Volumen 3, Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2003.
  • De los Santos, Danilo, Memoria de la pintura dominicana, Volumen 4, Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2003.
  • Sullivan, Edward J., Arte latinoamericano del siglo XX, Editorial NEREA, 1996.