||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2011)|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 7th district
April 16, 1996
|Preceded by||Kweisi Mfume|
|Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
from the 39th district
January 12, 1983 – January 10, 1996
|Succeeded by||Sterling Page|
|Born||Elijah Eugene Cummings
January 18, 1951
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
|Alma mater||Howard University
University of Maryland, Baltimore
Elijah Eugene Cummings (born January 18, 1951) is the U.S. Representative for Maryland's 7th congressional district, serving since 1996. He is a member of the Democratic Party. The district includes just over half of Baltimore City, as well as most of Howard County. He previously served in the Maryland House of Delegates.
Early life, education and career
Cummings was born in Baltimore, the son of Ruth and Robert Cummings. He graduated with honors from Baltimore City College in 1969. He later attended Howard University in Washington, D.C., where he served in the student government as sophomore class president, student government treasurer and later student government president. He became a member of the Phi Beta Kappa Society and graduated in 1973 with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science.
Cummings attended law school at the University of Maryland School of Law, graduating in 1976 and entering the Maryland Bar in December 1976. He practiced law for 19 years before first being elected to the House in the 1996 elections.
For 13 years, Cummings served in the Maryland House of Delegates. In the Maryland General Assembly, he served as Chairman of the Legislative Black Caucus of Maryland and was the first African American in Maryland history to be named Speaker Pro Tempore, the second highest position in the House of Delegates.
U.S. House of Representatives
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- Committee on Oversight and Government Reform (Ranking Member)
- Joint Economic Committee
In December 2010 Edolphus Towns announced that he would not seek the position of Ranking Minority Member of the Oversight Committee in the next Congress, even though his seniority and service as Chair would typically result in him filling this post. Reportedly, Towns withdrew because of a lack of support from Nancy Pelosi who feared that he would not be a sufficiently aggressive leader of Democrats in an anticipated struggle with incoming committee chair Republican Darrell Issa. Reportedly, the White House also wanted Towns to be replaced. Cummings defeated Carolyn Maloney in a vote of the House Democratic Caucus.
- Task Force on Health Care Reform
- Co-founder and Chairman of the Congressional Caucus on Drug Policy
Cummings received praise and a boost in notoriety following the Congressional panel hearings on steroids in March 2005. While investigating the use of steroids in sports, the panel called numerous baseball players to testify, including former single season home run record holder Mark McGwire. After McGwire answered many questions in a vague fashion, Cummings demanded to know if he was "taking the Fifth", referring to the Fifth Amendment. McGwire responded by saying, "I am here to talk about the future, not about the past." The exchange came to epitomize the entire inquiry.
On March 18, 2013, Cummings introduced the Presidential and Federal Records Act Amendments of 2014 (H.R. 1233; 113th Congress), a bill that would amend federal law regarding the preservation, storage, and management of federal records. One provision would require that all government employees using personal email accounts to do business copy their emails to an official government record system to be recorded and archived. Cummings said "I applaud the Senate for passing this good government bill that will give the American people timely access to the records presidents create while they are in office."
Cummings supported the Smart Savings Act (H.R. 4193; 113th Congress), a bill that would make the default investment in the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) an age-appropriate target date asset allocation investment fund (L Fund) instead of the Government Securities Investment Fund (G Fund). Cummings called the bill a "commonsense change" and argued that the bill "will enable workers to take full advantage of a diversified fund designed to yield higher returns."
Cummings introduced the All Circuit Review Extension Act (H.R. 4197; 113th Congress), a bill that would extend for three years the authority for federal employees who appeal a judgment of the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB) to file their appeal at any federal court, instead of only the U.S. Court of Appeals. Cummings said that this program is important to extend because it "allows whistleblowers to file appeals where they live rather than being limited to the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals." He also said that the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals has "an abysmal track record in whistleblower cases."
||This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (December 2012)|
Five-term Congressman Kweisi Mfume resigned in February 1996 to take the presidency of the NAACP. Cummings won a crowded seven-way Democratic primary—the real contest in this heavily Democratic, black-majority district—with 37.5 percent of the vote. In the special election, he defeated Republican Kenneth Konder. He defeated Konder again in November to win the seat in his own right. Cummings has been reelected nine times since then with no substantive opposition, never dropping below 65 percent of the vote and even running unopposed in 2006. He won a tenth full term in 2014 with 69.9 percent of the vote.
|1996||Special||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||18,870||80.9%||Kenneth Kondner||Republican||4,449||19.1%|
|1996||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||115,764||83.5%||Kenneth Kondner||Republican||22,929||16.5%|
|1998||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||112,699||85.7%||Kenneth Kondner||Republican||18,742||14.3%|
|2000||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||134,066||87.0%||Kenneth Kondner||Republican||19,773||12.8%|
|2002||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||137,047||73.5%||Joseph E. Ward||Republican||49,172||26.4%|
|2004||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||179,189||73.4%||Tony Salazar||Republican||60,102||24.6%||Virginia Rodino||Green||4,727||1.9%|
|2006||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||158,830||98.1%||Write-in Candidates||3,147||1.9%|
|2008||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||227,379||79.5%||Michael Hargadon||Republican||53,147||18.6%||Ronald Owens-Bey||Libertarian||5,214||1.8%|
|2010||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||152,669||75.2%||Frank Mirabile||Republican||46,375||22.8%||Scott Spencer||Libertarian||3,814||1.9%|
|2012||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||247,770||76.5%||Frank Mirabile||Republican||67,405||20.8%||Ronald Owens-Bey||Libertarian||8,211||2.5%|
|2014||General||Elijah Cummings||Democratic||144,639||69.9%||Corrogan Vaughn||Republican||55,860||27.0%||Scott Soffen||Libertarian||6,103||3.0%|
Cummings serves on numerous Maryland boards and commissions including the Board of Visitors (BOV) to the United States Naval Academy and the Elijah Cummings Youth Program in Israel (ECYP). He is an honorary member of the Baltimore Zoo Board of Trustees.
In addition to his many speaking engagements, he writes a biweekly column for the Baltimore Afro-American newspaper. He currently lives in the Madison Park community in Baltimore, and is an active member of the New Psalmist Baptist Church.
- Gibbs Smith. Maryland Government. Suzanne Chapelle. p. 65.
- "Elijah Cummings ancestry". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- Brian Beutler December 16, 2010, 5:09 PM (2010-12-16). "Pelosi Power Play Doomed Towns On Oversight Committee | TPMDC". Tpmdc.talkingpointsmemo.com. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- "Ed Towns Steps Down; Sources Blame White House". Daily News.
- "CBO - H.R. 1233". Congressional Budget Office. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (14 January 2014). "House passes bills on IG audits, presidential records". The Hill. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- Gerstein, Josh (11 September 2014). "Senate passes W.H. records bill". Politico. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- "H.R. 4193 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "Oversight Committee Passes Bipartisan Bills to Improve Federal Worker Savings, Whistleblower Protections". House Committee on Oversight & Government Reform. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- "CBO - H.R. 4197". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- "Oversight Committee Passes Bipartisan Bills to Improve Federal Worker Savings, Whistleblower Protections". House Committee on Oversight & Government Reform. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- "Candidate Details". Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- "Elections By Year". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
- "Rep. Elijah E. Cummings (D-Md.)". Roll Call. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Sailor gunned down on sentry duty, Navy says". CNN. July 3, 2009.
- Elijah Cummings at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Congressional Quarterly Voting and Elections Collection.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Elijah Eugene Cummings
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elijah Cummings.|
- Congressman Elijah E. Cummings official U.S. House site
- Elijah Cummings for Congress
- Elijah Cummings at DMOZ
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Profile at SourceWatch
- Biography at Maryland Manual
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 7th congressional district
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Representatives by seniority
|Congressional delegations to the 105th–114th United States Congresses from Maryland (ordered by seniority)|
|105th||Senate: Sarbanes • Mikulski||House: Hoyer • Cardin • Morella • Gilchrest • Bartlett • Wynn • Ehrlich • Cummings|
|106th||Senate: Sarbanes • Mikulski||House: Hoyer • Cardin • Morella • Gilchrest • Bartlett • Wynn • Ehrlich • Cummings|
|107th||Senate: Sarbanes • Mikulski||House: Hoyer • Cardin • Morella • Gilchrest • Bartlett • Wynn • Ehrlich • Cummings|
|108th||Senate: Sarbanes • Mikulski||House: Hoyer • Cardin • Gilchrest • Bartlett • Wynn • Cummings • Ruppersberger • Van Hollen|
|109th||Senate: Sarbanes • Mikulski||House: Hoyer • Cardin • Gilchrest • Bartlett • Wynn • Cummings • Ruppersberger • Van Hollen|
|110th||Senate: Mikulski • Cardin||House: Hoyer • Gilchrest • Bartlett • Wynn • Cummings • Ruppersberger • Van Hollen • Sarbanes|
|111th||Senate: Mikulski • Cardin||House: Hoyer • Bartlett • Cummings • Ruppersberger • Van Hollen • Sarbanes • Edwards • Kratovil|
|112th||Senate: Mikulski • Cardin||House: Hoyer • Bartlett • Cummings • Ruppersberger • Van Hollen • Sarbanes • Edwards • Harris|
|113th||Senate: Mikulski • Cardin||House: Hoyer • Cummings • Ruppersberger • Van Hollen • Sarbanes • Edwards • Harris • Delaney|
|114th||Senate: Mikulski • Cardin||House: Hoyer • Cummings • Ruppersberger • Van Hollen • Sarbanes • Edwards • Harris • Delaney|