Elijah Wald

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Elijah Wald
Elijah Wald 05.jpg
Elijah Wald in 2012.
Background information
Born 1959 (age 54–55)
Cambridge, Massachusetts, US
Genres Blues, folk
Occupation(s) Musician, author
Instruments Guitar
Website elijahwald.com

Elijah Wald (born 1959) is an American folk blues guitarist and music historian. He is a 2002 Grammy Award winner for his liner notes to The Arhoolie Records 40th Anniversary Box: "The Journey of Chris Strachwitz".[1]

Life[edit]

Wald was born in 1959 in Cambridge, Massachusetts.[2] His parents were George Wald (co-recipient of the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine) and biologist Ruth Hubbard,[3] with whom Elijah co-authored Exploding the Gene Myth.[4]

At age 18, Wald departed for Europe to try to make a living as a folk-blues guitarist. For approximately the next 12 years, he traveled the world. He fronted a blues band in Seville, Spain, a swing trio in Antwerp, Belgium, and a rock band in Colombo, Sri Lanka, and studied with Congolese guitarist Jean-Bosco Mwenda. Returning to the United States, he played in "low dives and honky-tonks", and recorded two albums: the LP Songster, Fingerpicker, Shirtmaker[2] on his and Bill Morrissey's short-lived label Reckless Records[5] and the CD Street Corner Cowboys (Black Rose Records, 2000).[2] He also arranged and played guitar on one track of Dave Van Ronk's album of Bertolt Brecht songs, and performed as a sideman with Eric Von Schmidt and for several years with the legendary black string band leader Howard Armstrong.

For many years he wrote for the Boston Globe on "roots music" and "world music"; he also wrote on American and international music for various magazines.[2] In 2000, he was one of many freelancers who left the Globe in a dispute over reprint rights.[6]

By the time he and the Globe parted ways, he was already becoming an increasingly established writer. He had been a major collaborator in the Smithsonian Institution's multimedia River of Song project, a survey of contemporary music along the Mississippi River, and had just finished Josh White: Society Blues, a biography of the folk-blues singer Josh White.[2]

Since 2000, he has written numerous books; several of them had CDs as companion pieces. His subject matter has included Mexican corridos and narcocorridos, hitchhiking, the blues musician Robert Johnson and, in How the Beatles Destroyed Rock 'n' Roll, American popular music for roughly the first three-quarters of the 20th century. He co-authored Dave Van Ronk's posthumously published memoir, The Mayor of MacDougal Street (the main inspiration for the Coen Brothers movie Inside Llewyn Davis) wrote the Grammy-winning liner notes for The Arhoolie Records 40th Anniversary Box: "The Journey of Chris Strachwitz", did an instructional DVD for guitarists on the music of Joseph Spence (part of a series issued by Stefan Grossman), and has curated and/or written liner notes for numerous CD compilations and re-releases.

After teaching on and off in the musicology department of the University of California Los Angeles for several years, he currently resides in the Boston Area.

Confronting myths[edit]

A recurring theme in Wald's work is to identify and confront myths, especially but not exclusively those that have come to surround prominent figures in popular music.[7]

"Myths", Wald remarked in 2002, "are marvelous things, the keys to understanding a culture.

"For forty years, white folks have had this myth about Robert Johnson selling his soul to the Devil, and that says a great deal about white fantasies of blackness and its links to mysterious, sexy, forbidden powers.

"Back in 1936, black folks in the Delta had a different blues myth. It was that a guy who got good enough on guitar and learned how to play the latest hip sounds could get the hell out of the cotton fields and make enough money to move to Chicago, wear sharp new suits, and drive a Terraplane."[8]

Indeed, his first book was a collaboration with his biologist mother entitled Exploding the Gene Myth, in which they wrote that "The myth of the all-powerful gene is based on flawed science that discounts the environment in which we and our genes exist."[9] "There are no definitive histories," he would come to write in How the Beatles Destroyed Rock 'n' Roll (2009) "because the past keeps looking different as the present changes."[10]

Bibliography[edit]

Books[edit]

  • The Dozens: A History of Rap's Mama, Oxford University Press, 2012, ISBN 0-19-989540-6.
  • The Blues: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2010, ISBN 0-19-539893-9.
  • How the Beatles Destroyed Rock 'n' Roll: An Alternative History of American Popular Music, Oxford University Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-19-534154-6.
  • Global Minstrels: Voices of World Music, Routledge, 2006, ISBN 0-415-97929-3.
  • Riding With Strangers: A Hitchhiker's Journey, Chicago Review Press, 2006, ISBN 1-55652-605-9.
  • Dave Van Ronk: The Mayor of MacDougal Street (co-authored with Van Ronk), Da Capo, 2005, ISBN 0-306-81407-2.
  • Escaping the Delta: Robert Johnson and the Invention of the Blues, Amistad, 2005, ISBN 0-06-052423-5.
  • Narcocorrido: A Journey into the Music of Drugs, Guns and Guerrillas, HarperCollins, 2002, ISBN 0-06-050510-3, also published in Spanish as Narcocorrido: un viaje dentro de la música de drogas, armas, y guerrilleros, Rayo, 2001, ISBN 0-06-093795-9.
  • Josh White: Society Blues, University of Massachusetts Press, 2000, ISBN 1-55849-269-0.
  • River of Song: A Musical Journey Down the Mississippi (co-authored with John Junkerman), St. Martin's Press, 1998, ISBN 0-312-20059-5.
  • Exploding the Gene Myth: how genetic information is produced and manipulated by scientists, physicians, employers, insurance companies, educators, and law enforcers (with Ruth Hubbard), Beacon Press, 1993, 1997, 1999; 1999 edition ISBN 0-8070-0431-6.

Discography[edit]

  • Street Corner Cowboys (CD, Black Rose Records, 2000)
  • Dominic Kakolobango, African Acoustic (CD, Africassette, 2001); producer, acoustic guitar, liner notes
  • Elijah Wald: Songster, Fingerpicker, Shirtmaker (LP, Reckless)

Liner notes, curatorship, etc.[edit]

This is a very partial list.

  • Snooks Eaglin: New Orleans Street Singer (Smithsonian/Folkways; supervised 2005 reissue)
  • The Arhoolie Records 40th Anniversary Box: "The Journey of Chris Strachwitz" (Arhoolie, 2002; co-produced and wrote liner notes)
  • Dave Van Ronk: The Mayor of MacDougal Street (Rootstock, 2005; curated as a companion piece to the book of the same name)
  • Back to the Crossroads: The Roots of Robert Johnson (Yazoo Records, 2005; curated as a companion piece to Escaping the Delta)
  • Corridos y Narcocorridos (Fonovisa, 2002; curated as a companion piece to Wald's Narcocorridos book)
  • Josh White: Free and Equal Blues (Smithsonian/Folkways, 2000; curated as a companion piece to Josh White: Society Blues)
  • The Mississippi: River of Song (Smithsonian/Folkways, 1999, two-CD set curated as a companion piece to the four-part television series and book of the same name)

Videography[edit]

  • The Guitar Stylings of Joseph Spence (instructional DVD, Stefan Grossman's Guitar Workshop)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Judith McCulloh, Society for American Music 2004 Honorary Member Chris Strachwitz, Society for American Music, updated April 24, 2007. Accessed online 2009-10-01.
  2. ^ a b c d e Elijah Wald, P.O.V. Borders – Border Talk, PBS, 2002. Accessed online 2009-10-01.
  3. ^ John E. Dowling, "George Wald, 1906–1997: A Biographical Memoir" in Biographical Memoirs, Washington, D.C.: The National Academy Press (National Academy of Sciences), Volume 78, 298:317. p. 313. Accessed online 2009-10-01.
  4. ^ Kirkus Associates' 1993 review of Exploding the Gene Myth, quoted at Amazon.com's page on that book. Accessed online 2009-10-01.
  5. ^ Elijah Wald – Music and Albums, on Wald's official web site. Accessed online 2009-10-01.
  6. ^ Elijah Wald – Biography, on Wald's official web site. Accessed online 2009-10-01.
  7. ^ This the is remarked upon by, among others, (1) Jonny Whiteside, Tonight at Book Soup: Elijah Wald Defends His Book, How the Beatles Destroyed Rock & Roll, L.A. Weekly blog entry May 26, 2009; (2) K. Ross Hoffman, Review of How the Beatles Destroyed Rock 'n' Roll, Philadelphia CityPaper, Jun 10, 2009]; (3) Nick Marino, Rock 'n' Roll, Paste Magazine, September 28, 2009; (4) Josh Kun, Going narco: A history of the Mexican drug song, Boston Phoenix, November 22–29, 2001. All accessed 2009-10-01.
  8. ^ "Border Talk – Elijah Wald", page 2, P.O.V. Borders, PBS, 2002. Accessed online 2009-10-01.
  9. ^ Ruth Hubbard and Elijah Wald, Exploding the Gene Myth: how genetic information is produced and manipulated by scientists, physicians, employers, insurance companies, educators, and law enforcers, 1999 (1993), Beacon Press, ISBN 0-8070-0431-6, p. 6.
  10. ^ Elijah Wald, How the Beatles Destroyed Rock 'n' Roll: An Alternative History of American Popular Music, 2009, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-534154-6.

External links[edit]