- This article is about the Russian painter. For the German architect see Elisabeth Böhm
Elisabeth Bohm or Elisaveta Merkuryevna Bem (Russian: Елизавета Меркурьевна Бём; 1843–1914) was a Russian painter, the most successful prominent author of postcards in 19th century Russia.
Elisabeth was born in Saint Petersburg to a noble Russian family of Endaurov (Эндауров) that had a Tatar origin. She spent her childhood in the estate of her parents: village Schiptsy, Poshekhonsky uezd, Yaroslavl Governorate. At the age of 14 she entered the School of Painting at the Society for Promotion of Artists (Школа Поощрения Художеств) there she studied under Ivan Kramskoi and Pavel Chistyakov. In 1865 she graduated from the school with the Large Silver Medal. She took private lessons from Kramskoi and studied at the Imperial Academy of Arts there she was awarded a Large Encouragement Medal for her animal paintings.
Elisabeth married a prominent Russian-Hungarian violinist Ludwig Bohm, professor of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. Elisabeth painted many watercolors, illustrated children books of the Folk Library (Народная библиотека) series there she was introduced by Leo Tolstoy. She also experimented with glass and ceramics. For her Silhouettes, Etchings and works of glass she received medals of the World Fairs in Chicago of 1893, Paris of 1900, Munich of 1902 and Milan of 1906 (gold medal).
Still she is mostly known as one of the most prominent Russian authors of postcards. She created more than 350 postcards. Most of her postcards were printed by the St. Eugenia Welfare Society (Благотоворительное Общество Святой Евгении). She has created a recognisable style of the postcards that depicts children faces and silhouettes. According to the study of Tretyakov and Gutterman she was the most reprinted author of postcards in the Russian empire.
Elisabeth Bohm died in 1914.
Подносила княгинюшка чару меда, зелена вина (The princess brought mead)
Napoleon (The Enemy was terrible but God is merciful)
ABC by Bohm, Letter А
- Biography on site peoples.ru (Russian)
- Biography on site Biografija.ru (Russian)
- Лети с приветом, вернись с ответом "Антиквариат, предметы искусства и коллекционирования" № 1, 2002
- ВОЗМОЖНОСТИ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ ОТКРЫТОК ДЛЯ АНАЛИЗА НЕКОТОРЫХ ЯВЛЕНИЙ ОБЫДЕННОГО СОЗНАНИЯ РОССИЯН С 1900 ПО 1917 ГОД by V. P. Tretyakov and A. A. Guterman "Клио" N 2 (14) за 2001 г.
- ЕЛИЗАВЕТА МЕРКУРЬЕВНА БЁМ. ЖИЗНЬ И ТВОРЧЕСТВО by T.A.Kasyanenko (Russian)
- Бем Елизавета Меркульевна
- В Биробиджане откроется выставка старинной русской открытки
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