|Born||October 8, 1919
|Died||July 29, 2007
Elisabeth Heyward was one of the participating interpreters during the Nuremberg Trials (1945–1949) held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany after World War II. She was the wife of Dick Heyward, former senior deputy executive director of UNICEF.
Exodus from Russia
Elisabeth Heyward was born on October 8, 1919 in St. Petersburg, Russia. After the Russian Revolution - a year after her birth - Heyward’s family left St. Petersburg. In 1920, she was among a mass of Russian migrants diverging into Berlin. Four years later, Heyward’s family left Germany to settle in Paris, France. A few years after World War I - at the age of five - Heyward had the overwhelming task of attending a school in Paris without, at first, having any knowledge of French. At home, Heyward spoke Russian with her parents although they were fluent in German as an outcome of having resided in Berlin for four years.
With the most of Elisabeth's upbringing being in France, Heyward's education was almost exclusively French, and she later attended an insititution that offered advanced studies in trade and commerce. Although the had stated that the milieu of her education had been male-dominated, Heyward finished her schooling with excellent accomplishment and had become fluent in English, winning first prize in fact during an English-language competition. At that time, however, the French government failed to recognize this notable linguistic accomplishment as Heyward had not yet earned French citizenship.
After World War II, Heyward was able to demonstrate her incredible talent as a polyglot while working at the France Presse news agency. Heyward’s experience at France Presse eventually led to her interpreting career, first during the Nuremberg Trials and then for the United Nations in New York.
Elisabeth Heyward was literally thrown in the deep end. The day she arrived in Nuremberg she went into the visitors' gallery, where she was astonished to see and hear simultaneous interpreting. The next day in the courtroom she had to launch into simultaneous interpreting herself. She survived this "baptism by fire" most successfully...A fair number of those who worked as interpreters in Nuremberg became and remained professional interpreters. – from "The Origins of Simultaneous Interpretation: The Nuremberg Trial" by Francesca Gaiba, 1988
In New York City
At the United Nations headquarters in New York, Heyward joined the French Section of the Interpretation Service, working from English and Russian. She later occupied the post of Head of the French Section until her retirement in 1981. After officially leaving the U.N. as a permanent staff member, Heyward continued working as a freelance interpreter until April 17, 2004.
- Baigorri-Jalón, Jesús. La interpretación de conferencias: el nacimiento de una profesión - de Paris a Nuremberg. Editorial Comares: 2000 ISBN 84-8444-055-9
- UNICEFUSA.org “2005 Archive: UNICEF Mourns Death of Dick Heyward - Beloved and Influential UNICEF Senior Statesman Dies at 90”, New York, 04 August 2005, retrieved on May 30, 2007
- UNICEF.org "Press Release: UNICEF Mourns Death of Dick Heyward - Beloved and Influential UNICEF Senior Statesman Dead at 90", 04 August 2005, retrieved on May 30, 2007
- Baigorri-Jalón, Jesús. Barr, Anne (English Translation from Spanish). Interpreters at the United Nations: A History. Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca:2004. - ISBN 84-7800-643-5
- Morris, Ruth. 'Justice in Four Languages or "Interpreters and Mistresses": Review of The Origins of Simultaneous Interpretation: The Nuremberg Trial by Francesca Gaiba, 1998', Communicate!, issue on Legal & Court Interpreting, September 2000; date retrieved: May 28, 2007.