|Career (UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland,
Greece & USA)
|Operator:||Galveston Historical Foundation|
|Builder:||Alexander Hall & Co.
|Launched:||27 October 1877|
|Length:||141 ft (43 m)|
|Beam:||28 ft (8.5 m)|
|Draft:||10 ft 6 in (3.20 m) .|
|Sail plan:||three-masted barque,
|Capacity:||430 tons cargo|
|Architect||Alexander Hall & Sons|
|Architectural style||Three-masted Barque|
|NRHP Reference #||78002930|
|Added to NRHP||March 21, 1978|
|Designated NHL||December 14, 1990|
Elissa was built in Aberdeen, Scotland as a merchant vessel in a time when steamships were overtaking sailing ships. She was originally launched on October 27, 1877. According to the descendants of Henry Fowler Watt, Elissa's builder, she was named for the Queen of Carthage, Elissa (more commonly called Dido), Aeneas' tragic lover in the epic poem The Aeneid.
Elissa also sailed under Norwegian and Swedish flags. In Norway she was known as the Fjeld of Tønsberg and her master was Captain Herman Andersen. In Sweden her name was Gustav of Gothenburg. In 1918, she was converted into a two-masted brigantine and an engine was installed. She was sold to Finland in 1930 (owned by Gustaf Erikson to 1942) and reconverted into a schooner. In 1959, she was sold to Greece, and successively sailed under the names Christophoros, in 1967 as Achaeos, and in 1969 as Pioneer. In 1970, she was rescued from destruction in Piraeus after being purchased for the San Francisco Maritime Museum. However, she languished in a salvage yard in Piraeus until she was purchased for $40,000, in 1975, by the Galveston Historical Foundation, her current owners. In 1979, after a year in Greece having repairs done to her hull, Elissa was first towed to Gibraltar. There, she was prepared for an ocean tow by Captain Jim Currie of the New Orleans surveyors J.K. Tynan International. The restoration process continued until she was ready for tow on June 7, 1979.
Elissa has an iron hull, and the pin rail and bright work is made of teak. Her masts are Douglas fir from Oregon, and her 19 sails were made in Maine. She has survived numerous modifications including installation of an engine, and the incremental removal of all her rigging and masts.
Elissa made her first voyage as a restored sailing ship in 1985, traveling to Corpus Christi, Texas. A year later, she sailed to New York City to take part in the Statue of Liberty's centennial celebrations. When she's not sailing, Elissa is moored at the Texas Seaport Museum in Galveston. Public tours are available year-round-provided she is not out sailing. The ship is sailed and maintained by qualified volunteers, who come from various places in East Texas.
In July 2011, the U.S. Coast Guard declared Elissa to be "not seaworthy."  Officials at the Texas Seaport Museum in Galveston where Elissa is berthed were astonished when a Coast Guard inspection in 2011 revealed a rotten hull. The tall ship is inspected twice every five years, said John Schaumburg, museum assistant director. The 2011 inspection uncovered the worst rot since the tall ship was rebuilt in 1982, he said.
There is much speculation as to the cause of the hull rot, but the Texas Seaport Museum raised the $3 million that paid for hull replacement and other long-overdue maintenance projects, finishing in January, 2013. The next "Elissa" project, costing $1,500,000, is to replace the 22,000 board feet of Douglas fir decking.
- National Register of Historic Places - first object granted this status while outside United States territory
- National Historic Landmark
- Named state Tall Ship by act of legislature in 2005
- Designated one of "America's Treasures" by the National Trust for Historic Preservation
- Escorted USS Texas (SSN-775) into Galveston harbor to be commissioned
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "Elissa (Bark)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
- "Galveston Historical Foundation". Retrieved 2012-08-30.
- Rice, Harvey (11 July 2011). "Galveston's tall ship Elissa no longer seaworthy". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- "State symbols". Texas State Library. Retrieved 2010-06-10.
- Delgado, James P. (8 January 1990). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form / Elissa" (pdf). National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
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