Elizabeth, New Jersey
|Elizabeth, New Jersey|
|— City —|
|City of Elizabeth|
(click image to enlarge; also see: state map)
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 13, 1855|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Mayor||J. Christian "Chris" Bollwage (term ends December 31, 2015)|
|• Total||13.464 sq mi (34.873 km2)|
|• Land||12.319 sq mi (31.907 km2)|
|• Water||1.145 sq mi (2.966 km2) 8.51%|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Density||10,144.1/sq mi (3,916.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||07201 - Union Square station
07202 - Bayway station
07206 - Elizabethport station
07207 - P.O. Boxes
07208 - Elmora station
|GNIS feature ID||0885205|
Elizabeth is a city in Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 124,969, retaining its ranking as New Jersey's fourth largest city (by population). The population increased by 4,401 (+3.7%) from the 120,568 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 10,566 (+9.6%) from the 110,002 counted in the 1990 Census. It is the county seat of Union County.
Elizabeth, originally called "Elizabethtown" and part of the Elizabethtown Tract, was founded in 1665 by English settlers. The town was not named for Queen Elizabeth I as many people may assume, but rather for Elizabeth, wife of Vice Admiral Sir George Carteret, 1st Baronet and one of the two original Proprietors of the colony of New Jersey. She was the daughter of Philippe de Carteret II, 3rd Seigneur de Sark and Anne Dowse. The town served as the first capital of New Jersey. During the American Revolutionary War, Elizabeth was continually attacked by British forces based on Manhattan and Staten Island.
On March 13, 1855, the City of Elizabeth was created by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature, combining and replacing both Elizabeth Borough (which dated back to 1740) and Elizabeth Township (which had been formed in 1693), subject to the results of a referendum held on March 27, 1855. On March 19, 1857, the city became part of the newly created Union County. Portions of the city were taken to form Linden Township on March 4, 1861.
The first major industry, the Singer Sewing Machine Company came to Elizabeth and employed as many as 2,000 people. In 1895, it saw one of the first car companies, when Electric Carriage and Wagon Company was founded to manufacture the Electrobat, joined soon by another electric car builder, Andrew L. Riker. The Electric Boat Company got its start building submarines for the United States Navy in Elizabeth, New Jersey beginning with the launch of USS Holland (SS-1) in 1897. These pioneering naval craft [known as A-Class] were developed at Lewis Nixon's Crescent Shipyard in Elizabeth between the years 1896–1903. Elizabeth grew in parallel to its sister city of Newark for many years, but has been more successful in retaining a middle class presence and was spared riots in the 1960s.
Elizabeth is located at United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 13.464 square miles (34.873 km2), of which, 12.319 square miles (31.907 km2) of it is land and 1.145 square miles (2.966 km2) of it (8.51%) is water.(40.666261,-74.19353). According to the
Elizabeth is bordered to the southwest by Linden, to the west by Roselle and Roselle Park, to the northwest by Union and Hillside, to the north by Newark (in Essex County). To the east the city is across the Newark Bay from Bayonne in Hudson County and the Arthur Kill from Staten Island, New York. The borders of Elizabeth, Bayonne, and Staten Island meet at one point on Shooters Island, of which 7.5 acres (3.0 ha) of the island is owned by Elizabeth, though the island is managed by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.
Business and industry 
Since World War II, Elizabeth has seen its transportation facilities grow; the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal is one of the busiest ports in the world, as is Newark Liberty International Airport, parts of which are actually in Elizabeth. Elizabeth also features Little Jimmy's Italian Ices (since 1932), the popular Jersey Gardens outlet mall, Loews Theater, and the Elizabeth Center, which generate millions of dollars in revenue. Companies based in Elizabeth include New England Motor Freight.
Together with Linden, Elizabeth is home to the Bayway Refinery, a Phillips 66 refining facility that helps supply petroleum-based products to the New York/New Jersey area, producing approximately 230,000 barrels (37,000 m3) per day.
Portions of the city are covered by the Urban Enterprise Zone, which cuts the sales tax rate to 3½% (half of the 7% charged statewide) and offers other incentives to businesses within the district[why?]. The Elizabeth UEZ has the highest business participation rate in the state[why?], with approximately 1,000 businesses participating in — and benefiting from — the program. The UEZ has helped bring in more than $1.5 billion in new economic development to the City and has brought in over $50 million in sales tax revenue that has been reinvested in funding for additional police, streetscape and other infrastructure improvements.
Celadon, a mixed-use development containing 14 glass skyscrapers, offices, retail, a hotel, boardwalk and many other amenities is proposed to border the east side of the Jersey Gardens mall, directly on the Port Newark Bay. It is planned to break ground in the summer As of 2008[update] on the ferry, roads and parking, and will continue construction for at least twelve more years.
1810-1970 1810-1920 1810
1820 1830 1860–1930
1930–1990 2000 2010
2010 Census 
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 124,969 people, 41,596 households, and 29,325 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,144.1 inhabitants per square mile (3,916.7 /km2). There were 45,516 housing units at an average density of 3,694.7 per square mile (1,426.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 54.65% (68,292) White, 21.08% (26,343) Black or African American, 0.83% (1,036) Native American, 2.08% (2,604) Asian, 0.04% (52) Pacific Islander, 16.72% (20,901) from other races, and 4.59% (5,741) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59.50% (74,353) of the population.
There were 41,596 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.43.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.2 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $43,770 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,488) and the median family income was $46,891 (+/- $1,873). Males had a median income of $32,268 (+/- $1,205) versus $27,228 (+/- $1,427) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,196 (+/- $604). About 14.7% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.
2000 Census 
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 120,568 people, 40,482 households, and 28,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,865.5 inhabitants per square mile (3,809.5/km2). There were 42,838 housing units at an average density of 3,505.2 per square mile (1,353.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 55.78% White, 19.98% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 15.51% from other races, and 5.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.46% of the population.
The nation where the highest number of foreign-born inhabitants of Elizabeth were born was Colombia, which was the birthplace of 8,731 Elizabeth residents as of the 2000 Census. This exceeded the combined total of Mexico and Central America of 8,214. It also far exceeded the next highest single nation count of Cuba at 5,812. The largest number for a non-Spanish speaking country and third highest overall was immigrants from Portugal numbering 4,544. The next largest groups were Salvadoran immigrants numbering 4,043, Peruvians 3,591 and Dominican immigrants of whom there were 3,492.
There were 40,482 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.45.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,175, and the median income for a family was $38,370. Males had a median income of $30,757 versus $23,931 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,114. About 15.6% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.
Districts and neighborhoods 
The city of Elizabeth has several distinct districts and neighborhoods.
Midtown (Broad Street and Morris Avenue), also occasionally known as Uptown, is the main commercial district. Midtown is a historic section as well. It includes the First Presbyterian Church and St. John's Episcopal Church, and its St. John's Episcopal Churchyard. The First Presbyterian Church was a battleground for the American Revolution. Located here are also the Art Deco Hersh Tower, the Thomas Jefferson Arts Academy, and the Ritz Theatre which has been operating since 1926.
Bayway is located in the southern part of the City and borders the City of Linden. There are unique ethnic restaurants, bars, and stores along Bayway Avenue, and a variety of houses of worship. Housing styles are older and well maintained. There are many affordable two to four-family housing units, and multiple apartment complexes. The western terminus of the Goethals Bridge, which spans the Arthur Kill to Staten Island can be found here.
DownTown (also known as The Port or E-Port), the oldest and perhaps the most diverse place in the City, is a collection of old world Elizabeth, new America, and a mix of colonial-style houses and apartment buildings that stretch east of Routes 1 & 9 to its shores. Although this has been an impoverished part of Elizabeth for many decades, this area has had a great deal of improvement in the last five years. Many homes have been refurbished or replaced with new, more ornate constructions. Housing projects that stood for years along First Street were demolished and replaced with attractive apartment complexes for those with low to moderate incomes. New townhomes on the waterfront have been developed & new 2 family homes are currently under construction.
The Elizabeth Marina, which in the past was filled with trash and debris along its walkway, has also beautified and many celebrations are held year round, from a Hispanic festival in the late spring to the lighting of a Christmas tree in the winter. Living conditions in this area continue to improve year after year. Historically, there was a Slavic community here, centered by a church (Sts. Peter and Paul Byzantine) and a Lithuanian (Sts. Peter and Paul, R.C.) and Polish (St. Adalbert) Roman Catholic Church still stands in the neighborhood. St. Patrick Church, originally Irish, dominates the 'Port and was built in 1888.
Elmora is a middle/working-class neighborhood in the western part of Elizabeth. Home to many Jewish people, a number of kosher eateries can be found here. The main thoroughfare, Elmora Avenue, boasts some of the best restaurants, shops and boutiques. A few of the City’s most luxurious high-rise building complexes- affording views of the New York skyline- dot the edge of this neighborhood and are convenient to the Midtown NJ Transit Train Station. Also found here is Morris Avenue which is home to many Colombian stores and restaurants. The northwestern part of Elmora is known as Elmora Hills. It is a strongly middle- to upper-middle-class neighborhood.
Frog Hollow 
Frog Hollow is a small community of homes just west of the Arthur Kill, and south of Elizabeth Avenue, Frog Hollow contains older style, affordable homes, rentals and some quality restaurants in a working-class community. The statue honoring former Mayor Mack on Elizabeth Avenue is a landmark in the community. Frog Hollow is also convenient to the Veteran’s Memorial Waterfront Park.
Keighry Head 
Keighry Head is located close to Midtown, containing affordable one and two-family homes, and apartment houses, convenient to the Midtown shopping district, and transportation. Also home to many citizens of Irish descent.
North Elizabeth 
North Elizabeth, also known as the "North End," is mainly a diverse working-class neighborhood home to many Portuguese as well. The North End has easy access to New York and Newark via its own NJ Transit train station, Routes 1&9 & the NJ Turnpike. The neighborhood also has Crane Square, the Historic Nugents Tavern, and Kellogg Park and its proximity to Newark Airport. There is currently a plan in place to develop the former Interbake Foods facility into shopping and residential town houses and condominiums. This community contains many larger one and two-family homes that have been rebuilt over the past decade. North Elizabeth also features many well-kept apartment houses and condominium units on and around North Avenue that are home to professionals who work in New York or the area. In addition, the only Benedictine women's community in New Jersey is located at Saint Walburga Monastery on North Broad Street.
Peterstown (also known as "The Burg") is a middle/working-class neighborhood in the southeastern part of the city. It is heavily industrial and ethnically diverse. Peterstown was once predominantly occupied by newly immigrated Italians and their descendants, but is less so today. Peterstown has clean, quiet streets and has many affordable housing opportunities with a “village” feel. The area contains the historic Union Square, home to produce stands, meat markets, fresh fish and poultry stores. Peterstown is also home to the DeCavalcante crime family, one of the most infamous Mafia families in the United States.
The Point 
The Point is centrally located and defined by New Point Road, located close to Midtown. This community contains many new affordable two-family homes, apartment houses and is undergoing a transformation.
Westminster is home to the City’s largest residential estates, a mix of Tudors, Victorians, ranch houses, colonial split levels and more. This neighborhood borders Hillside and contains many distinctive properties. It is also home to a new public school, considered one of the finest in the City’s system. The Elizabeth River runs through Westminster culminating in a dramatic splash of greenery and rolling hills off of North Avenue, near Liberty Hall. Residents use this area for recreation, whether it is at the newly christened Phil Rizzuto Park area, or for bird watching or for sunbathing by the river. It is one of the more affluent and historic areas of Elizabeth.
Local government 
The City of Elizabeth is governed under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government under the Faulkner Act. The City government of Elizabeth is made up of a Mayor and a City Council. The Elizabeth City Council is made up of nine members, who are elected to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis with elections held in even years. The three Council members elected at large and mayor come up for election together in leap years and two years later the six members who are elected from each of Elizabeth's six wards are all up for election.
As of 2013[update], the city's Mayor is J. Christian Bollwage, a lifelong resident of Elizabeth who is currently serving his fifth term as Mayor (D, term ends December 31, 2016). Council members are Council President William Gallman, Jr. (Fifth Ward; D, 2014), Carlos Cedeño (Fourth Ward; D, 2014), Frank Cuesta (at-large; D, 2016), Nelson Gonzalez (Second Ward; D, 2014), Manny Grova, Jr. (at-large; D, 2016), Joseph Keenan (Third Ward; D, 2014), Frank Mazza (Sixth Ward; D, 2014), Patricia Perkins-Auguste (at-large; D, 2016) and Carlos Torres (First Ward; D, 2014).
Federal, state and county representation 
Elizabeth is located in the 8th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 20th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Elizabeth had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
The 20th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Raymond Lesniak (D, Elizabeth) and in the General Assembly by Joseph Cryan (D, Union) and Annette Quijano (D, Elizabeth). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members. As of 2013[update], Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, term ends December 31, 2013), Vice Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, 2014), Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015), Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014), Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015), Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2013), Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015), Daniel P. Sullivan (D, Elizabeth, 2013) and Vernell Wright (D, Union Township, 2014). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union Township, 2015), Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union Township, 2013) and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014). The County Manager is Alfred Faella.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 44,415 registered voters in Elizabeth, of which 24,988 (56.3% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,430 (5.5% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 16,985 (38.2% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 35.5% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 47.8% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 24,751 votes here (80.8% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 5,213 votes (17.0% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 166 votes (0.5% vs. 0.8%), among the 30,640 ballots cast by the city's 50,715 registered voters, for a turnout of 60.4% (vs. 68.8% in Union County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 23,524 votes here (74.3% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 7,559 votes (23.9% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 202 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 31,677 ballots cast by the city's 48,294 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.6% (vs. 74.7% in Union County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 18,363 votes here (67.2% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 8,486 votes (31.0% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 144 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 27,334 ballots cast by the city's 45,882 registered voters, for a turnout of 59.6% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 10,258 ballots cast (66.8% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 4,386 votes (28.6% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 376 votes (2.4% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 131 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 15,355 ballots cast by the city's 46,219 registered voters, yielding a 33.2% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).
Fire Department 
The Elizabeth Fire Department (EFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the City of Elizabeth, NJ, operating out of seven fire stations, located throughout the city, under the command of one Deputy Chief and one Battalion Chief per shift. EFD operates and staffs a fire apparatus fleet of seven engines, three ladders and one rescue unit. Reserve and unstaffed rigs include a Haz-Mat Unit, Special Operations/Collapse Rescue Unit, Air Supply Unit, Tactical Rescue Unit, Quick Attack pickup truck, Foam Tender Unit, Neptune Pump Unit, Ironman Trailer, 12" Hose Wagon, and various special and support units, as well as a Reserve Apparatus fleet of 3 Reserve Engines and 1 Reserve Ladder. The Elizabeth Fire Department was established in 1837 when Engine Company #1 was organized. In 1901, the volunteer department was no longer adequate and the department reorganized into a paid department on January 1, 1902.
Fire station locations and apparatus 
|Engine company||Ladder company||Special unit||Command unit||Address|
|Engine 1||Ladder 3||24 S. Broad Street|
|Engine 2||651 S. Broad Street|
|Engine 3||Ladder 2||Haz-Mat. 1, Air Supply Unit, Decon. Trailer||442 Trumbell Street|
|Engine 5||Tac. 1, Quick Attack Unit, Foam Tender, Foam Units||147 Elizabeth Avenue|
|Engine 6||472 Catherine Street|
|Engine 7||Ladder 1||Rescue 1, Rescue 2 (Special Operations), Special Operations/Collapse Unit||Car 42 (DC), Car 43 (BC)||411 Irvington Avenue|
|Engine 8||524 W. Grand Street|
Fire signals and radio codes 
Like many other fire departments in the area, the Elizabeth Fire Department uses a series of radio codes used in communication over the department radio during incidents.
- Signal 400 - Mayday
- Signal 401 - Arson
- Signal 402 - Fire Related DOA
- Signal 403 - False Alarm (Good Intent)
- Signal 404 - False Alarm (Malicious Intent)
- Signal 405 - Response of the Rescue
- Signal 406 - Response of 1 Engine and the Rescue
- Signal 406L - Response of 1 Ladder and the Rescue
- Signal 407 - Response of 1 Engine
- Signal 407L - Response of 1 Ladder
- Signal 408 - Response of 1 Engine and 1 Ladder
- Signal 409 - Response of 1 Engine, 1 Ladder, and the Rescue
- Signal 410 - Response of 2 Engines, 1 Ladder, and the Rescue
- Signal 411 - Working Fire, Full Assignment consisting of 4 Engines (1 for F.A.S.T.), 2 Ladders, the Rescue, the Battalion and Deputy Chiefs, and EMS
- Signal 412 - 2nd Alarm Assignment consisting of 2 Engines and 1 Ladder
- Signal 413 - Full Department Response (Major Disaster)
- Signal 500 - Haz-Mat. Incident Response of 2 Engines, 2 Ladders, the Rescue, the Haz-Mat. and Decon. Units, the Battalion Chief and EMS
- Signal 501 - Haz-Mat. Incident w/Victim Response of 2 Engines, 2 Ladders, the Rescue, the Haz-Mat. and Decon. Units, the Battalion and Deputy Chiefs and EMS
- Signal 600 - Tech Rescue Response of 2 Engines, 1 Ladder, the Rescue, the Battalion Chief, the Collapse Unit on Stand-By
- Signal 605 - Person Under Train Response of 2 Engines, 1 Ladder, the Rescue, the Special Ops. Unit, the Battalion and Deputy Chiefs, EMS, EMS Supervisor
- Signal 609 - Collapse/Water Emergency (No Entrapment) Response of 2 Engines, 1 Ladder, the Rescue, and the Battalion Chief
EMS signals 
- Signal 800: EMS Mayday
- Signal 802: DOA / Pronouncement
- Signal 803: Unfounded (Good Intent)
- Signal 804: Unfounded (Malicious Intent)
- Signal 806: Advanced Life Support Injuries - Ambulance, Medics, and 1 Engine or 1 Ladder
- Signal 807: Basic Life Support Injuries - Ambulance, Engine responds if no ambulances available
- Signal 808: Auto Accident - Ambulance, Engine, Rescue
- Signal 809: Auto Accident with Entrapment - Ambulance, Engine, Rescue, Ladder
- Signal 810: Advanced Life Support Injuries (Non Auto Accident) on NJ Turnpike - Ambulance, Medics, and 1 Engine or 1 Ladder
- Signal 811: Basic Life Support Injuries (Non Auto Accident) on NJ Turnpike - Ambulance, and 1 Engine or 1 Ladder
Police department 
The Elizabeth Police Department was established in May 1858.
Emergency Medical services 
Emergency Medical Services for the City of Elizabeth are handled by the Elizabeth Fire Departments - Division of Emergency Medical Services. This is a civilian Division of the Fire Department and handles approx 40,000 calls a year. The Division is made up of an EMS Chief, 5 Supervisors, 28 Full Time Emergency Medical Technicians, and approximately 11 Per Diem EMTs. The Division, at its maximum staffing, attempts to operate four ambulances and a supervisor on days (7A-7P) and three ambulances and a supervisor on nights (7P-7A).
The city's public schools are operated by Elizabeth Public Schools, serving students in kindergarten through 12th grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
With 5,300 students, Elizabeth High School was the largest high school in the state of New Jersey and one of the largest in the United States, and underwent a split that created five new academies and a smaller Elizabeth High School under a transformation program that began in the 2009-10 school year. The school was the 294th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 322 schools statewide, in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2010 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 302nd in 2008 out of 316 schools. Before the 2008-09 school year, all of the district's schools (except high schools) became K-8 schools, replacing the middle schools and elementary schools. SchoolDigger.com, which maintains detailed profiles for over 136,000 schools in every state in the US, ranked Elizabeth 431st of 559 districts evaluated in New Jersey.
These and other indicators reveal a seriously declining performance standard in the city's schools. Data reported by the state Department of Education showed that a majority of students in a majority of the Elizabeth public schools failed basic skills tests. Only two of the city's 30 schools had failures among fewer than one-third of the students.
Private schools 
Elizabeth is also home to several private schools. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark oversees the coeducational schools St. Mary of the Assumption High School and Saint Patrick High School, and the all-girls Benedictine Academy. The Newark Archdiocese also operated the K-8 schools Our Lady of Guadalupe Academy, St. Genevieve School and St. Patrick Academy The Jewish Educational Center comprises the Yeshiva of Elizabeth (nursery through sixth grades), the Rav Teitz Mesivta Academy (boys, seventh through twelfth grades), and Bruriah High School (girls, seventh through twelfth grades).
The Elizabeth Public Library, the free public library with a main library, originally a Carnegie library, and three branches has a collection of 342,305 volumes and annual circulation of about 191,000.
Portions of Elizabeth are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide).
Elizabeth is a hub of several major roadways including the New Jersey Turnpike / Interstate 95, Interstate 278 (including the Goethals Bridge), U.S. Route 1/9, Route 27, Route 28 and Route 439. Elizabeth's own street plan, in contrast to the more usual grid plan, is to a large degree circular, with circumferential and radial streets centered on the central railroad station.
Mass transit 
Elizabeth is among the U.S. cities with the highest transit ridership.
The city has two train stations on New Jersey Transit's North Jersey Coast Line and the Northeast Corridor Line. Elizabeth Station, also called Broad Street Elizabeth or Midtown Station, is the southern station in Midtown Elizabeth. The other train station in Elizabeth is North Elizabeth Station.
New Jersey Transit is planning a segment of the Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link (NERL), designated as the Union County Light Rail (UCLR). The UCLR was planned to connect Midtown Station with Newark Liberty International Airport and have seven or eight other stations in between within Elizabeth city limits. A possible extension of this future line to Plainfield would link the city of Elizabeth with the Raritan Valley Line.
Public bus 
New Jersey Transit provides bus service on the 111, 112, 113 and 115 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 24, 40, 59 and 62 routes to Newark, New Jersey, with local service available on the 26, 52, 56, 57 and 58 routes.
Local media 
WJDM at 1530 on the AM dial is licensed to Elizabeth.
News 12 New Jersey is one of the most viewed weather and news channels in the city.
Elizabeth Public-Access Channel 
Residents of Elizabeth can tune into the Public-access television cable-TV channel at anytime to view public information such as the city bulletin board, live meetings, important health information and tips. This service is provided by Cablevision Local Programming. The service can be found on channel 18. The channel also has features such as Top 10 Ranked Television Shows, Educational Facts, Quote of The Day, Gas Price Statistics, and tips for keeping the city safe and clean.
Notable people and natives 
- Luqman Abdullah (born 1981), FBI Most Wanted drug kingpin.
- Asad Abdul-Khaliq (born 1980), starting quarterback for the Minnesota Golden Gophers from 2000 to 2003.
- Judy Blume (born 1938), author.
- Elias Boudinot (1740–1821), President of the Continental Congress and an early U.S. Congressman.
- Todd Bowles (born 1963), former NFL Defensive Back with the Washington Redskins and San Francisco 49ers. Currently, the Defensive Back Coach of the Dallas Cowboys.
- Hubie Brown (born 1933), former basketball coach and a current television analyst.
- Robert Nietzel Buck (1914–2007), broke the junior transcontinental air speed record in 1930 and was the youngest pilot ever licensed in the United States.
- William Burnet (1730–1791), physician who represented New Jersey in the Continental Congress from 1780 to 1781.
- Arthur Leopold Busch (1866–1956), submarine pioneer who constructed the USS Holland SS-1.
- Nicholas Murray Butler (1862–1947), winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and a founder of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
- Rodney Carter (born 1964), former NFL Running back/3rd Down Receiver with the Pittsburgh Steelers.
- Al Catanho (born 1972), former linebacker in the NFL for the New England Patriots and the Washington Redskins.
- John Catlin (1803–1874), Acting Governor of Wisconsin Territory.
- Gil Chapman (born 1953), running back and return specialist for the University of Michigan and New Orleans Saints.
- Abraham Clark (1725–1794), Member of the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of Independence.
- Amos Clark, Jr. (1828–1912), U.S. Representative from New Jersey and businessman.
- Michael Chertoff, (born 1953), United States Secretary of Homeland Security, was born and raised there.
- Freddie 'Red' Cochrane (1915–1993), professional boxer in the welterweight (147 lb) division who became World Champion in 1941 in that class.
- Jim Colbert (born 1941), golfer and multiple time winner on both the PGA Tour and Champions Tour.
- Tom Colicchio (born 1962), restaurateur, chef, and judge on reality-TV program Top Chef.
- Joseph Halsey Crane (1782–1851), congressional representative from Ohio.
- Elias Dayton (1737–1807), elected to the Continental Congress and served as mayor of Elizabethtown from 1796 to 1805, father of Jonathan Dayton.
- Jonathan Dayton (1760–1824), signer of the United States Constitution and Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, was born there. (Dayton, Ohio is named for him.)
- DeCavalcante crime family, one of the biggest mafia families in the United States is based here.
- John De Hart (1727–1795), delegate to the Continental Congress, was born and lived there.
- Tom DeSanto (born 1968), film producer.
- Thomas G. Dunn (c. 1921–1998), seven-term mayor of Elizabeth whose 28 years in office made him the longest-serving mayor in the U.S. of a city with more than 100,000 people.
- John J. Fay, Jr. (1927–2003), member of the New Jersey General Assembly and the New Jersey Senate.
- Charles N. Fowler (1852–1932), represented 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1895 to 1911.
- Ron Freeman (born 1947), winner of gold medal in the 4×400m relay at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, raised there and attended Thomas Jefferson High School.
- Stanton T. Friedman, (born 1934) professional ufologist.
- Chris Gatling (born 1967), NBA player for the Golden State Warriors, Miami Heat Dallas Mavericks, New Jersey Nets, Milwaukee Bucks, Orlando Magic, Denver Nuggets, and the Cleveland Cavaliers.
- William Halsey, Jr. (1882–1959) "Bull" Halsey, World War II five-star Fleet Admiral.
- Alexander Hamilton (ca. 1755–1804), lived here as a young man upon first arriving in America.
- Kyrie Irving (born 1992), professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers.
- Horace Jenkins (born 1974), former NBA player for Detroit Pistons.
- Phineas Jones (1819–1884) - represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1881 to 1883.
- John Kean (1852–1914), represented New Jersey in the United States Senate from 1899 to 1911, and served two separate terms in the United States House of Representatives, from 1883 to 1885, and from 1887 to 1889, representing New Jersey's 3rd congressional district.
- James C. Kellogg III (1915–1980), Chairman of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
- Daniel Hugh Kelly (born 1952), stage, film and television actor was born and raised there.
- Daniel C. Kurtzer (born 1949), United States Ambassador to Egypt from 1997 to 2001 and United States Ambassador to Israel from 2001 to 2005.
- William Livingston (1723–90), signer of the United States Constitution and first elected Governor of New Jersey lived there and built his home, Liberty Hall.
- Zenaida Manfugás (born 1932), Cuban-American pianist, considered one of the first black pianists in Cuba.
- James P. Mitchell (1900–64), served as United States Secretary of Labor from 1953 to 1961 and ran unsuccessfully for Governor of New Jersey.
- Thomas Mitchell (1892–1962), Oscar and Tony Award-winning actor, was born there.
- Hank Mobley (1930–1966), hard bop jazz saxophonist.
- Don Newcombe (born 1926), pitcher who spent most of his career with the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers.
- Elizabeth Peña (born 1961), actress.
- Lorenzo Da Ponte (1749–1838), Italian-born librettist and poet.
- Franklin Leonard Pope (1840–1885), telegrapher and inventor, lived there as a young man and befriended Thomas Edison.
- Ron Rivers (born 1971), played running back in the NFL for six seasons.
- Jonal Saint-Dic (born 1985), NFL player with the Kansas City Chiefs.
- Debralee Scott (1953–2005), actress, known for her role in Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman.
- Jamar Shipman (born 1985), a.k.a. Jay Lethal, professional wrestler in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling.
- Mickey Spillane (1918–2006), writer.
- Leo Steiner (1939–1987), co-owner of the Carnegie Deli.
- Edward Stratemeyer (1862–1930), creator of the Hardy Boys, Bobbsey Twins, and Nancy Drew, was born and resided there.
- William Sulzer (1863–1941), U.S. Congressman and impeached governor of New York.
- Craig Taylor (born 1966), former running back for three seasons for the Cincinnati Bengals.
- Dick Vosburgh (1929–2007), comedy writer and lyricist working chiefly in Britain.
- Bernie Wagenblast (born 1956), broadcaster, journalist.
- Mickey Walker (1903–1981), boxer, who held the Welterweight and Middleweight titles, was born and raised there. Ranked #10 on the Sports Illustrated list of The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures.
- Joe Weil (born 1958), writer and active member of the New Jersey poetry scene.
- Sam Woodyard (1925–1988), jazz drummer best known for his association with the Duke Ellington orchestra.
Sister cities 
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- "KNICKS' NEW CHIEF EXECUTIVE AND THEIR COACH", The New York Times, May 21, 1982. Accessed December 21, 2011. "When Hubie Brown, the new coach of the Knicks, was growing up in Elizabeth, N.J., he learned about poverty."
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