Elizabeth, South Australia

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This article is about the suburb of Elizabeth. For the former (physically larger) local government area, see City of Elizabeth.
Elizabeth
AdelaideSouth Australia
Population 952 (2006 Census)[1]
811 (2001 Census)[2]
Established 1955
Postcode(s) 5112[3]
Location 24 km (15 mi) N of Adelaide city centre[3]
LGA(s) City of Playford
State electorate(s) Little Para (2011)[4]
Federal Division(s) Wakefield (2011)[5]
Suburbs around Elizabeth:
Elizabeth West Elizabeth North Elizabeth Park
Edinburgh Elizabeth Elizabeth East
Elizabeth South Elizabeth Grove Elizabeth East

Elizabeth is an outer northern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia. It is located in the City of Playford.

History[edit]

Main article: City of Elizabeth

Prior to the 1950s, most of the area surrounding today's suburb of Elizabeth was farming estates. After the end of the Second World War and the accompanying shortage of materials, the state government decided that South Australia needed to grow and become an industrialised state.

A "satellite city" was planned for the Elizabeth area, and the South Australian Housing Trust initiated a housing development program in the area, with a purchase of 3,000 acres (1,200 hectares) of rural land between the older "country towns" (now Adelaide suburbs) of Salisbury and Smithfield.

The Suburb of Elizabeth was formed on 16 November 1955, being named after Queen Elizabeth II, who visited the suburb in 1963.

As well as the Town Centre,[6] originally with open air shopping malls there was a theatre (named "The Octagon"),[7]

Elizabeth has large areas of open space, with the most prominent being Fremont Park, on Main North Road. Elizabeth was the sister city of Fremont, California;[8] Lake Elizabeth in Fremont Central Park is named for the city.

Geography[edit]

Elizabeth is the seat of the Playford local government area and thus acts as a central business district for the surrounding suburbs. It lies between the Gawler Central railway line and Main North Road. DSTO Edinburgh is located to the west of Elizabeth.[9]

Demographics[edit]

The 2006 Census by the Australian Bureau of Statistics counted 952 persons in the suburb of Elizabeth on census night. Of these, 52.9% were male and 47.1% were female.[1]

The majority of residents (66.2%) were Australian born, with 13.2% born in England.[1]

The age distribution of Elizabeth residents is similar to that of the greater Australian population. 67.5% of residents were over 25 years in 2006, compared to the Australian average of 66.5%; and 22.5% were younger than 25 years, compared to the Australian average of 33.5%.[1]

The population of Elizabeth as recorded by this census, encompassing postcodes 5112, 5113 and 5114, was about 60,000.


Community[edit]

The local newspaper is the News Review Messenger. Other regional and national newspapers such as The Advertiser and The Australian are also available.[10] The Bunyip Newspaper[11] also covers the Elizabeth area in its Playford Times section.[12]

Schools[edit]

Elizabeth Special School is on Durrington Road. Fremont-Elizabeth City High School is on the Philip Highway. Kaurna Plains School is on Ridley Road.[13]

Sport[edit]

Elizabeth is the home of the Central District Bulldogs, an Australian rules football team in the South Australian National Football League (SANFL). It is currently the strongest team in South Australian football, having (in 2010) won nine of the last eleven SANFL Premierships. They play all of their home games at Elizabeth Oval (currently named "Playford Alive Oval").

Elizabeth also has an association football club (soccer), the Playford City Patriots, who play in the South Australian State League. However, their home stadium is Ramsay Park in Elizabeth West.

Facilities and attractions[edit]

The Elizabeth Shopping Centre sits in the middle of the suburb of Elizabeth.[9] Formerly known as Elizabeth Town Centre, it has been progressively expanded since the 1960s. In its early days it featured open air malls, but today it comprises a single storey undercover mall. A major renovation and extension was completed in 2004.

Parks[edit]

Dauntsey Reserve is located between Winterslow Road and Woodford Road. Ridley Reserve is located on the suburb's southern boundary. There are other parks and reserves in the suburb.[9]

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Elizabeth is serviced by Main North Road, connecting the suburb to Adelaide city centre, and by the Philip Highway.[9]

Public transport[edit]

Elizabeth is serviced by public transport run by the Adelaide Metro.[14]

Trains[edit]

The Gawler railway line passes beside the suburb. The closest station is Elizabeth.[14]

Buses[edit]

Elizabeth is serviced by buses run by the Adelaide Metro.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Elizabeth (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Elizabeth (State Suburb)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Elizabeth, South Australia (Adelaide)". Postcodes-Australia. Postcodes-Australia.com. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Electoral Districts - Electoral District for the 2010 Election". Electoral Commission SA. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  5. ^ "Find my electorate". Australian Electoral Commission. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Elizabeth Shopping Centre website
  7. ^ Ariel rocks the Octagon, 1973, Treasures of the State Library, State Library of South Australia.
    The Octagon Theatre Elizabeth was a multi-use auditorium specially designed for a wide range of activities. Built by the City of Elizabeth, it was completed in August 1965 and was a centre for live entertainment for the central and northern suburbs of Adelaide until it was closed in January 2003. The floorboards from the theatre were refurbished and used in the Great Hall of the City of Playford's new Civic Centre which opened in March 2004.
  8. ^ "Central Park (Lake Elizabeth)". City of Fremont. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  9. ^ a b c d Adelaide and surrounds street directory (47th ed.). UBD. 2009. ISBN 978-0-7319-2336-6. 
  10. ^ "South Australian Newspapers". Newspapers.com.au. Australia G'day. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  11. ^ The Bunyip Newspaper, www.bunyippress.com.au
  12. ^ Playford Times, www.bunyippress.com.au
  13. ^ "Australian Schools Directory". Australian Schools Directory. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c "Public Transport in Adelaide". Adelaide Metro official website. Dept. for Transport, Energy and Infrastructure, Public Transport Division. 12 January 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°43′12″S 138°40′23″E / 34.720°S 138.673°E / -34.720; 138.673