Elizabeth Debbie Eden
August 19, 1946
|Died||September 29, 1987(aged 41)|
Elizabeth Debbie Eden (August 19, 1946 – September 29, 1987) was an American trans woman whose notoriety came through her boyfriend John Wojtowicz. Wojtowicz attempted a bank robbery to pay for her sex reassignment surgery. The incident was made into the 1975 crime drama-comedy film Dog Day Afternoon directed by Sidney Lumet. The character Leon Shermer, played by Chris Sarandon, is loosely based on Eden.
The following year, on August 22, 1972, Wojtowicz's attempted robbery of a Chase Manhattan bank branch in Brooklyn, New York. Eden was not aware of the plans. After the failed heist, Wojtowicz was sentenced to 20 years, although he was released in April 1978. The film shows Sonny (the Wojtowicz character) making out a will to give Leon (Eden's character) his life insurance so that even if he is killed, she might still be able to pay for the operation. The real-life Wojtowicz was paid $7500, plus 1% of the film's net profits for the rights to his story, from which he gave to Eden enough to pay for her sexual reassignment surgery.
Her personal papers and photographs were donated posthumously to the National Archive of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender History at the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Community Center (New York) on June 14, 1990.
- Elizabeth Eden, Transsexual Who Figured in 1975 Movie, New York Times, October 1, 1987
- Photos, L. (2003). "The Dog and the Last Real Man". Journal of Bisexuality 3 (2): 43–68. doi:10.1300/J159v03n02_04.
- Ernest Aron Became Elizabeth Eden - AIDS Kills Woman Behind 'Dog Day', Los Angeles Times, September 30, 1987
- "Elizabeth Eden, Transsexual Who Figured in 1975 Movie", The New York Times, October 1, 1987
- Jabbar, Yasmene. "Dog Days Afternoon Remembered". Trans World News. Archived from the original on November 7, 2003. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- "Liz Eden Papers". Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Transgender Center. 1973–1986 (Bulk 1974). Archived from the original on December 17, 2003. Retrieved August 8, 2009.
- Liz Eden (Ernest Aron) Papers via LGBT Community Center New York
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