|Elizabeth Sanderson Haldane|
Taken from the frontispiece of her autobiography 'From One Century to Another'.
27 May 1862|
|Died||24 December 1937
St. Margaret's Hospital, Auchterarder, Perthshire, Scotland, UK
|Pen name||E. S. Haldane|
|Occupation||Writer, biographer, historian, philosopher|
|Genres||non-fiction, biography, philosophy|
Elizabeth Sanderson Haldane, CH, JP (//; 27 May 1862 – 24 December 1937) was an eminent public figure, author, biographer, philosopher, suffragist, nursing administrator, and social welfare worker. She was the sister of Richard Burdon Haldane, 1st Viscount Haldane and John Scott Haldane, and became the first female Justice of the Peace in Scotland in 1920. She was made a Companion of Honour in 1918.
Elizabeth Haldane was born on 27 May 1862 at 17 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh. Her father was Robert Haldane of Cloan House near Auchterarder, Perthshire and her mother was Mary Elizabeth Sanderson. She was educated by a succession of tutors and visiting schoolmasters. She wanted to go to college but it was too expensive and she was an only daughter tied to her widowed mother. Instead she educated herself by correspondence courses.
She took nursing courses in the 1880s and subsequently became involved in establishing the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) from 1908 onwards. She became a manager of Edinburgh Royal Infirmary around 1901 onwards. Her autobiography, From One Century to Another covers the period from 1862 to 1914. It lacks precise detail but gives a graphic picture of what it was like to be a well-to-do lady in the Victorian and Edwardian periods. She was intimate with royalty such as Queen Alexandra and was a personal friend of literary figures such as Matthew Arnold and George Meredith. She was taken out to dinner by Matthew Arnold who astonished her "by his knowledge of the neighbouring fishing streams, since he did not personally know the neighbourhood." She adds that: "I enjoyed his talk very much, as I had always had a great admiration for his work and felt it an honour to meet him. He had the stiff rather highbrow Victorian face one knew so well from pictures, but he was delightful to me." George Meredith visited Cloan House in September 1890. She recalls that "It was quite unnecessary to entertain him, for the wonderful sentences poured from his mouth and we had but to listen." In later life, she corresponded with her niece, Naomi Mitchison (née Haldane) who regarded her suffragist views as being out of date. Haldane accepted "the restriction of women's activities to the inside, the personal, the domestic" whereas Mitchison considered women to be equally free to pursuit their lives outside the home. She died on 24 December 1937 at St. Margaret's Hospital, Auchterarder, Perthshire.
- Vice-Chairman, Territorial Nursing Service;
- Member of QAIM Nursing Board;
- Deputy President of British Red Cross Society, Perthshire Branch;
- for some time a Manager of Edinburgh Royal Infirmary;
- Member of Scottish Universities Committee, 1909;
- Member of Royal Commission on the civil service, 1912;
- of Advisory Committees (National and Scottish) under the Insurance Act, 1912;
- of School Board since 1903;
- of County Authority for Education, 1919–22;
- of Scottish Savings Committee, 1916;
- of General Nursing Council, 1928;
- Central Council Broadcast Adult Education, 1930;
- Governor of Birkbeck College;
- late Governor of London School of Economics.
- Hegel's History of Philosophy (3 vols), translated with Miss Frances H. Simson, MA. London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1892–96;
- The Wisdom and Religion of a German Philosopher: Being selections from the writings of G. W. F. Hegel. London: Kegan Paul & Co., 1897;
- James Frederick Ferrier. (With introduction by R. B. Haldane) Edinburgh: Oliphant, Anderson and Ferrier, 1899, ("Famous Scots Series";
- Descartes: His Life and Times. London: John Murray, 1905;
- Descartes' Philosophical Works. (2 vols), with Professor G. R. T. Ross. Cambridge University Press, 1911/2;
- The British Nurse in Peace and War. London: John Murray, 1923;
- Mary Elizabeth Haldane: A Record of a Hundred Years, (1825–1925). (Edited) London: Hodder and Stoughton, ; reprinted by Kennedy & Boyd (2009) in the The Naomi Mitchison Library Series;
- George Eliot and her Times: A Victorian Study. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1927:
- Mrs Gaskell and her Friends. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1930;
- The Scotland of our Fathers: A Study of Scottish Life in the Nineteenth Century. London: Alexander Maclehose & Co., 1933;
- Scots Gardens in Old Times, 1200–1800. London: Alexander Maclehose & Co., 1934;
- From One Century to Another: The Reminiscences of Elizabeth S. Haldane. London: Alexander Maclehose & Co., 1937;
- Articles in various magazines, and in Encyclopædia of Religion and Ethics
- "Elizabeth Sanderson Haldane:Historical Figures and Perthshire". Strathearn.com. Retrieved 28 September 2007.
- Births and deaths information available at the General Register Office for Scotland, Scotlands People Centre in Edinburgh, and also at http://scotlandspeople.gov.uk. She was christened 'Elizabeth Saunderson' but the additional 'u' seems to be a clerical error.
- From One Century to Another: The Reminiscences of Elizabeth S. Haldane. London: Alexander Maclehose & Co., 1937, p.73.
- THE TERRITORIAL FORCE NURSING SERVICE 1908–1921: available at http://www.scarletfinders.co.uk/92.html
- From One Century to Another, p.196.
- From One Century to Another, pp. 223, 257.
- From One Century to Another, pp.101–102.
- From One Century to Another, p.164.
- According to Johanna Alberti, in her paper, 'INSIDE OUT: Elizabeth Haldane as a Women's Suffrage Survivor in the 1920s and 1930s.' Women's Studies International Forum, 1990, Vol. 13, Nos. 1/2, pp. 117–8.
- This list of her appointments appears in her 'Who was Who' entry.
- Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 available at http://www.ukwhoswho.com/view/article/oupww/whowaswho/U210623
- From One Century to Another: The Reminiscences of Elizabeth S. Haldane. London: Alexander Maclehose & Co., 1937.
- British Library catalogue available at http://www.bl.uk.
- Johanna Alberti, 'INSIDE OUT: Elizabeth Haldane as a Women's Suffrage Survivor in the 1920s and 1930s.' Women's Studies International Forum, 1990, Vol. 13, Nos. 1/2, pp. 117–125.