Elizabeth Island (Cape Horn)
In some accounts of Sir Francis Drake's voyage, in September 1578 he is said to have landed on an island off the tip of South America. Called "Elizabeth Island" in Francis Fletcher's account, it has been identified with Henderson Island, Hornos Island, or Pactolus Bank.
Elizabeth Island is significant as one of the first English territorial claims in the New World. It preceded Drake's claim of New Albion in 1579 and Humphrey Gilbert's claim of Newfoundland in 1583. Only Martin Frobisher's claims in Baffin Island and Greenland were earlier.
- Drake, Francis; et al. (1854). The World encompassed by Sir Francis Drake. Hakluyt Society. p. 75.
- Sugden, John (1990). Sir Francis Drake. Barrie & Jenkins. p. 118. ISBN 0-7126-2038-9.
- McDermott, James (2001). Martin Frobisher: Elizabethan privateer. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 190, 219. ISBN 0-300-08380-7.