Elizabeth Smith Miller

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Elizabeth Smith Miller (Sept. 20, 1822–1911 ), known as 'Libby' was an advocate and financial supporter of the women’s rights movement[1] and the daughter of antislavery philanthropist Gerrit Smith and spouse, the abolitionist Ann Carroll Fitzhugh. Elizabeth Miller was born September 20, 1822. In 1843, Elizabeth married Charles Dudley Miller.[2] and moved to Geneva, New York.[3] Elizabeth and Charles Dudley Miller occupied the “Cottage Across the Brook,” on her father’s estate at Peterboro, New York. It was later the home of their son, Gerrit Smith Miller. The family later moved to Geneva, New York where Elizabeth lived until 1911.

National Women's Right Convention[edit]

At the third National Women's Rights Convention gavelled in Syracuse, New York, Smith Miller was the author of a motion to create State-based women's rights organizations when the motion to create a national organization failed. She was with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony in the founding of the National Woman Suffrage Association.

Literary activity[edit]

Following Gerritt Smith’s death in 1874, Elizabeth Smith Miller worked with biographer Octavius Brooks Frothingham on the story of Gerritt Smith’s life. When Frothingham went so far as to alleged that Smith had prior knowledge of John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry, Elizabeth ordered the publisher to recall the tomes, break their bindings, and remove the information.[4] In her later years, Smith Miller penned a home economics treatise.[5]

Dress code reform[edit]

An advocate of Victorian dress reform, Elizabeth Smith Miller first wore the Turkish pantaloons and knee length skirt later popularized by Amelia Bloomer in The Lily. The apparel and its undergarment was similar to utilitarian outfits also worn by women of the utopian Oneida Community and the Oneida Nation’s women.[6] Dress reform was seen as essential in liberating women from the functional constraints imposed on their activities by conventions reinforcing a male dominated society. “Bloomers” were worn by leaders of the women’s rights movement as an act of rebellion until the amount of attention the protest received in the popular press became a distraction from the movement.[7]

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NY History Net, Elizabeth Smith Miller (Apr. 21, 2011).
  2. ^ Gerrit Smith Estate, National Historic Landmark Nomination, NPS Form 10-900 USDI/NPS NRHP Registriation Form (Rev. 8-86) OMB No. 1024-0018.
  3. ^ U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Elizabeth Smith Miller (Apr. 15, 2011).
  4. ^ NY History Net, Elizabeth Smith Miller (Apr. 21, 2011).
  5. ^ NY History Net, Elizabeth Smith Miller (Apr. 21, 2011).
  6. ^ NY History Net, Elizabeth Smith Miller (Apr. 21, 2011).
  7. ^ NY History Net, Elizabeth Smith Miller (Apr. 21, 2011).

External links[edit]