Elizabeth Street, Sydney

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Elizabeth Street, looking south from the intersection of Hunter Street, 11 January 1933.

Elizabeth Street is a street in Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Description and history[edit]

Elizabeth Street runs south from Hunter Street, past Hyde Park and David Jones, Central station and through the inner city suburbs of Surry Hills, Redfern, Waterloo and Zetland. The street is approximately 8.6 kilometres long and passes through a mixture of residential and commercial areas.[1]

Elizabeth Street was originally known as Mulgrave Street, but was renamed by Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1810 for his second wife, Elizabeth Henrietta Campbell (1778-1835).

Points of interest[edit]

  • Martin Place Special Area: this street is historically significant as a site of various monuments, including the Cenotaph. It was established as a meeting place in front of the GPO in 1863. Further development and evolution took place through the 1880s and 1930s, until the site was completely pedestrianised in 1970.[2]
  • Hyde Park: this is the oldest park in Australia, having been named by Governor Macquarie in 1810. The designer, Norman Weekes, won a 1926 design competition. The park includes the Oddfellows War Memorial (1921), the Archibald Fountain (1932) and Sandringham Gardens (1954), and has a state heritage listing.[3]
  • Museum Station: this station was designed by J.J.C.Bradfield as part of the City Circle rail system. It was built between 1922 and 1926 and has a state heritage listing.[4]
  • St James Station: started by the Chief Engineer of Metropolitan Railway Construction, St James was a vital link in the City Circle. It was built on two levels. Work commenced in 1916 but was held up by lack of funds. Work resumed in 1922. The station has a state heritage listing.[5]
  • Sydney Dental Hospital: the dental hospital was established in 1908 when the Dentists Act of 1901 put dentistry on an organised footing. It is run by the Faculty of Dentistry at Sydney University.
  • David Jones Market Street Store: designed by Mackellar and Partridge in 1938, plus Crawford H.Mackellar 1941, built 1938. The lower six floors were built between the wars, the upper floors were built after World War II. It represents one of the first examples of aluminium-framed windows in Sydney. The building has a state heritage listing.[6]
  • Former Registrar's Office: built late 1850, designed by Alexander Dawson, Colonial Architect, with a Tudor Gothic stone exterior, as part of the Supreme Court. Additions were by James Barnet in 1877 and 1886. The building is heritage-listed.[7]
  • Obelisk (facing Bathurst Street): this obelisk was based on Cleopatra's Needle in London, circa 1857. It is actually a sewerage vent in the Victorian Egyptian style. It is heritage-listed.[8]
  • Great Synagogue: located on the west side of Elizabeth Street, this synagogue was designed by Thomas Rowe, circa 1878. It seats 1600 people on the ground floor and is heritage-listed.[9]
  • Downing Centre: formerly Mark Foy's department store, this building was designed by McCreedy and Anderson in 1908. The upper four storeys were added in 1928, having been designed by H.Ross and Rowe.[10]
  • Central Railway: designed by Walter Liberty Vernon, Central Railway has been described as the grandest railway station in Australia. It was built of sandstone from 1901-1906 and is one of the first examples of reinforced concrete in Australia. It is listed on the Register of the National Estate.[11]
  • Redfern Park: this park is located between Elizabeth, Chalmers and Redfern Streets and includes an oval, sandstone perimeter walls, entrance gates, fountain and war memorials. Was the scene of the launch of the Australian Celebration of the 1992 International Year of the World's Indigenous Peoples. Has a state heritage listing.[12]
  • Waterloo Park: this park is located between Elizabeth, Kellick, Pitt and Allen Streets. The north-west corner contains the Mt Carmel Church, which was established in 1858.
  • Mt Carmel Church and School: the school was first established in 1858 under the Benedictine Order. A new school was built in 1876. The church was begun in 1859 and was designed by William Monroe. The presbytery was opened in 1890. The complex has a state heritage listing.[13]
  • Waterloo Town Hall: this town hall is listed as a substantial representative of the Victorian Italianate style. It was designed by Edward Hughes and built 1880-81. It is historically significant as an example of the small, inner-city councils in Sydney and is heritage-listed.[14]

Transport[edit]

Elizabeth Street was a busy electric tram corridor for most services to and from the eastern suburbs until the closure of the lines in 1961. The street is now a busy bus corridor to and from the eastern suburbs.

See also[edit]

Portal icon Australian Roads portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gregory's 2002 Street Directory, 66th Edition, Maps 345,375
  2. ^ State Heritage website
  3. ^ Stage Heritage site
  4. ^ State Heritage website
  5. ^ State Heritage website
  6. ^ State Heritage website
  7. ^ The Heritage of Australia, 1981, p.2/96
  8. ^ The Heritage of Australia, p.2/99
  9. ^ The Heritage of Australia, p.2/99
  10. ^ The Heritage of Australia, p.2/104
  11. ^ The Heritage of Australia, p.2/108
  12. ^ State Heritage website
  13. ^ State Heritage website
  14. ^ State Heritage website