Elizabeth Waldegrave, Countess Waldegrave
Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave, Countess Waldegrave (25 March 1760 – 29 January 1816), was a British noblewoman, courtier and society beauty. She served at court as a Lady of the Bedchamber to Charlotte, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of King George III. She married her cousin, George Waldegrave, 4th Earl Waldegrave in 1782.
Lady Elizabeth was the subject of portraits by Sir Joshua Reynolds and other painters.
Lady Elizabeth Laura was born on 25 March 1760, the eldest daughter of statesman James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave and Maria Walpole, the illegitimate child of Sir Edward Walpole by his mistress, Dorothy Clement. She had two younger sisters, Lady Charlotte Maria, later wife of the 4th Duke of Grafton, and Lady Anna Horatia, who would marry Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford.
When Elizabeth was three years of age, her father died of smallpox. As he had no sons, the title Earl Waldegrave passed to his brother, John. Elizabeth and her sisters subsequently took up residence with their mother at Ragman's Castle, a house in Twickenham. On 6 September 1766, her mother married secondly, and in secret, Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, a member of the British Royal Family as the younger brother of King George III. It was this marriage, made without the King's consent, which had led to the passing of the Royal Marriages Act in 1772. Elizabeth acquired three half-siblings, Princess Sophia, Princess Carolina (1774–1775), and Prince William Frederick by her mother's second marriage to the Royal duke. She and her sisters then lived at Windsor Castle and Sophia Lodge in Clewer, both in Berkshire.
Countess of Waldegrave
Lady Elizabeth married her cousin, George Waldegrave, Viscount Chewton on 5 May 1782 at Gloucester House, Grosvenor Square, Piccadilly, London. She was 22 years old. The Viscount served as a Colonel of the 87th Regiment of Foot. On 22 October 1784, he succeeded as 4th Earl Waldegrave and henceforth she was styled Countess Waldegrave. In the years following her marriage, Elizabeth gave birth to five children.
She went to court on an unrecorded date where she served Charlotte, Princess Royal as a Lady of the Bedchamber. When George III was incapacitated by mental illness in 1788 and 1789, she was one of the ladies who remained at the side of Queen Charlotte offering her loyal support. Novelist Fanny Burney refers to Elizabeth, Countess Waldegrave in her diary.
The children of Elizabeth, Countess Waldegrave and Earl Waldegrave:
- Lady Maria Wilhelmina Waldegrave (1783- 20 February 1805), married Nathaniel Micklethwaite, by whom she had a daughter, Charlotte.
- George Waldegrave, 5th Earl Waldegrave (13 July 1784- 29 June 1794), died at the age of nine by drowning in the River Thames.
- Lieutenant-Colonel John Waldegrave, 6th Earl Waldegrave (31 July 1785- 28 September 1846), married Anne King, by whom he had issue.
- Lieutenant Edward William Waldegrave (29 August 1787- 22 January 1809), drowned at sea
- Vice-Admiral William Waldegrave, 8th Earl Waldegrave (27 October 1788- 24 October 1859), married firstly Elizabeth Whitbread, by whom he had issue; secondly Sarah Whitear.
Widowhood and death
Elizabeth became a widow on 22 October 1789, at the age of twenty-nine. Her eldest son, George, succeeded his father as Earl Waldegrave. The boy drowned five years later while swimming in the River Thames near Eton, and the title then passed to his younger brother, John. Elizabeth lost another son, Edward, when he was drowned in a shipwreck off the coast of Falmouth as he was sailing home from Spain in 1809. He had served as a lieutenant in the 7th Regiment Dragoons.
Elizabeth was the subject of many painters, including Sir Joshua Reynolds. In the latter's The Ladies Waldegrave, which is displayed in the National Gallery of Scotland, she and her two younger sisters are depicted seated at a table. Elizabeth is in a chair on the far left, winding a skein of wool. The painting was commissioned in 1780-81 by her mother, Maria Walpole with a view of attracting potential suitors for her daughters, all of whom were unmarried at the time. It was exhibited in the Royal Academy. Elizabeth's miniature was painted by Samuel Shelley, and John Hoppner did a half-length portrait of her. In London's National Portrait Gallery, there is a mezzotint by J. Smith which depicts Elizabeth, as a baby, in the arms of her mother. Reynolds also executed a portrait of Elizabeth and her mother in a similar style in 1761.
|Ancestors of Elizabeth Waldegrave, Countess Waldegrave|
- Women of History- W, www.abitofhistory.net
- The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 58. p.827. Google Books, retrieved 22-10-10
- According to one of the letters of Mrs. Patrick Delany, Elizabeth attended the two eldest princesses, Charlotte and Augusta. Letters from Mrs. Delany (widow of Doctor Patrick Delany) to Mrs. Frances Hamilton from the year 1779 to the year 1788. comprising many unpublished and interesting anecdotes of their late royal majesties and the royal family: now first printed from the original manuscripts, published by The Library of University of California Los Angeles. p.32. Google Books, retrieved 21 October 2010
- Burke, John (1832). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire, Volume 11. London. p.580
- Weir, Alison (1999), British Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy. The Bodley Head, London. p.279
- David Nash Ford, Royal Berkshire History, Maria Walpole, retrieved 21 October 2010
- Women of History-W
- Collins, Arthur (1812). Peerage of England. London. p.248. Google Books, retrieved 21 October 2010
- Collins, pp. 247-48
- Women of History-W
- Women of History-W
- Stirnet: Waldegrave1 (subscription required)