Elk County, Kansas

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Elk County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Elk County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 25, 1875
Seat Howard
Largest city Howard
Area
 • Total 650.36 sq mi (1,684 km2)
 • Land 647.29 sq mi (1,676 km2)
 • Water 3.07 sq mi (8 km2), 0.47%
Population
 • (2010) 2,882
 • Density 4.8/sq mi (1.8/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website elkcountyks.org

Coordinates: 37°27′N 96°14′W / 37.450°N 96.233°W / 37.450; -96.233

Elk County (county code EK) is a county located in Southeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 2,882.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Howard.[2]

History[edit]

Elk County was founded in 1875. It was named from the Elk River.[3] The first railroad in Elk County was built through that territory in 1879.[4]

Law and government[edit]

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Elk County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 650.36 square miles (1,684.4 km2), of which 647.29 square miles (1,676.5 km2) (or 99.53%) is land and 3.07 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 0.47%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 10,623 [7]
1890 12,216 15.0%
1900 11,443 −6.3%
1910 10,128 −11.5%
1920 9,034 −10.8%
1930 9,210 1.9%
1940 8,180 −11.2%
1950 6,679 −18.3%
1960 5,048 −24.4%
1970 3,858 −23.6%
1980 3,918 1.6%
1990 3,327 −15.1%
2000 3,261 −2.0%
2010 2,882 −11.6%
Est. 2012 2,720 [8] −5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 estimate

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[10] there were 3,261 people, 1,412 households, and 923 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,860 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.06% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.20% from other races, and 2.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.18% of the population.

There were 1,412 households out of which 24.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 32.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.50% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 20.00% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 25.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 91.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,267, and the median income for a family was $34,148. Males had a median income of $28,580 versus $16,219 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,066. About 9.20% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 15.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Elk County (map legend)

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Elk County is divided into ten townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Elk Falls 20325 196 1 (3) 152 (59) 0 (0) 0.19% 37°22′17″N 96°12′26″W / 37.37139°N 96.20722°W / 37.37139; -96.20722
Greenfield 28550 321 2 (5) 171 (66) 1 (0) 0.62% 37°21′8″N 96°27′5″W / 37.35222°N 96.45139°W / 37.35222; -96.45139
Howard 33275 Howard 1,006 6 (16) 166 (64) 1 (1) 0.86% 37°28′3″N 96°15′14″W / 37.46750°N 96.25389°W / 37.46750; -96.25389
Liberty 40025 117 1 (2) 154 (59) 0 (0) 0.19% 37°34′22″N 96°1′55″W / 37.57278°N 96.03194°W / 37.57278; -96.03194
Longton 42675 530 5 (12) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.11% 37°22′38″N 96°5′27″W / 37.37722°N 96.09083°W / 37.37722; -96.09083
Oak Valley 51950 154 1 (3) 116 (45) 0 (0) 0.24% 37°21′59″N 96°1′14″W / 37.36639°N 96.02056°W / 37.36639; -96.02056
Painterhood 54075 68 0 (1) 154 (59) 1 (0) 0.37% 37°27′35″N 96°2′37″W / 37.45972°N 96.04361°W / 37.45972; -96.04361
Paw Paw 54925 116 1 (2) 141 (54) 0 (0) 0.24% 37°33′19″N 96°13′46″W / 37.55528°N 96.22944°W / 37.55528; -96.22944
Union Center 72500 116 0 (1) 371 (143) 2 (1) 0.46% 37°31′44″N 96°23′31″W / 37.52889°N 96.39194°W / 37.52889; -96.39194
Wildcat 79150 637 5 (12) 135 (52) 2 (1) 1.35% 37°21′33″N 96°19′10″W / 37.35917°N 96.31944°W / 37.35917; -96.31944
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Elk County, Kansas". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 573–574. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ The counties of Elk and Chautauqua were organized from parts of Howard County in 1875. The census populations for Howard were 2,794 in 1870 and 19 in 1860.
  8. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  9. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps