Elk Grove, California
|City of Elk Grove|
|General law city|
Sunset on Laguna Blvd, Elk Grove
|Motto: "Proud Heritage, Bright Future"|
|Incorporated||July 1, 2000|
|• Mayor||Gary Davis|
|• Vice mayor||Pat Hume|
|• Chief Of Police||Robert Lehner|
|• Fire Chief||Tracey Hansen|
|• Total||42.239 sq mi (109.398 km2)|
|• Land||42.190 sq mi (109.271 km2)|
|• Water||0.049 sq mi (0.127 km2) 0.12%|
|Elevation||46 ft (14 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (January 1, 2014)||160,688|
|• Rank||2nd in Sacramento County
30th in California
|• Density||3,600/sq mi (1,400/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||95624, 95757–95759|
|GNIS feature IDs||277506, 2410425|
Elk Grove is a city in Sacramento County, California, located just south of the state capital of Sacramento. It is part of the Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Roseville Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2014, the population of the city was estimated at 160,688. The second-largest city in Sacramento County, Elk Grove was the fastest growing city in the U.S. between July 1, 2004, and July 1, 2005.
Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga entered the region in 1808, naming the valley "Sacramento Valley" in honor of Sacramento, the Holy Sacrament in Spanish, giving the northernly city of Sacramento of which Elk Grove is a suburb its name. A writer on Moraga's expedition wrote of the region: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. The air was like champagne, and (the Spaniards) drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them."
Elk Grove itself was founded in 1850 as a stage stop for travelers coming from Sacramento and the San Francisco Bay Area, when the Elk Grove Hotel and Stage Stop was opened by James Hall and the town was subsequently named after it. In 1868 the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came through about a mile east of Elk Grove. At this new location another hotel was built to accommodate travelers and was also named the Elk Grove Hotel. 
In the following decades, Elk Grove remained a small farming community with little urban development. However, in the late 1980's, suburban development projects began to spring up around the community, specifically in the north near Sacramento. This was meant to serve Sacramento's population as well as San Francisco commuters looking for a community relatively near the San Francisco Bay Area which they could settle in and still commute from. This set off a period of rapid suburban growth which hit its peak in the years 2004 and 2005 when Elk Grove was declared the fastest growing city in the US.
On July 1, 2000, Elk Grove incorporated as a city. In 2008 Elk Grove suffered heavily from the subprime mortgage crisis due to its suburban nature.
|Black or African American||11.2%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||18.0%|
The Elk Grove Unified School District is the fifth largest school district in California and one of the fastest growing school districts in the nation. Located in southern Sacramento County, the district covers 320 square miles (830 km2), one-third of the county. For the 2002-03 school year, the district served more than 52,500 students, and expects to reach 66,000 students by 2015. Those students attend 38 elementary schools, 8 middle schools, 8 high schools and 4 alternative high schools.
There are also several private schools in town. A local community college, Cosumnes River College, offers both vocational training and a transfer program to four-year universities. Located nearby are California State University, Sacramento and the University of California, Davis, as well as branches of Golden Gate University, and St. Mary's College. Elk Grove is also the home of the private six-year Universalist religious college Quest Seminary. In 2013, California Northstate University that offers a Doctor of Pharmacy degree program relocated to Elk Grove (near Interstate 5).
The new Elk Grove Public Library is located at 8900 Elk Grove Blvd in a modern two story building. It moved to this location from just a block East. The library is part of the broader Sacramento Public Library system. The Elk Grove Library also serves neighboring communities such as Vineyard, Wilton, Sloughhouse, and Rancho Murieta. Additional local libraries supplement neighborhoods, such as the public Franklin High Library.
The City of Elk Grove incorporated on July 1, 2000. It is a general law city and operates on the Manager-City Council type of governance. Beginning in 2012, voters elect the Mayor directly for a two year term, along with four council members. Prior to 2012, The mayor's position was a one-year term and was chosen at-large by the city council. The first directly elected Mayor of Elk Grove on November 6, 2012 is Gary Davis. The remaining councilmembers are Darren Suen (District 1), Pat Hume (District 2), Steve Detrick (District 3) and Steve Ly (District 4).
According to Elk Grove's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Elk Grove Unified School District||5,000|
|4||Methodist Hospital of Sacramento||550|
|6||Cosumnes River College||330|
|8||Bimbo Bakeries USA||265|
|9||City of Elk Grove||289|
|10||Bank of Stockton||237|
Elk Grove is serviced by a fared bus system called e-Tran that encompasses many of the city's main thouroughfares.
- Kyle Larson, NASCAR driver.
- Ami Bera (Residence), physician; United States Representative, 7th district, California.
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- "Is America's suburban dream collapsing into a nightmare?." CNN. Accessed June 17, 2008.
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- "California's 7th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 9, 2013.
- City of Elk Grove CAFR
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- "Biography". Kyle Larson official website. Retrieved 2012-06-16.
- Bera, Ami. "About Dr. Ami Bera". Bera for Congress. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
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