Elk Point, South Dakota
|Elk Point, South Dakota|
|— City —|
|Union County and the state of South Dakota|
|• Total||1.36 sq mi (3.52 km2)|
|• Land||1.36 sq mi (3.52 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,125 ft (343 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||2,003|
|• Density||1,443.4/sq mi (557.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1254905|
Elk Point is a city in Union County, South Dakota, United States. It is part of the Sioux City, IA–NE–SD Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,963 as of the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Union County.
Elk Point is located at (42.685512, -96.681789).
2010 census 
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,963 people, 770 households, and 505 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,443.4 inhabitants per square mile (557.3 /km2). There were 830 housing units at an average density of 610.3 per square mile (235.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.0% White, 0.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 770 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.4% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.16.
The median age in the city was 36.3 years. 30.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 25% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.
2000 census 
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,714 people, 682 households, and 459 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,276.0 people per square mile (493.9/km²). There were 750 housing units at an average density of 558.4 per square mile (216.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.54% White, 0.18% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population.
There were 682 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $41,157, and the median income for a family was $48,056. Males had a median income of $35,509 versus $22,885 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,153. About 5.5% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
Elk Point Public Schools are part of the Elk Point-Jefferson School District (South Dakota). The school district has one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school. Students attend Elk Point-Jefferson High School.
Notable people 
Gorilla Project 
The Dallas-based energy firm Hyperion Resources Inc. announced on June 13, 2007 that area north of Elk Point, near Spink, was a finalist for a new oil refinery. The facility, which would process 400,000 barrels (64,000 m3) of oil a day and use 12 million US gallons (45,000 m3) of water daily from the Missouri River, has caused significant controversy among concerned residents of Elk Point and the surrounding area. Prior to the announcement, the project was kept under considerable secrecy, and was known only as "Project Gorilla" while Hyperion made several purchase agreements on land north and east of Elk Point. Elk Point is the forerunner among three other out-of-state locations Hyperion is considering for construction of the massive, 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) refinery.
Opponents are concerned about air, water, and noise pollution; environmental degradation of nearby food crops such as soy beans, corn, and alfalfa; negative effects on the ethanol fuel market and competition with local ethanol producing farmers; displacement of some local residents and population resettling; potential industrial disasters including explosions, leaks, and spills, reminiscent of the recent explosion at a similar-capacity Texas City Oil Refinery that caused the deaths of 15 workers and injured over 100; contamination potential threats of terrorism; and concerns of the sheer size of the facility, which will be over twice the area of Elk Point itself.
Supporters argue that the facility will bring a much-needed economic boost to the Union County area, and would create over 4,500 new construction jobs and employ 1,800 full-time workers once completed. Hyperion representatives have also promised that the corporation would "go the extra mile" to protect the environment.
On October 1, 2012, Hyperion officials confirmed that they had allowed all of their land options for the refinery project in Union County to expire.
- "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-11.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-05.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Profile for Elk Point, South Dakota, SD". ePodunk. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
- "Elk Point, South Dakota". City-Data.com. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Elk Point-Jefferson School District". Elk Point-Jefferson School District. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
- "Energy center decision to come in 2008: Hyperion announcement is first step in public process". Southern Union County Leader-Courier. 2007-06-21. p. 1,10.
- "Hyperion Allows Union County Land Leases to Expire". KSFY-TV. 2012.10.01. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
- Elk Point, South Dakota Official City Website
- Elk Point History from the Union County Historical Society website
- Article from the Argus Leader newspaper of Sioux Falls, S.D., about the Gorilla Project and Hyperion Resources
- Elk Point Jefferson School Website