Elk Township, New Jersey

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Elk Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Elk
Elk Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Elk Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Elk Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Elk Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°39′46″N 75°09′25″W / 39.662752°N 75.156972°W / 39.662752; -75.156972Coordinates: 39°39′46″N 75°09′25″W / 39.662752°N 75.156972°W / 39.662752; -75.156972[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated April 17, 1891
Government[6]
 • Type Township (New Jersey)
 • Mayor Patrick Spring (term ends December 31, 2014)[3][4]
 • Clerk Debbie Pine[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 19.688 sq mi (50.992 km2)
 • Land 19.494 sq mi (50.490 km2)
 • Water 0.194 sq mi (0.502 km2)  0.98%
Area rank 144th of 566 in state
6th of 24 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 144 ft (44 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 4,216
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 4,249
 • Rank 405th of 566 in state
18th of 24 in county[12]
 • Density 216.3/sq mi (83.5/km2)
 • Density rank 499th of 566 in state
23rd of 24 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08343 - Monroeville[13]
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 3401521060[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882139[16][2]
Website www.elktownshipnj.gov

Elk Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,216,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 702 (+20.0%) from the 3,514 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 292 (-7.7%) from the 3,806 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Elk Township was formed as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 17, 1891, from portions of Clayton Township, Glassboro Township and South Harrison Township.[18] Elk Township is a dry town where alcohol cannot be sold.[19][20]

Geography[edit]

Elk Township is located at 39°39′46″N 75°09′25″W / 39.662752°N 75.156972°W / 39.662752; -75.156972 (39.662752,-75.156972). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 19.688 square miles (50.992 km2), of which, 19.494 square miles (50.490 km2) of it was land and 0.194 square miles (0.502 km2) of it (0.98%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders South Harrison Township, Harrison Township, Glassboro, Clayton, and Franklin Township. Elk Township also borders Salem County.

Transportation[edit]

Major state routes that pass through include Route 77 and the limited access Route 55. The two main county routes that are accessible include Route 538 and Route 553. The New Jersey Turnpike passes through in neighboring Harrison, but the closest exit is two towns away.

New Jersey Transit bus service is available between Elk Township and Philadelphia on the 410 route.[21]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 997
1910 1,022 2.5%
1920 951 −6.9%
1930 1,623 70.7%
1940 1,656 2.0%
1950 2,074 25.2%
1960 2,635 27.0%
1970 2,707 2.7%
1980 3,187 17.7%
1990 3,806 19.4%
2000 3,514 −7.7%
2010 4,216 20.0%
Est. 2013 4,249 [11] 0.8%
Population sources: 1900-2000[22]
1900-1920[23] 1900-1910[24]
1910-1930[25] 1930-1990[26]
2000[27][28] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,216 people, 1,474 households, and 1,117 families residing in the township. The population density was 216.3 per square mile (83.5 /km2). There were 1,576 housing units at an average density of 80.8 per square mile (31.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 79.74% (3,362) White, 14.78% (623) Black or African American, 0.52% (22) Native American, 0.64% (27) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.71% (72) from other races, and 2.61% (110) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.10% (215) of the population.[8]

There were 1,474 households, of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.20.[8]

In the township, 23.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $63,194 (with a margin of error of +/- $18,724) and the median family income was $74,412 (+/- $15,399). Males had a median income of $56,786 (+/- $16,223) versus $39,900 (+/- $15,570) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,707 (+/- $3,616). About 9.3% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[29]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 3,514 people, 1,263 households, and 958 families residing in the township. The population density was 179.0 people per square mile (69.1/km²). There were 1,347 housing units at an average density of 68.6 per square mile (26.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 82.07% White, 14.26% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 1.37% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.93% of the population.[27][28]

There were 1,263 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.16.[27][28]

In the township the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.[27][28]

The median income for a household in the township was $51,047, and the median income for a family was $55,472. Males had a median income of $41,604 versus $27,407 for females. The per capita income for the township was $18,621. About 8.3% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.[27][28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Elk Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2014, the members of the Elk Township Committee are Mayor Patrick Spring (D, term on committee and as mayor ends December 31, 2014), Deputy Mayor Dennis Marchei (D, term on committee ends 2015 and as deputy mayor ends 2014), Phil Barbaro (R, 2014), Edward Poisker (R, 2015) and Christine Yenner (D, 2016).[3][30][4]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Elk Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[31] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[9][32][33]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[34] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[35][36] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[37][38]

The 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton).[39] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[40] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[41]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2013, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends 2015),[42] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[43] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[44] Vincent H. Nestore, Jr. (R, Deptford Township; 2013),[45] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014),[46] Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014)[47] and Larry Wallace (R, Woolwich Township; 2013).[48][49] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[50] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[51] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[52][53]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,005 registered voters in Elk, of which 1,031 (34.3%) were registered as Democrats, 604 (20.1%) were registered as Republicans and 1,369 (45.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[54]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 51.3% of the vote here (1,187 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 46.7% (1,080 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (25 votes), among the 2,312 ballots cast by the township's 3,204 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.2%.[55] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 50.9% of the vote here (1,016 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 47.8% (955 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (14 votes), among the 1,997 ballots cast by the township's 2,727 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 73.2.[56]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 50.7% of the vote here (784 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 39.2% (607 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.2% (112 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (12 votes), among the 1,547 ballots cast by the township's 3,105 registered voters, yielding a 49.8% turnout.[57]

Education[edit]

The Elk Township School District serves students in public school for preschool through sixth grade. The Aura School was built in 1927, with the newest addition built in 2002. The school had an enrollment of 387 students as of the 2010-11 school year.[58]

For seventh through twelfth grades, public school students attend the Delsea Regional School District, which serves students from both Elk Township and Franklin Township.[59] Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[60]) are Delsea Regional Middle School with 548 students in grades 7 and 8, and Delsea Regional High School with 1,202 students in grades 9 - 12.[61]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Township Committee, Elk Township. Accessed June 20, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Gloucester County 2014 Official Directory, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2014.
  5. ^ Municipal Clerk, Elk Township. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Elk, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Elk township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Elk township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Monroeville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 27, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  18. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 138. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  19. ^ New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
  20. ^ Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
  21. ^ Gloucester County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 6, 2012.
  22. ^ Barnett, Bob. "Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  23. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  24. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Elk township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Elk township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  29. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Elk township, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  30. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Elk Township. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  31. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  32. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  35. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  36. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  37. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  38. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  39. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 16, 2014.
  40. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  41. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  42. ^ Robert M. Damminger, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  43. ^ Giuseppe (Joe) Chila, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  44. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  45. ^ Vincent H. Nestore, Jr., Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  46. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  47. ^ Adam J. Taliaferro, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  48. ^ Larry Wallace, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  49. ^ Board of Freeholders, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  50. ^ James N. Hogan, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  51. ^ Surrogate Helene M. Reed, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  52. ^ Sheriff Carmel M. Morina, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  53. ^ Row Officers, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
  54. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Gloucester, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  55. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  56. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  57. ^ 2009 Governor: Gloucester County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  58. ^ Data for the Elk Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  59. ^ About Us, Delsea Regional School District. Accessed November 7, 2012. "The Delsea Regional HS District is a regional public school district serving students from two communities in Gloucester County, New Jersey. The district serves students in grades 7-12 from Elk Township and Franklin Township."
  60. ^ Data for the Delsea Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 7, 2012.
  61. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Delsea Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 7, 2013.
  62. ^ Assemblyman Sean F. Dalton, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 5, 1997. Accessed June 17, 2010.

External links[edit]