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Old Baltimore Pike

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Old Baltimore Pike
Route information
Maintained by DelDOT
Length: 8.35 mi[1] (13.44 km)
Major junctions
West end: MD 281 near Newark
  DE 896 in Glasgow
DE 273 in Christiana
DE 1 near Christiana
East end: Dead end near Christiana
Location
Counties: New Castle
Highway system
Routes in Delaware

Old Baltimore Pike is a road in the U.S. state of Delaware. The road, known as New Castle County Road 26, runs from the Maryland state line (continuing from Maryland Route 281 (MD 281)) south of Newark, Delaware and continues east to Christiana, ending near Delaware Route 1 (DE 1). The road is paralleled by Interstate 95 (I-95, Delaware Turnpike) to the north and U.S. Route 40 (US 40, Pulaski Highway) to the south. The Old Baltimore Pike was built before 1720 and connected Elkton, Maryland to Christiana. It was a turnpike called the Elk and Christiana Turnpike between 1817 and 1838. In the past it served as a major connection between Philadelphia and Baltimore.

Route description[edit]

Old Baltimore Pike begins at the Delaware–Maryland state line near Newark, Delaware, continuing the eastward route of MD 281. The road heads northeast through wooded residential areas as a two-lane undivided road, intersecting Otts Chapel Road. It continues through more residential areas, passing south of Iron Hill Park. Old Baltimore Pike crosses DE 896 and heads into rural areas. Here, the road passes Cooch's Bridge, a historic battle site of the American Revolutionary War. It then crosses Norfolk Southern's Delmarva Secondary railroad line and encounters DE 72.[2][3]

Passing this intersection, Old Baltimore Pike continues by residential subdivisions, gaining a center left-turn lane. The road intersects Salem Church Road as it heads through more suburban areas. Old Baltimore Pike reaches a junction with DE 273 in a wooded area. Then the road narrows to two lanes again and heads into the community of Christiana. Here, the road intersects DE 7, where it turns north and follows that route through residential areas. The road comes to an interchange with DE 1 to the west of the Christiana Mall, where DE 7 heads north along with DE 1 and Old Baltimore Pike reaches a dead end.[2][3]

History[edit]

The Old Baltimore Pike was built before 1720. The road was known as the Great Road and ran between Head of Elk (now Elkton, Maryland) and Christiana Bridge. It was later known as the Christiana-Elkton Turnpike before becoming Old Baltimore Pike. The road served as a major connection between Philadelphia and Baltimore in addition to providing access between the shipping area of Christiana Bridge and agricultural areas in northern Delaware, northern Maryland, and southeastern Pennsylvania.[4] In 1723, Welsh Tract settlers pushed for the road to be improved.[5] This road was used by the French army during their march from Newport, Rhode Island to Yorktown during the Revolutionary War, passing through the area in September 1781.[6]

The road, also known as Old Post Road, was incorporated in 1813 as the Elk and Christiana Turnpike in order to get more money for repairs. The turnpike was completed in April 1817. As a turnpike, tolls were collected to pay for the maintenance of the road. The construction of the New Castle and Frenchtown Railroad lowered the revenues of the turnpike and it became a public road again in 1838.[5] The road historically went through agricultural areas; however, over the years, the surroundings have become more developed.[4] Much of the Old Baltimore Pike remains two lanes.[5]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in New Castle County.

Location mi[1] km Destinations Notes
Newark 0.00 0.00 MD 281 west (Red Hill Road) – Elkton Maryland state line, western terminus
Glasgow 2.49 4.01 DE 896 (South College Avenue) – Newark, Middletown
3.32 5.34 DE 72 (Sunset Lake Road/South Chapel Street)
Christiana 7.10 11.43 DE 273 (Christiana Bypass) – Newark, New Castle
7.41 11.93 DE 7 south (Main Street) – Bear West end of DE 7 overlap
8.07 12.99 DE 1 / DE 7 north – Christiana, Stanton DE 1 exit 164, east end of DE 7 overlap
8.35 13.44 Dead end Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Staff (2011). "Traffic Count and Mileage Report: New Castle County" (PDF). Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 7, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Delaware Department of Transportation (2008). Delaware Official Transportation Map (PDF) (Map) (2008 ed.). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 22, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Google (July 9, 2010). "Old Baltimore Pike" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved July 9, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Public Information Handout - Cultural Resources Project Old Baltimore Pike from DE Route 273 (Christiana By-Pass) to DE Route 896 (Four Seasons Parkway)" (PDF). Delaware Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "Old Baltimore Pike". Pencader Heritage Area Association. Retrieved November 17, 2011. 
  6. ^ "W3R Heritage Tour in Delaware". Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route. The National Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route Association, Inc. April 17, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2010. 

Route map: Bing