Ellen Day Hale
|Ellen Day Hale|
Self-Portrait, oil on canvas, 1885, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
February 11, 1855|
|Died||February 11, 1940
|Works||Un Hiver Americain, An Old Retainer, A New England Girl, June|
Ellen Day Hale (February 11, 1855 Worcester, Massachusetts – February 11, 1940 Brookline, Massachusetts) was an American Impressionist painter and printmaker from Boston. She studied and lived in Paris and exhibited at the Paris Salon and in London, were she also lived, she exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts. Hale wrote the book History of Art: A Study of the Lives of Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian, and Albrecht Dürer.
Her father was author and orator Edward Everett Hale, her brother was Philip Leslie Hale and she was related to author Harriet Beecher Stowe, educator Catherine Beecher, and Revolutionary War soldier Nathan Hale.
Her parents were author and orator Edward Everett Hale and Emily Baldwin Perkins. Her father was from 1904, until 1909 when he died, Unitarian chaplin in the U.S. Senate. Philip Leslie Hale, her brother, and his wife, Lilian Wescott Hale, were painters. She was one of eight children, and she helped raise her siblings. Her mother became disabled, after which point she was hostess for her father when he was a chaplin to the U.S. Senate.
Her great aunt and author of Uncle Tom's Cabin was Harriet Beecher Stowe. Educator Catherine Beecher was also a great aunt. Nathan Hale, a Revolutionary War soldier was her great-great uncle. She was also related to writer and social reformer Charlotte Perkins Gilman.
Hale never married or had children and lived in Europe and the United States before settling down in her 50s.
Her aunt, Susan Hale, gave her her first lessons in art. She then studied under Bostonian William Rimmer, Helen M. Knowlton, and Boston painter William Morris Hunt. In Paris, she was greatly influenced by her studies between 1882 and 1885 at the Académie Julian[nb 1] and Académie Colarossi in Paris, one of the American women and men to studied art in Europe in the last quarter of the 19th century. She was taught at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1878 and 1879.
Hale was an Impressionist painter, who was best known for her figure paintings, including many portraits and self-portraits. She made sophisticated, aesthetic paintings with good command of light, shadow and technical skill. She exhibited at the Boston Art Club in 1876. In Europe, she lived in both London and Paris, where she exhibited at Paris Salon in 1885 her paintings An Old Retainer and Un Hiver Americain. In London's Royal Academy of Arts, she exhibited A New England Girl. Hale traveled to Italy and Spain. In the United States she lived in Boston. She was also a teacher.
In 1883, she met Gabrielle DeVeaux Clements who became a lifelong companion and taught her etching. Together they pioneered color etching in the United States in the late 1880s. Hale was very active in exhibiting her work, but only achieved marginal recognition of her art.
She made a self-portrait in 1885, which was described by an art critic, meaning to compliment her work, as displaying "a man’s strength." The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston: "Hale's forthright presentation, her strong dark colors, and the direct manner in which she engages the viewer recall the work of one of the French painters she most admired, Edouard Manet. Manet had been known for his confrontational images, strongly painted without subtle nuances of light and shadow." Hale returned to the United States from Paris in 1885 and exhibited paintings at the North, Central and South America Exposition in late 1885. She also participated in other world's fairs and traveling exhibitions.
Her works were shown in the latter part of the 20th century and early 21st century, in group exhibitions and in solo exhibitions of her work in 1989 to 1990 and in 2013's "Wanderer: Travel Prints by Ellen Day Hale".
- History of Art: A Study of the Lives of Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian, and Albrecht Dürer. Boston and Chicago: Charles H. Kerr & Co., G.H. Ellis. 1888. OCLC 32953577
- Ellen Day Hale. National Museum of Women in the Arts. February 17, 2014.
- Self-Portrait - Ellen Day Hale. Museum of Fine Arts. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1892). "Hale, John". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton
- American Women Artists 1830-1930. Washington, D.C.: The National Museum of Women in the Arts. 1987. ISBN 0-
- Works of Art in the United States Capitol Building, Charles Edward Fairman, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., 1913
- Kirsten Swinth. Painting Professionals: Women Artists & the Development of Modern American Art, 1870-1930. UNC Press Books; 2001. ISBN 978-0-8078-4971-2. p. 63.
- Phyllis Peet (1999). "Hale, Ellen Day". American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Early Vegetables, Charleston, S.C.. The Johnson Collection, Spartanburg, South Carolina. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Darcy J. Dapra. Ellen Day Hale: Homosociality and the Nineteenth-century Woman Artist. University of California, Davis; 2003.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ellen Day Hale.|