Ellenburg, New York
|Ellenburg, New York|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Richard A. F. Pearson, Jr. (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||107.4 sq mi (278.2 km2)|
|• Land||106.4 sq mi (275.7 km2)|
|• Water||1.0 sq mi (2.5 km2)|
|Elevation||1,398 ft (426 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||12933, 12935|
|GNIS feature ID||0978931|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2009)|
The town was first settled around 1800. Ellenburg is named for the daughter of John R. Murray, a landowner.
During the cold war, Ellenburg was home to two of the 12 AtlasICBM silos under the 556th Strategic Missile Squadron based out of the Plattsburgh Air Force Base. These silos were operational from 1962-1965.
In late 2004, a wind farm was proposed by Noble Environmental Power for the northern part of the town. Construction was expected to be completed by early 2007 however due to delays it began in the spring of 2008. Noble has also built wind farms in the neighboring towns of Altona and Chateaugay. Construction of the wind farms caused some controversy within the towns as many residents feel it may subtract from the natural beauty of the area. The wind farm includes 54 turbines producing a total output of 81 megawatts.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 107.4 square miles (278 km2), of which, 106.4 square miles (276 km2) of it is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) of it (0.90%) is water.
The west town line is the border of Franklin County.
U.S. Route 11 passes through the northeast part of the town. New York State Route 190 (Military Turnpike) is an east-west highway, intersecting US-11 at Ellenburg village. New York State Route 374 crosses the southwest corner of the town. Town Supervisor is Richard A. F. Pearson Sr. Not Jr. As listed.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,812 people, 703 households, and 485 families residing in the town. The population density was 17.0 people per square mile (6.6/km²). There were 941 housing units at an average density of 8.8 per square mile (3.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.79% White, 0.06% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.
There were 703 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,281, and the median income for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $29,063 versus $23,125 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,559. About 11.0% of families and 13.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Ellenburg
- Dannemora Crossing – A location at the east town line, east of Ellenburg village.
- Ellenburg – The hamlet of Ellenburg is in the northern part of the town on US-11.
- Ellenburg Center – A hamlet near the north town line.
- Ellenburg Depot – A hamlet east of Ellenburg on US-11 named for the former train depot.
- Ellenburg Mountain – A mountain in the southeast corner of the town.
- Gibson Corners – A location on the north town line in the northeast corner of Ellenburg.
- Hammonds Corners – A location on the east town line on NY-190.
- Harrigan – A hamlet in the northwest corner of the town inside the Adirondack Park.
- Lake Roxanne – A small man-made lake east of Ellenburg village.
- Merrill – A hamlet in the southwest corner on NY-374 of the town by Upper Chateaugay Lake.
- Point Bluff – A peninsula in Upper Chateaugay Lake.
- Upper Chateaugay Lake – Part of the lake is in the southwest corner of the town.
- Chazy Lake; south of the town, adjacent to Dannemora.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 117.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
Atlas F silos around Plattsburgh AFB operated by 556th Strategic Missile Squadron]