Ellesmere Port

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Coordinates: 53°16′44″N 2°53′49″W / 53.279°N 2.897°W / 53.279; -2.897

Ellesmere Port
Ellesmere Port - canal frontage - geograph.org.uk - 452590.jpg
Canal Village
Ellesmere Port is located in Cheshire
Ellesmere Port
Ellesmere Port
 Ellesmere Port shown within Cheshire
Population 64,100 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SJ4175
Unitary authority Cheshire West and Chester
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ELLESMERE PORT
Postcode district CH65, CH66
Dialling code 0151
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Ellesmere Port and Neston
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Ellesmere Port /ˈɛlzmɪərpɔrt/ is a large industrial town and port in Cheshire, England. It is situated South of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral on the banks of the Manchester Ship Canal, and to the north of the city of Chester. The town had a population of 64,100 as of the 2001 Census.

The town is primarily industrial, being dominated by an oil refinery at Stanlow and a former ICI chemical works. The town is also home to the Vauxhall Motors car factory, where the Astra range of cars is produced. There are a number of tourist attractions: the National Waterways Museum, the Blue Planet Aquarium and the Cheshire Oaks Designer Outlet.

History[edit]

The town of Ellesmere Port was founded as an outlet to the sea from Ellesmere, Shropshire and Wales' border area around Llangollen via a canal initially called the Ellesmere Canal. The canal was designed and engineered by William Jessop and Thomas Telford as part of a project to connect the rivers Severn, Mersey and Dee. The canal connected to the Mersey in the village of Netherpool, and the basin was known as Whitby Locks. The section between Whitby Locks and Chester was opened in 1795, connecting two of the rivers; but the connection to the Severn was never completed.

The village of Netherpool gradually changed its name to the Port of Ellesmere, and by the early 19th century, to Ellesmere Port. Settlements had existed in the area since the writing of the Domesday Book in the 11th century, which mentions Great Sutton, Little Sutton, Pool (now Overpool[1]) and Hooton. The first houses in Ellesmere Port itself, however, grew up around the docks and the first main street was Dock Street, which now houses the National Waterways Museum. Station Road, which connected the docks with the village of Whitby, also gradually developed and as more shops were needed, some of the houses became retail premises. As the expanding industrial areas growing up around the canal and its docks attracted more workers to the area, the town itself continued to expand.

Whitby lighthouse

By the mid-20th century, thanks to the opening of the Manchester Ship Canal in 1894 and the Stanlow Oil Refinery in the 1920s, the town had expanded so that it now incorporated the villages of Great and Little Sutton, Hooton, Whitby, Overpool and Rivacre as suburbs. The town centre itself had moved from the Station Road/Dock Street area, to an area that had once been home to a stud farm (indeed, the former Ellesmere Port and Neston Borough Council officially referred to the town centre as Stud Farm for housing allocation purposes) around the crossroads of Sutton Way/Stanney Lane and Whitby Road.

In the 20th century, a number of new housing estates were developed, many of them on the sites of former farms such as Hope Farm and Grange Farm. Many estates consisted of both council housing and privately owned homes and flats.

Present day[edit]

Ellesmere Port, in recent times has had an influx of Liverpool immigrants.Thus demand for housing increased with the opening of the Vauxhall Motors car plant in 1962. Opened as a components supplier to the Luton plant, passenger car production began in 1964 with the Vauxhall Viva.[2] Today the plant is now Vauxhall's only car factory in Britain, since the end of passenger car production at the Luton plant in 2004 (where commercial vehicles are still made). Ellesmere Port currently produces the Vauxhall Astra model on two shifts, employing 2,500 people.

In the mid-1980s, the Port Arcades, a covered shopping mall was built in the town centre, which complemented the erection of Lewis's store[citation needed] which was bought out by Asda prior to the completion of the Port Arcades. By the 1990s, it was the retail sector rather than the industrial that was attracting workers and their families to the town. This was boosted with the building of the Cheshire Oaks outlet village and the Coliseum shopping park, which also included a multiplex cinema; prior to this since the closure of the cinema in Station Road, Little Sutton (Queen's cinema) and the King's cinema adjacent to Ellesmere Port railway station in the 1960s the town's only cinema had been a single screen in the EPIC Leisure Centre.

The town continues to grow and expand, and more housing estates and shops are being built. The industrial sector is still a major employer in the town although in recent years, a number of factories have been closed and jobs lost. Marks & Spencer have built (September 2012) what is being claimed to be their largest store apart from Marble Arch on a site opposite to the Coliseum shopping park.

Governance[edit]

Civic Hall

Ellesmere Port was nearly included into the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in Merseyside, when that was formed on 1 April 1974. It was removed from the proposals before the Local Government Act 1972 had its first reading, and instead remained in Cheshire as part of the borough of Ellesmere Port and Neston.

Plans were announced which proposed combining the borough of Ellesmere Port and Neston with the Chester and Vale Royal districts to form a new "West Cheshire" unitary authority.[3] The new unitary authority came into being on 1 April 2009 as Cheshire West and Chester. The Conservatives won control of this council in shadow elections in May 2008, winning a majority of seats in the Ellesmere Port area for the first time.

At the national level, Ellesmere Port is part of the Ellesmere Port and Neston parliament constituency. The current MP is Andrew Miller (Labour).

Mayors[edit]

The following are the 4 most recent mayors of Ellesmere Port:

Name From To Age Ward From Notes
Gareth Anderson May 2010 May 2011 29 Ledsham and Manor Little Sutton
Angela Claydon May 2011 May 2012 47 St Pauls Excelsior Springs
Patricia Merrick May 2012 May 2013 56 Rossmore Hapsford
Bob Crompton May 2013 Present 57 Whitby Chester

Demography[edit]

White British 89%
White Irish 1%
White Other 0.7%
Mixed 0.4%
Asian 8%
Black 0.4%
Chinese 0.3%
Other 0.2%

Religion[edit]

The main religion of Ellesmere Port is Christianity with 70% of the population. 10.2% have no religion. 6.9% are unspecified. 8% are Muslim. 4.8% are Sikh and 0.1% are Buddhist.

Landmarks[edit]

  • Blue Planet Aquarium, largest aquarium in the UK 1998-1999.
  • Cheshire Oaks Designer Outlet, largest outlet village in the UK 1995–present, largest outlet village in Europe 1995-1998. It is the location of the UK's largest artificial Christmas tree, 90 feet (27 m) tall and 32 feet (9.8 m) wide.[4][5]
  • The Coliseum Retail Park, retail outlet located next to Cheshire Oaks Outlet.
  • Sports and Leisure Village, £15 million sports village due to open in late 2015.
  • Marks and Spencer, 2nd largest store in the UK.
  • National Waterways Museum, largest canal boat collection in the world.
  • Stanlow Oil Refinery, 2nd largest industrial space in the UK.

Geography[edit]

Localities of Ellesmere Port include:

Transport[edit]

Ellesmere Port is located near the interchange of the M56 and the M53 motorways. The A41 road between Birkenhead and Chester, also passes through the area. There is a bus station in the town centre with frequent services to Chester, Liverpool, Runcorn, Elton, Ince,and Neston. There are some services to Mold, North Wales. Occasional National Express coaches serve the bus station. Most services are operated by Arriva North West & Wales, First Chester & The Wirral, GHA Coaches and Helms of Eastham.

Route No. From To Via Frequency Company Days Operated Notes
1 Liverpool Chester Birkenhead, Cheshire Oaks Every 15 minutes Stagecoach All Week (Mon-Sun) Quality Partnership
2 Liverpool Chester Birkenhead, Hope Farm Every 10 minutes Arriva/Stagecoach Monday to Saturday Quality Partnership
272 Neston Ellesmere Port Willaston Hourly Helms of Eastham Monday to Saturday Saturday service extends to Cheshire Oaks
6 Glenwood Road Stanney Grange Bus Station Every 20 minutes GHA Coaches / Stagecoach Monday to Saturday
6R Stanney Grange Pacific Heights Bus Station one evening journey GHA Coaches Monday to Saturday one northbound evening journey daily
7/7A Rivacre Kendal Drive Bus Station Every 30 minutes GHA Coaches Monday to Saturday
36 Ellesmere Port Runcorn (Halton Lea) Helsby, Frodsham Every 30 minutes GHA Coaches All Week (Mon-Sun) Sunday service Ellesmere Port to Cheshire Oaks only
359 Neston High School Ellesmere Port Willaston 1 return journey on schooldays Helms of Eastham Monday to Friday
360 Neston High School Overpool Willaston 1 return journey on schooldays Helms of Eastham Monday to Friday
106 Little Sutton Cheshire Oaks Bus Station Hourly Arrowebrook Sundays Only
DB2 Ellesmere Port Saltney Ferry Chester Every 2 hours GHA Coaches Monday to Friday
SP1/SP2 Mold Ellesmere Port Deeside Every 30 minutes GHA Coaches Monday to Saturday SP1 via Mercia Drive. SP2 via Buckley Cross
X2 Ellesmere Port Chester Whitby Every 30 mins Arriva/Stagecoach Monday to Saturday Quality Partnership, Fast Service
PB1 Childer Crescent Rugby Road Bus Station Hourly PlusBus Monday to Friday
PB2 Grace Road Dolphin Crescent Train Station Hourly PlusBus Monday to Friday
- Ellesmere Port London/Birmingham/Pwlhelli - 1 daily National Express All Week (Mon-Sun)

Ellesmere Port railway station is on the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network and has a half-hourly electric train service to Chester and Liverpool. There is also an infrequent service to Helsby, with the route passing through Stanlow and Ince & Elton.

The Manchester Ship Canal joins the Mersey estuary north-west of Ellesmere Port at Eastham, but the town is also the northern terminus of the Shropshire Union Canal (which used to exchange goods with seagoing boats at what is now the National Waterways Museum).

Sports[edit]

Speedway racing operated at the stadium in Thornton Road in the mid to late 1970s and in the 1980s; as of March 2013, the stadium will be back in use for Greyhound Racing. Ellesmere Port Gunners raced in the lower tier Leagues. Ellesmere Port Town F.C was once of town's main football team before the founding of Vauxhall Motors F.C in 1963. Ellesmere Port Town F.C was founded in 1948 and folded in 1973. The club's main achievements were playing in the Northern Premier League (The 7th tier in the English Football Pyramid) and reaching the F.A Cup First Round in the 1971-1972 season, losing 3-0 to Boston United. Vauxhall Motors F.C. are the local football team.

In 2009 Eddie Izzard and his run around the UK for Sport Relief saw him pass through Little Sutton village centre and Hooton. The footage is only minutes long however.

In 2012 Ellesmere Port played host to the Paralympic Flame as part of the Paralympic Torch Relay celebrations. West Cheshire Colleges campus in Ellesmere Port was one of the drop off points for the flame as well as the EPIC leisure centre and the David Lloyd Leisure Centre. Events included sporting demonstrations and the parade of the Paralympic flame.[8]

Construction began in January 2014 for the new multi-million pound Sports Village in Stanney Grange which will incorporate an olympic sized swimming venue, tennis courts, football pitches and other sport halls. The village will be situated on site of the old Stanney high school by Cheshire Oaks, The Coliseum and M&S.

Notable people[edit]

The following people are natives of Ellesmere Port, or have lived there for a period of time.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harrison, Henry (1898). The place-names of the Liverpool district; or, the history and meaning of the local and river names of South-west Lancashire and of Wirral. Elliot Stock. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  2. ^ "Ellesmere Port car factory- Vauxhall, Opel". Factorytour.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  3. ^ Future of local government in Cheshire, Ellesmere Port & Neston Borough Council, retrieved 27 July 2007 
  4. ^ Andrew, James (2012-11-11). "Britain's largest Christmas tree goes up in Cheshire". Mail Online (Associated Newspapers Ltd). Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  5. ^ "Cheshire Oaks bosses plan huge Christmas event". The Chester Standard (NWN Media Ltd). 2012-10-24. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Our Place neighbourhood map". Cheshire West and Chester Council. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-22. 
  7. ^ "Topic Paper – Ellesmere Port – 2 National, regional and local context". Cheshire West and Chester Council. 2009. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  8. ^ "Ellesmere Port welcomes Paralympic flame". Chesterfirst (NWN Media). 2012-08-30. Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  9. ^ Rita Cullis: Biography (accessed 31 March 2010)

External links[edit]