|Earlier spellings||Eliott, Eliot, Elyot, Elwold|
|Place of origin||Scotland (~1300 AD)|
|Name origin and meaning||'With Strength and Right' or 'Bravely and Truly' or 'Boldly and Rightly'|
Elliot (also spelled Eliot, Elliott, Eliott and Elyot) is a personal name which can serve as either a surname or a given name. Although the given name was historically given to males, females named Elliot have increased from 414 in 2009 to 770 in 2013. The origin of the surname is obscure, perhaps due to much of the genealogy of the Eliott clan being burnt in the destruction of the castle at Stobs in 1712 AD. The clan society usually accepts that the name originated from the town and river Elliot in Angus, Scotland. Some other sources suggest it may be derived from a French form of Elias, which is itself derived from the biblical name "Elijah". Yet other sources claim that the Scottish surnames (Eliott, Elliot) originate from the Ellot Scottish border-clan, from a transformation of the name Elwold. There are also records in the Domesday Book of the name spelled "Ailiet", thought to originate from an old English name "Æþelgeat" (meaning "noble gate") and leading to the English and Scottish given name spelled "Elyat", which in turn leads to the modern alternative spelling of the name "Elyot".
The name Eliott is believed to derive from the village of Eliot in Angus although the Old English form of Elwold also appears in Scotland. Little is known of the early history of Clan Eliott because few records survive. This could be because Stobs Castle where clan records were kept was burned down in 1712.
Legend has it that the extra “t” in Eliott arose when a branch of the Eliotts adopted Christianity. The "t" was in reality meant to be a cross. The differences in spelling can be distinguished in this rhyme:
The double L and single T / Descent from Minto and Wolflee, / The double T and single L / Mark the old race in Stobs that dwell. / The single L and single T / The Eliots of St Germans be, / But double T and double L, / Who they are nobody can tell.
Robert Bell in The Book of Scots-Irish Family Names adds: “For double L and double T, / the Scots should look across the sea!” He pointed out that 71 of 76 births of children by that name in Ireland in 1890 spelt it “Elliott.” Elliot(t)s emigrated or were sent to Ireland in the early 17th century after the unification of the English and Scottish crowns. The Elliot(t)s were notorious reivers - cattle thieves - in the Scottish-English border area and, as such, a thorn in the side of both governments. Many settled in county Fermanagh.
Elliots and Armstrongs have always been closely related, and were two of the largest and most notorious of the border clans. The word "raiding" is apparently derived from the mispronounciation of the word "riding". Any time you saw an Elliot or an Armstrong on the back of a horse, they were probably up to no good, raiding. They were not friendly with any of the English nor many of the Scots. They held a special disdain for Highlanders, and many of the lowland Scots as well and well known for only pledging alligence to blood, not flags or kings.
According to folklore from the Viking Sagas Elliot and Armstrong were the names of the first twin boys born to an Icelandic princess and fathered by a polar bear. Legend has it that they were the first of the Vikings and there is a blood oath between the clans, that if one ever calls on the other in a time of need, they are bound by that oath, to kill or die for the other. There is an old tradition among the Christians in the clans, to baptize all male infants, immersing their entire bodies, save the right arm. In the case that they ever have to kill for the clan, they are to do it with their right arm only, and remove that arm, before (or at the time of) death, so as to meet their maker with a clear conscience. Hence the right arm holding the cutlass or falchion on the badge or crest.
It is generally agreed that spelling of the surname originated in the early 13th century as "Eliot" as there is reference to "Geoffrey Eliot", Abbot of Hyde, in documents linked to the creation of the Magna Carta.
Among the many famous people with this name are the authors T. S. Eliot and George Eliot (pseudonym of Mary Ann Evans). Jane Austen's last completed novel Persuasion includes characters belonging to the Elliot family of Kellynch Hall; Sir Walter Elliot, Bart., and his daughters Anne and Elizabeth.
Other people with variants of the name Elliot include:
- Lord Eliot or Baron Eliot - a title of the Earl of St Germans
- Darren Eliot, Historic NHL Canadian goal tender
- George Eliot, English novelist - pseudonym of Mary Ann Evans
- Eliot family (America) - an influential American family, containing many of the Eliots listed below. One of the Boston Brahmins, they are descended from the Eliot family of Somerset.
- Charles William Eliot (1834–1926), educator and President of Harvard University
- Charles Eliot (diplomat), full name: Charles Norton Edgcumbe Eliot (1862–1931)
- T. S. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot, American/British author
- Arthur Elliott (footballer), English footballer
- Bill Elliott, American racing driver
- Bob Elliott (disambiguation), multiple people
- Brian Elliott (Hockey), Active Canadian NHL goal tender
- C. Thomas Elliott, a leading scientist in the fields of narrow gap semiconductor and infrared detector research
- Casey Elliott, American racing driver
- Chase Elliott, American racing driver
- Chris Elliott, American actor
- Denholm Elliott (1922-1992), British Actor
- Ebenezer Elliott (1781-1849), English poet
- Edward Eugene Elliott (1917-1991), American Chemical Engineer, Invented formula for polyurethane from oil slag (with others)
- Edwin Bailey Elliott, English mathematician
- Fiona Smith (Elliott), English female badminton medallist
- Fred Elliott, (1903-1982) Historic Canadian Hockey player (1917 Ottawa Senators)
- Granville Elliott (1713–1759), British army general
- Harry Elliott (disambiguation), multiple people
- Henry Wood Elliott, American environmentalist
- Herb Elliott, champion Australian middle distance runner
- Herbert Elliott (1877-1973), English cricketer
- Jack Elliott (rugby player) (1871–1938), Wales international rugby player
- James William Elliott (1833–1915), composer and collector of nursery-rhymes
- James "Jumbo" Elliott (1900-1970), American historic baseball pitcher
- Jane Elliott, American teacher and anti-racism activist
- Joe Elliott, Lead singer for the band Def Leppard
- John C. Elliott, 39th Governor of American Samoa
- Ivan A. Elliott, American politician
- Robert G. Elliott, State electrician, i.e. Executioner
- Keith Elliott (1916–1989), New Zealand recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Lloyd Hartman Elliott (1918–2013), American academic
- Martin Elliott (1946–2010), British photographer
- Missy Elliott, American hip hop vocalist
- Peter Elliott (disambiguation), multiple people
- Pierre Elliott Trudeau, 15th Prime Minister of Canada
- Ralph Nelson Elliott, American accountant who developed the Wave Principle
- Richard Allan Elliott, (1941-2005) American Electrical Test Engineer
- Robert "Mr.Team" Elliott(1916-1966), American historic baseball player
- Robert Elliott (disambiguation), multiple people
- Roger Elliott (1665–1714), British army general
- Roger James Elliott (1928–), British physicist
- Sam Elliott, American actor
- Stefan Elliott Current Canadian Hockey player
- Ted Elliott (disambiguation), multiple people
- Wade Elliott, British football player
- Will Elliott, Australian author
- Poly Styrene, (1957 - 2011) Marianne Joan Elliott-Said, British Musician
- Lord Eliott - a title of the Baronet of Stobs
- George Augustus Eliott, 1st Baron Heathfield (1717–1790), the defender of Gibraltar
- Adam Elliot - Australian Academy Award Winner (1972 - )
- Lord Elliot - a title of the Earl of Minto
- Little Jock Elliot, Scottish border ballad
- (Mama) Cass Elliot (1941–1974), American singer - pseudonym of Ellen Naomi Cohen
- Charles Elliot (1801–1875), British diplomat
- Sir Edmund Halbert Elliot (1854–1926)
- Edward Hay Mackenzie Elliot (1852–1921), Scottish amateur footballer who played against England in 1871 and 1872
- Sir Francis Elliot (1851–1940), British diplomat, envoy to Greece
- George Elliot (disambiguation)
- Helen Elliot (1927–2013), Scottish table tennis player
- Jane Evans Elliot (1820-1886), American Civil War memoirist
- Jim Elliot (1927–1956), American missionary
- Justine Elliot, Australian politician
- Robert Elliot (disambiguation), English/Irish Footballer
- Robert Henry Elliot, Scottish agriculturalist
- Walter Elliot (disambiguation)
- Sir Thomas Elyot (1490–1546), British diplomat and scholar
- Elliott Abrams, American diplomat, lawyer and political scientist
- Elliot Abravanel, American physician and diet counselor
- Elliot Anderson, American politician and a Democratic member of the Nevada Assembly
- Elliot Aronson, American psychologist
- Elliot Balchin, actor who has had roles in various British television series
- Elliott Belgrave, Barbadian citizen and retired High Court Judge
- Elliot Benyon, English footballer
- Elliot Bigelow, right fielder in Major League Baseball
- Elliot Brown (actor), English actor
- Elliot Bunney, Scottish athlete
- Elliot Caplin (1913-2000), American comic strip writer
- Elliott Carter, American composer
- Elliot Chorley, former Canadian ice hockey right winger
- Elliott J. Clawson (1883-1942), American screenwriter
- Eliot A. Cohen, Robert E. Osgood Professor of Strategic Studies at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University
- Elliot E. Cohen (1899-1959), founder-editor of Commentary Magazine
- Elliot D. Coleman (1881-1963), cotton planter and law-enforcement officer
- Elliott Colla, American scholar of the Middle East
- Elliot Cowan, English actor
- Elliot Daingerfield (1859-1932), American artist
- Elliot Daly, English rugby union footballer
- Elliot Davis, British composer, musician, and music documentary maker
- Elliot Dee, Welsh rugby union player
- Elliot del Borgo (1938-2013), American composer for winds and strings
- Elliot Dixon, professional rugby union player
- Elliot N. Dorff, Conservative rabbi
- Elliot Easton, lead guitarist for the Cars
- Elliot Eisner, American educational theorist and art educator
- Eliot Engel, U.S. Representative for New York's 16th congressional district
- Elliott Erwitt, advertising and documentary photographer
- Elliot Evans, English teen pop singer
- Elliot Gleave, British singer/rapper
- Elliot Goldenthal, American composer
- Elliott Gould, American actor
- Elliott Hundley (born 1975), American artist
- Elliot Levine, (born 1963), American jazz keyboardist
- Elliott Maddox (born 1947), American major league baseball player
- Elliot McAdam, former Australian politician
- Elliott Miles McKinley (born 1969), American composer
- Elliott Murphy (born 1949), American singer-songwriter and novelist
- Eliot Ness (1903–1957), American prohibition agent
- Elliot Pennington, American figure skater
- Elliot Richardson, American politician
- Elliott Sadler, American NASCAR driver
- Elliott Smith (1969–2003), American singer-songwriter
- Eliot Spitzer, American politician
- Elliott Whitehouse (born 1993), English footballer
- Elliott Yamin, American singer and former American Idol participant
- Elliott Taylor, a male main character in the film E T: the Extra-Terrestrial
- Elliott, a character in the film Flight of the Phoenix, played by Giovanni Ribisi
- Elliot Edwards, one of two protagonists in the Sega Saturn video game NiGHTS into Dreams...
- Elliot Reid, a female character in Scrubs
- Elliot Richards, the protagonist in the 2000 remake of the film Bedazzled, played by Brendan Fraser
- Elliot Stabler (Law & Order: Special Victims Unit)
- Elliot Vaughn, the antagonist in the film Vertical Limit, played by Bill Paxton
- Eliot Spencer (Leverage)
- Eliot family
- "History". elliotclan.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "The Elliot Name - Elliot Clan Society". elliotclan.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Sir Thomas Elyot". carlton-cambridgeshire.org.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Elliot – Boy Name or Girl Name?". nancy.cc. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- http://www.ssa.gov/oact/babynames/limits.html Note, this sums the six spellings of the name given in the "nancy" reference.
- Dee Elliott-Wakefield. "Clan Elliot Society, USA - (A Brief History of the Elliot Clan)". elliotclanusa.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Mike Campbell. "Behind the Name: Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Elliot". Behind the Name. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Elliot Clan Society - Elliot History
- "Surname Database: Ilett Last Name Origin". The Internet Surname Database. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "EAWC Anthology: The Magna Carta". evansville.edu. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial". IMDB. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Flight of the Phoenix". IMDB. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Bedazzled". IMDB. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Vertical Limit". IMDB. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
|This page or section lists people with the surname Elliot. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|