According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 13.91 square miles (36.0 km2), of which 13.89 square miles (36.0 km2) (or 99.86%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) (or 0.14%) is water.
Ellisville Station, a mining community on Narrow Gauge Railroad until the 1920s, consisted of a railroad depot, grocery store, butcher shop and barber shop plus numerous company-owned miner's houses. The mining company went under and the town vanished. It lasted from 1896 to about 1926. From 1909-1913 it had a post office here.
Mount Pisgah Park, a 40 acre tract located southeast of Ellisville, IL, was owned by Fulton County until September, 2009, when it was sold at public auction. The new owner, John Wiemers is maintaining the property as a recreational site now known as "Mount Pisgah . . .a peaceful place."