Elmalı

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other places with the same name, see Elmalı (disambiguation).
Elmalı
District
Nickname(s): Hazinelerin Anavatanı
("The Motherland of Treasures")
Elmalı is located in Turkey
Elmalı
Elmalı
Location of Elmalı
Coordinates: 36°44′N 29°54′E / 36.733°N 29.900°E / 36.733; 29.900Coordinates: 36°44′N 29°54′E / 36.733°N 29.900°E / 36.733; 29.900
Country  Turkey
Region Mediterranean
Province Antalya
Incorporated 1868
Government
 • Mayor Hüseyin Altıntaş (MHP)
 • Governor Veysel Yurdakul
Area[1]
 • District 1,647.36 km2 (636.05 sq mi)
Elevation 1,100 m (3,500 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 15,230
 • District 37,783
 • District density 23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 07700
Area code(s) (0090)+ 242
Licence plate 07
Website www.elmali.bel.tr www.elmali.gov.tr
Historic streets of Elmalı

Elmalı is a town and district in Antalya Province, the Mediterranean region of Turkey. It lies about 35 km (22 mi) inland, near the town of Korkuteli and 110 km (68 mi) west of the city of Antalya. In 2007, the population for the whole district was 36.213, of which 14,038 live in the town of Elmalı.

Formerly known as Kabalı and Emelas.

Geography[edit]

Elmalı is a small plateau at the head of a long upland valley in the Beydağları range of the western Taurus Mountains, surrounded by high peaks including the 2500m Elmalı Mountain. Aside from the town of Elmalı, the district includes two other small towns (Akçay and Yuva) as well as villages. The area is watered by streams running off the mountains. Although close to the Mediterranean, Elmalı is high in the mountains and has an inland climate of cold winters and hot summers, (although still much cooler than the coast). Near to Lake Avlan there is an area of cedar forest, rare in Turkey.

Villages[edit]

History[edit]

Excavations, by Machteld Mellink from Bryn Mawr College, of the burial mounds of Semahöyük and Müren have shown signs of copper production dating back to 2500 BC. The area was later a key town in the north of the antique province of Lycia, and the Lycian Way trade route came through here. It was a small town of Asia Minor in the vilayet of Konia in the Ottoman era, then the administrative centre of the ancient Lycia, but not itself corresponding to any known ancient city. According to Britannica, the town was inhabited by direct descendants of the ancient Lycians, who had preserved a distinctive facial type, noticeable at once in the town population. There were about fifty Greek families, the rest of the population (4000) being Moslem (as of 1911). The plain was subsequently controlled by the Ancient Romans, Byzantines, and the Seljuk Turks. The town was the headquarters of Beylik of Teke clan of Anatolian beyliks when it was brought into the Ottoman Empire at the time of Sultan Bayezid I. It remained a key mountain stronghold in the Ottoman period and through the early years of the Turkish republic, but has declined as recent generations have left the dry mountainside for jobs on the coast or in Turkey's major cities.

Demographics[edit]

According to 2010 census the town has 14.636 and its villages have 23.120 inhabitants. In 2000 the population of the town was 14.600 and the villages had 25.440 inhabitants.[3]

Elmalı has 2 municipalities (Akçay and Yuva) and 49 villages.

The population of inhabited places is as follows according to 2007 census(Municipalities are shown in bold)

Town/Village Population(as of 2007)
Elmalı 14.038
Ahatlı 361
Akçainiş 745
Akçay 1.721
Armutlu 333
Avşar 271
Bayındır 317
Bayralar 841
Beyler 253
Bozhüyük 821
Büyüksöğle 405
Çalpınar 415
Çaybaşı 384
Çobanisa 183
Çukurelma 308
Dereköy 101
Düdenköy 582
Eskihisar 899
Eymir 584
Geçitköy 177
Geçmen 287
Gökpınar 617
Gölova 451
Göltarla 170
Gümüşyaka 156
Hacımusalar 190
Hacıyusuflar 62
Imırcık 150
İslamlar 462
Karaköy 66
Karamık 363
Kışlaköy 394
Kızılca 88
Kocapınar 271
Kuzuköy 125
Küçüksöğle 265
Macun 221
Mursal 382
Ovacık 95
Özdemir 583
Pirhasanlar 332
Salur 456
Sarılar 171
Tavullar 276
Tekkeköy 1.067
Yakaçiftlik 469
Yalnızdam 291
Yapraklı 224
Yılmazlı 374
Yörenler 64
Yuva 2.559
Zümrütova 793
Total 36.213

Elections[edit]

2007 General Elections(Parties with more than %5)[edit]

Party Number of Votes Percentage(%)
AKP 7.880 31,90
CHP 7.686 31,81
MHP 4.576 18,52
DP 3.157 12,78
Turnover %89,90

Elmalı today[edit]

The district's economy is largely agricultural; 37% of the land is planted. In keeping with its name, (literally apple-town) Elmalı produces 12% of the Turkey's apples. Other fruit and vegetables are grown here too, the local leblebi (dried chick peas) is delicious.

Few tourists come to Elmalı although the town is beginning to attract visitors thanks to its rich traditional architecture and beautiful mountain surroundings; these people are either day-trippers or passing through en route to the Mediterranean coast, but do bring important income to the area. Also some residents of the coastal towns such as Finike, Fethiye or Kaş have holiday homes in Elmalı, a retreat from the summer heat on the coast. There is little industry or manufacturing in the district, only a brickworks, flour and feed mills, and a fruit juice plant.

Most people live in cottages and wooden houses, but there are some apartment buildings in Elmalı itself, a small town of 14,500 people with banks and other essential services. The infrastructure in the villages is basically little more than telephones, and elementary schools. Each village used to have a traditional guest house (köy evi) but many are in disrepair today.

The cuisine is typical of Anatolia, you will find ladies grilling the flat bread gözleme by the roadside, but Elmalı is known for its various ways of using sesame, including baked beans served with a lemon and sesame relish (Antalya usulu piyaz). Another local speciality is a goats milk ice-cream. And of course one of the most delicious things in Elmalı is the cool mountain spring water. Or a glass of tea made with it.

Places of interest[edit]

  • There are a number of mosques, prayer schools and other buildings from the Beylik of Teke and the Ottoman periods. Of particular interest are the library containing a collection of Ottoman writings and the mosque and medrese (prayer school) of Ömer Paşa, (1602), student of the great Ottoman architect, Mimar Sinan. There is an earlier, Seljuk period minaret opposite the mosque. Other Ottoman buildings include the tombs of Abdül Vehhat and Abdal Musa; the mosque of Sinan-i Ümmi; the Turkish bath, Bey Hamamı; the fountain of Çatalçeşme, (in the centre, behind the broken minaret).
  • Recent excavation has revealed a great number of tombs and relics from antique Lycia, and even earlier.
  • The Lycian castle of Gilevgi, between the villages of Gilevgi and Çobanisa.

There are of course many places for picnics in the forest and there is an oil wrestling tournament in the first week of September.

Elmalı Treasures[edit]

(Elmalı Hazinesi) is the name commonly given in Turkey to an important find of antique treasure; 1,900 silver coins (including 1,100 from Lydia and 14 extremely rare decadrachms) from the Delian League. They were discovered during an illegal excavation in 1984 in Bayındır village, Elmalı and smuggled to the U.S. Their retrieval from the Boston Museum of Fine Arts through the efforts of the journalist Özgen Acar and the Turkish government made the headlines in late 1990s. Today, the coins are on exhibit in Elmalı Museum.[4]

Well-known residents[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Statistical Institute
  4. ^ Museum Security Mailinglist Reports

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.