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Oliphant originally attended Washington High School in Washington, IN, but transferred to Linton High School in Linton, IN during his junior year. He graduated from Linton in 1910. Honors earned in high school included being named an All State End in Football and Captain of the State Championship Track Team in 1910.
- At Purdue University: 7 official Varsity letters in football, basketball, baseball and track. Also swam and wrestled at Purdue.
- At West Point: 11 official Varsity letters in football, basketball, baseball, and track. He also had 3 monograms in boxing, swimming and hockey.
- He was the first at Purdue and West Point to letter in four major sports.
- Helms Athletic Foundation All-American in Basketball – 1913–1914 for Purdue and 1914–1915 for Army
- Walter Camp All-American in Football – 1915 (2nd team) and 1916 (1st team)
- First Team All American in Football – Consensus – 1916 & 1917
- All-Time All American Team in Football – Named by Knute Rockne
- Two Time All-Western (now Big Ten) – 1912 & 1913
- Army Athletic Association Trophy Winner – 1918
- Edgerton Saber and Athletic Association Saber – 1918
- Established World Record in 220-yard low hurdles on grass while at West Point.
- At Purdue, still holds Individual Record for Scoring in a game in 1912 with 43 points.
- At West Point, still is the Single Season Leader in Scoring at West Point with 125 in 1917 and holds the Individual Record for Scoring in a game in 1916 with 45 points.
- Won NFL scoring title in 1921; led league in points (47), FGs (5) and PATs (26).
- Won NFL TD title in 1921; throwing 7 touchdowns for the Buffalo All-Americans.
- Appointed track coach at West Point by Douglas MacArthur
- Athletic Director at Union College, Schenectady, NY 1922–24
- AAU coach and helped prepare the Americans for the 1924 Olympics in Paris.
Identified as one of the greatest scorers in collegiate history. Credited with a total of 435 points in his college career – 135 at Purdue and 300 at Army. The track and football field area at Linton-Stockton High School was called Oliphant Field from at least the date the school was occupied in 1922 (and perhaps as early as 1918) until 1980. He was selected as Indiana’s Finest Amateur Athlete by the Helms Foundation in 1958 and was selected for the FWAA Early-Day All-Time All-America Team in 1969.
- 1955 Topps All-American Set, #45 Elmer Oliphant.
- Comic Book
- January 1943 Vol. 1 No. 11 Doc Savage Comic – "Doc Savage Fights the Giants of Destruction" (title of this issue) with a section on: "The Thrilling Story of West Point’s Most Famous Athlete Four Letter Man Ollie Oliphant".
- "Oliphant Football Game" from The Coaches Game Inc. dated 1933 which is a board game.
Halls of Fame
- Helms Athletic Foundation Hall of Fame in 1953
- National Football Foundation Hall of Fame in 1955
- College Football Hall of Fame in 1955
- Indiana Football Hall of Fame in 1975
- Purdue Intercollegiate Athletics Hall of Fame in 1997
- Kappa Sigma Fraternity Hall of Fame, Chi Chapter of Purdue in 1997
- Army Sports Hall of Fame (U.S. Military Academy at West Point), their Inaugural Class in 2004
He was born in Bloomfield, Indiana to Marion Elsworth Oliphant and Alice V. Quillen Oliphant in 1892. He began school in Bloomfield but the family moved to Washington, Indiana when he was eight or nine. Elmer Oliphant transferred to Linton High School from Washington High School during his junior year. His father’s gristmill partner had absconded with $62,000 in company funds. The family moved back to the Linton area and he worked part-time in the coal mines to help with family finances. Although the teams weren’t called “The Miners” when he graduated from Linton in 1910; he was a real Linton Miner.
He was nicknamed Catchy. That may be because he excelled as a catcher, outfielder and power hitter in baseball. It could also be because the dictionary has one meaning of catchy as “having the power to catch the attention.” Supposedly one time he was playing center field for the Linton team, called a time-out, hurried to the nearby cinder track and won the 100-yard dash. Then, he returned to his position in center field and the game continued. The Indiana Football Hall of Fame states that he was All-State End while at Linton High School. He scored a school record of 60 points as Linton defeated rival Sullivan by a whopping 128–0 score. This was listed in his obituary in the Indianapolis Star.
He was captain of the track team and led the team to the State Championship for 1909 – 1910. That trophy won May 21, 1910 and the Big Four Meet trophy won May 14, 1910 are still in the trophy case in the commons with Capt. Oliphant’s name engraved on them. Members of the team wore a diamond shape with a large “L” in the center on their shirts and that picture is also on display. This is still the only time Linton High School has had an Indiana State Championship.
He entered Purdue University, but not on a scholarship. Instead, he waited tables, carried laundry, stoked furnaces, and sold shoes to earn his way. He continued to develop strength and toughness by working as a coal miner during his summer vacations. An end as a freshman, he was a starting halfback for his final three seasons at the school and distinguished himself as a runner and kicker. In one game, he single-handedly beat Wisconsin by kicking a game winning field goal with a broken ankle to give the Boilermakers a 3–0 victory and then fainted in pain. Only 5’7” and 174 pounds, he belied his build with outstanding speed and power. In football, he helped turn Purdue's football into a winning program.
An excellent student (and perhaps to extend his time in football), he received an appointment to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point upon his graduation.
At West Point, he was the first cadet athlete to letter in four major sports and it required a special act of the Athletic Council to design a suitable varsity letter containing a gold star and three stripes for him. Back at the turn of the 20th century, the criteria to receive a letter was very strict. He also monogrammed in hockey, boxing, and swimming which meant that he wasn’t able to participate fully in those sports but was recognized. At that, he is listed as a Champion Boxer in the Corps of Cadets.
He still holds records that have never been broken. He has the individual record for scoring in a single football game at Purdue which was for 43 points in 1912. At West Point he is the season leader with 125 points in 1917 and holds an individual record for scoring with 45 points in 1916. During his college career, he scored 135 points at Purdue and 289 points at West Point and is identified as one of the greatest scorers in collegiate history. (2006 data)
While at West Point he won the Army Athletic Association Trophy. (He won in 1918. 2004 was the 100th year the trophy was given.) He also won the Edgerton Saber as football captain and the Army Athletic Association Saber as the outstanding athlete. Forty-four years after he left Indiana, the Helms Foundation asked sports writers and experts to select Indiana’s Finest Amateur Athlete and Oliphant was selected. In 1969, which was the 100th anniversary of the game, the Football Writers Association of America came up with two 11 man teams. The FWAA Early-Day All-Time All-America Team (1869 to 1919) includes Oliphant. He was the only member of that team still living and attended the ceremony. One team represented the first 50 years and the second team represented the next.
He has been inducted into several Halls of Fame. The most recent induction occurred on October 6, 2004. He was in the inaugural group of sixteen inducted into the Army Sports Hall of Fame at West Point. A color copy of the plaque is on display in the commons at Linton-Stockton High School. The base of the plaque is black with a shape that has forms taken from castle architecture such as crenellation. This is perhaps to tie in the plaque to the team name which is “The Black Knights”. In 2006, of the 4.5 million who have played college football in the 138 year history of the game; only 813 players had been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.
On graduation day, June 12, 1918, he married Barbara "Bobbie" Benedict. World War I changed priorities at West Point and they reverted to purely military instruction during war time. Among his duties, he served in the U.S. Cavalry for one year at Fort Sill in Oklahoma. While in military service at West Point in 1919, he invented the intramural sports system as we know it today. The idea was copied by the Naval Academy and was soon used in colleges and universities across the country. He was appointed track instructor at West Point by Douglas MacArthur who was the Superintendent after returning from World War I. MacArthur later was Supreme Allied Commander of the Southwest Pacific Theater of Operations (term used for all military activity in that area) during World War II and accepted the surrender of Japan in September 1945. Oliphant knew many generals including General Lucius Clay, “Father of the Berlin Air Lift”, who roomed across the hall from him at West Point and General then President Dwight David Eisenhower who corresponded with him, calling him “Ollie” which was his college nickname.
Oliphant played for the Rochester Jeffersons in 1920 and the Buffalo All-Americans in 1921. They were some of the first members of what is now the NFL (National Football League). After the 1921 season, Oliphant retired from active participation in sports. He was the Athletic Director at Union College in Schenectady, New York for two years.
In 1925, Oliphant joined the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Through tremendous drive and ambition, he became one of the highest salaried executives and headed the group insurance division in the New York area. He retired in 1957 and died in 1975.
Although he is virtually forgotten today, he was known to every sports fan in the first quarter of the 20th century. There is a 1955 Topps All-American collectible sports card with his picture and a Street and Smith comic book featured him in 1943 with a section “The Thrilling Story of West Point’s Most Famous Athlete Four Letter Man, Ollie Oliphant.” A board game that featured a picture of him inside a football shape on the cover is dated from 1933. It is titled "Oliphant Football Game" and was produced by The Coaches Game Inc. of New York City. In the 100 Greatest Players of All Time (in an article that thanks the College Football Hall of Fame for their help), he is #78. His name is mentioned in two well-known films “The Long Gray Line” (1955) and “Knute Rockne, All American” (1940)
His picture once hung in the Linton-Stockton High School gym and from 1918 (or at least 1922) until 1980, Oliphant Field (now Roy Williams Field) was the name of the athletic field (football and track area). In 2006, plaques were placed in the gym foyer representing those who are in the Indiana Football Hall of Fame from Linton, so his name is once again prominently displayed in the town of Linton, Indiana.
“If the Indiana moon was shining, he’d hurdle or hand vault a few fences. Farmers coming into town told about the running-leaping figure in white that scared their horses and cows.” This is about his high school years and refers to what he would do when he had finished his 15 hour day of coal mining in the summer time. “Ollie always has liked to talk at length about his exploits. But he’s aware of it and sometimes kids himself. “McEwan and Cowboy Meacham and myself,” he says, “all taught Sunday school to the kids on the Post. One Sunday morning a little girl was asked by her daddy after she got home: What did you learn today, honey? “Daddy,’ she said, “I learned all about Jesus Christ and Elmer Q. Oliphant.” It is from Gridiron Grenadiers (1948) by Tom Cohane
“You can’t ‘divide’ a boy –the mental, moral, and physical should go hand in hand, athletics, church, books.” (quote of Oliphant) As a plebe Oliphant was superintendent of Sunday School at West Point. He became the first to include the children of the colored soldier in the classes, in addition to opening the way for the children of all enlisted men. “I am happy to say this type of selection is still going on.” Elmer writes. In recent years Oliphant has been converted to Catholicism and at 66 years of age he works just as hard for the church as he did years ago as a Sunday School Superintendent.” This is from the Lafayette Journal & Courier (newspaper) June 18, 1958 Graham Crackers (column) by Gordon Graham
- ‘Catchy’ Oliphant may have been Greene County’s best by Nick Schneider, The Linton Daily Citizen, February 2, 2004.
- Elmer Oliphant by Ray Schmidt, College Football Historical Society Newsletter, November 1996.
- www.footballresearch.com by Bob Carroll.
- A Who’s Who of Sports Champions Their Stories & Records by Ralph Hickok, 1995.
- Elmer Quillen Oliphant – Sports Legend by Dale Leslie French, 2005.
- Information Office of the Athletic Department at Purdue, University, September 30, 2004.
- The Story of West Point Football GRIDIRON GRENADIERS by Tim Cohane, 1948.
- The National Football Foundation’s College Football Hall of Fame
- The Army Sports Hall of Fame
- The Purdue Intercollegiate Athletics Hall of Fame
- The Indiana Football Hall of Fame