Elmira (town), New York
|Elmira, New York|
|— Town —|
|Elmira Heights Village Hall, Elmira Heights, NY. Located within that part of the Village of Elmira Heights which lies in the Town of Horseheads, this pretty building is not in the Town of Elmira.|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||David Sullivan|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||22.6 sq mi (58.5 km2)|
|• Land||22.3 sq mi (57.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||1,178 ft (359 m)|
|• Density||310/sq mi ( 120/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978939|
The Town of Elmira is in the south-central part of the county, surrounding the City of Elmira on three sides. The town is in the Southern Tier of New York. It is part of the Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The Town of Elmira was formed from the Town of Chemung in 1794 as the Town of Newtown. In 1808, the town changed its name to Elmira.
The community of Elmira set itself off from the town in 1828, becoming the Village of Elmira. The village, absorbing more of the town over the years, became the City of Elmira in 1864.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.6 square miles (58.5 km²), of which, 22.3 square miles (57.7 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it (1.24%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,199 people, 3,019 households, and 2,049 families residing in the town. The population density was 323.0 people per square mile (124.7/km²). There were 3,183 housing units at an average density of 142.8 per square mile (55.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.31% White, 1.49% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.
There were 3,019 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,641, and the median income for a family was $56,772. Males had a median income of $37,676 versus $29,473 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,335. About 3.1% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 0.7% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Elmira 
- East Elmira – A hamlet in the southeast corner of the town at the junction of County Roads 1 and 2.
- Elmira – The City of Elmira, occupying the southwest part of the town.
- Elmira Heights The south part of the Village of Elmira Heights.
- Newtown Battlefield Park – An historical park in the southeast part of the town.
- West Elmira – A hamlet southwest of the City of Elmira on NY-352, next to the Chemung River.
Notable people 
Elmira is the birthplace of film director Hal Roach.
- "Table 2: Total Population Change for New York Local Government Areas, 2000 to 2010" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. p. 5.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Town of Elmira official external website
- Tri-Counties Genealogy & History: Town & City of Elmira, Chemung County NY