Elmton

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Elmton
Elmton - Church.jpg
Elmton Church
Elmton is located in Derbyshire
Elmton
Elmton
 Elmton shown within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK503733
Civil parish Elmton-with-Creswell
District Bolsover
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WORKSOP
Postcode district S80
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 53°15′18″N 1°14′49″W / 53.255°N 1.247°W / 53.255; -1.247

Elmton is a linear village in the parish of Elmton-with-Creswell in the Bolsover district of Derbyshire approximately equidistant from Bolsover Castle and Creswell Crags.

History[edit]

There is evidence of human habitation in the area from the Ice Age,[1][2][3] an Iron Age fort[4] and possibly a Roman camp.[5] A Roman ring found in Elmton is on display in Chesterfield Museum and Art Gallery. The village was named Helmetune in Anglo Saxon times after the large number of elm trees that were once a major feature. By the time of the Domesday Survey in 1086 the village was a manor belonging to Walter D'Aincourt.[6] The Victoria County History has published a detailed online account of the history of Elmton from ancient times.[7]

In 1707, Jedediah Buxton, the legendary mental calculator, was born here (a blue plaque was erected in his honour in 2011 after a public poll).[8]

Much of the village was rebuilt in the middle of the 19th century when the local estate changed ownership: the 1886/7 Ordnance Survey map shows the village soon after this period.[9] Although there has been some redevelopment and infilling since WW2, the village remains similar in size and form to this day. Once belonging to the Dukes of Portland of Welbeck Abbey, the surrounding tenant farms today form part of the estates of Chatsworth House.

Village wells are decorated with flowers in the Derbyshire well dressing tradition in late June / early July each year.

Elmton has been voted Best Small Village in the East Midlands in Bloom competition in 2010 and 2011, with a Judges Award in 2011 for measures to protect the Bee Orchid.[10] The Elm Tree Inn, Elmton has been voted the Best Traditional Pub in Derbyshire at the Derbyshire Food and Drinks Awards 2011.[11]

Natural history[edit]

The church and most of the older properties are built out of the local magnesian limestone. The limestone provides a habitat with rare flora and fauna, such as the Bee Orchid. The village is also close to the limestone valleys and gorges of Hollinhill and Markland Grips, a nature reserve and Site of Special Scientific Interest managed by Derbyshire Wildlife Trust.[12]

The elm trees that gave the village its name fell victim to Dutch Elm Disease and were felled in the 1970s. On 17 November 2012, residents planted a sapling on the village green from an elm that withstood the disease in honour of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee.

Church[edit]

The Anglican parish church is dedicated to St Peter. It was rebuilt in 1773; it is a simple Georgian building with an unfinished tower and a pulpit with a sounding board.[13] It contains an organ made by Charles Brindley of Sheffield in 1865, which was restored by Martin Goetze and Dominic Gwynn in 2005.[14] The church contains a drawing of Jedediah Buxton made by a Miss Maria Hartley in 1764.

References[edit]

External links[edit]