Elmwood Park, Philadelphia
Elmwood Park, also known simply as Elmwood, is a neighborhood in the Southwest section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. It borders the city line with Delaware County at Cobbs Creek, and extends to the Schuylkill River. The Eastwick neighborhood borders it to the southwest, and Kingsessing borders it on the northeast.
Poles and Irish Americans had long been the majority in the neighborhood, organized around Catholic parishes established throughout the early to mid 20th century.
In 1985, Mayor Wilson Goode declared a state of emergency as white rioters demonstrated outside two houses in Elmwood, creating an "imminent danger of civil disturbance." One home had been sold to an African-American family and the other to an interracial couple. Between 1990 and 2000, the white population decreased by 57.39% while the African American population increased by 55.40%. Vietnamese American refugees and West African immigrants have joined African Americans in making today's Elmwood a more racially diverse neighborhood as the white population decreases.
Elmwood Park's The Labor Monument: Philadelphia's Tribute to the American Worker (2010) by artist John Kindness is one of the first monuments in the United States commemorating the contributions of organized labor nationwide. The monument was commissioned by the Association for Public Art (formerly the Fairmount Park Art Association) and installed in 2010 at 71st Street and Buist Avenue.
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As of the census of 2000, there were 27,329 people residing in the neighborhood. The racial makeup was 31.15% White, 55.40% African American, 10.33% Asian, and 0.75% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.25% of the population. The median income for a household in the neighborhood was $24,817.
Free Library of Philadelphia operates the Paschalville Branch, which serves Elmwood and other subdivisions, at 6942 Woodland Avenue. The system also operates the Eastwick Branch, which serves Elmwood Park and other subdivisions, at 2581 Island Avenue.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Paschalville Branch." Free Library of Philadelphia. Retrieved on January 3, 2008.
- "Eastwick Branch." Free Library of Philadelphia. Retrieved on January 3, 2008.
- Philadelphia Imposes a State of Emergency, New York Times, November 24, 1985
- Recent Trends in Immigration to Philadelphia, Johnny Ceffalio, University of Pennsylvania