|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
|Motto in English||Intellectual and spiritual light|
|Location||Elon, North Carolina, United States|
600 acres (242.8 ha)
|Former names||Elon College (1889–2001)|
|Colors||Maroon and Gold|
16 varsity sports
- 1 History
- 2 Academics
- 3 Notable faculty
- 4 Rankings and reputation
- 5 Student body
- 6 Athletics
- 7 Campus
- 8 Campus life
- 9 Student Traditions at Elon
- 10 The Elon University Poll
- 11 Alumni
- 12 References
- 13 External links
|Presidents of Elon|
|William S. Long||1889||1894|
|William Wesley Staley||1894||1905|
|Emmett Leonidas Moffit||1905||1911|
|William Allen Harper||1911||1931|
|Leon Edgar Smith||1931||1957|
|James Earl Danieley||1957||1973|
|James Fred Young||1973||1998|
|Leo Michael Lambert||1999|
Elon College was founded by the Christian Church, which later became a part of the United Church of Christ. The charter for Elon College was issued by the North Carolina legislature in 1889. William S. Long was the first president, and the original student body consisted of 76 students. In 1923, a fire destroyed most of the campus, including school records, classrooms, the library, and the chapel. The Board of Trustees voted to rebuild immediately. Many of the buildings that were erected in the years following the fire still stand and make up the bedrock of Elon's campus.
In the early 1970s, Elon was an undergraduate college serving mainly local residents commuting from family homes, attracting "regional students of average ability from families of modest means." By the start of the 21st century, however, about 68 percent of Elon's students came from out-of-state and were only accepted if they met high academic standards. Elon is a selective university and, as of 2013, 82% of incoming students were from out of state. Elon's transformation was the subject of an academic study by George Keller of the University of Pennsylvania titled Transforming a College: The Story of a Little Known College's Strategic Climb to National Distinction. The study, published by Johns Hopkins University Press, depicted how Elon successfully transformed itself from an unimpressive college to a selective, nationally recognized university.
Elon maintains its historic relationship to the United Church of Christ, but is no longer directly affiliated. Elon's mission statement states that the university "embraces its founders' vision of an academic community that transforms mind, body, and spirit and encourages freedom of thought and liberty of conscience," and emphasizes its commitment to "nurture a rich intellectual community characterized by student engagement with a faculty dedicated to excellent teaching and scholarly accomplishment."
Many prominent figures have visited and spoken at Elon, including U.S. Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson, Jimmy Carter, George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton, former U.S. Secretaries of State General Colin L. Powell and Madeleine Albright, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, Nobel Peace Prize winners Elie Wiesel and Muhammad Yunus, astronauts John Glenn and Buzz Aldrin and network news anchors Brian Williams and Anderson Cooper.
The university includes Elon College, the College of Arts and Sciences; the Martha and Spencer Love School of Business; the School of Communications; the School of Education; the School of Law; and the School of Health Sciences. Master's programs are offered in business administration, interactive media, education and physician assistant studies, and doctoral programs include physical therapy and law. Elon operates on a 4-1-4 academic calendar, including a four-week term in January known as Winter Term.
In 2009, the Phi Beta Kappa Society voted to establish a chapter at Elon, a mark of distinction for the university's commitment to meeting the high standards of excellence in the arts and sciences advocated by the Society.
Elon is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
The College of Arts and Sciences
Elon College, the College of Arts and Sciences, offers 51 undergraduate majors within three divisions: the Arts and Humanities, the Social and Behavioral Sciences, and the Natural, Mathematical and Computational Sciences. Students can also create their own independent majors, and choose from a range of minors. Students are also strongly encouraged to participate in five programs known as the "Elon Experiences": doing student undergraduate research, studying abroad, doing internships, engaging in service learning, and demonstrating leadership. Elon sends more undergraduate students to study abroad than any other master's-level school in the nation. 80% of Elon students complete internships and 91% of recent graduates participated in volunteer service. Mention of participation in these programs can be included on an "Elon Experiences" transcript which accompanies the academic student transcript.
The average class size is 21 students, maximum class size is 35 and the 4-year graduation rate is 71%. 71% of students will complete at least one study abroad program (the national average is 6%). 84% of students will complete an internship prior to graduation. As of 2011, Freshman retention rate was 90%.
School of Business
The Martha and Spencer Love School of Business offers undergraduate degrees in Accounting, Business Administration, Economics, Entrepreneurship, Finance, Management and Marketing. The part-time MBA program was ranked #1 in the South by BusinessWeek.
School of Communications
The Elon School of Communications is one of 18 accredited communications programs for private universities in the US by the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC). The program encompasses 20% of students and is divided into six main concentrations: Journalism, Broadcast & New Media, Cinema, Strategic Communications, Communication Science and Sport & Event Management. The teaching staff is rich in professional experience, including a Pulitzer Prize winner, top corporate communicators, a CNN veteran and a Webby Honors winner. There are no lab fees, and students can sign out top-line digital media equipment to use for free.
Students each complete at least one required internship. Workplaces include NBC, 60 Minutes, National Geographic, MTV, DreamWorks, New York Times, Vogue and the Washington Post. Many students complete multiple internships. Some students complete an internship while enrolled in the London program and intern at international media companies headquartered there. There are summer programs in Los Angeles and New York City for students to intern and take classes there. Elon students also conduct research at or present their work at the United Nations Internet Governance Forum, Federal Communications Commission, the Broadcast Education Association conference and many other venues.
Students in this discipline have several opportunities to gain practical experience, whether through working on the newspaper (The Pendulum), the radio station (WSOE), or one of many award-winning shows on Elon Student Television (ESTV) including two Emmy award winning shows: One-on-One Sports, and Phoenix14 News, both recognized by the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Elon also has a public relations company called Live Oak Communications, as well as a student film group known as Cinelon. In the summer of 2009, the school established an M.A. program in Interactive Media which lasts for ten months. Elon Communications is also home to sketch comedy show Elon Tonight, established in 2010.
School of Law
The Elon University School of Law opened on August 10, 2006. The School of Law is located in downtown Greensboro, North Carolina in the former city library. Former United States Supreme Court Associate Justice Sandra Day O'Connor delivered the Dedication Address on September 19, 2006. According to US News the law school is currently "unranked".
- Peter S. Brunstetter - Professor of Law, and member of the North Carolina General Assembly
- Ann J. Cahill - prominent feminist philosopher
- David M. Crowe - historian
- James Danieley - Professor of Chemistry, and sixth president of Elon College
- James G. Exum - Distinguished Professor of the Judicial Process at the Elon Law School
- Steven Friedland - expert in legal education
- David Gergen - inaugural Isabella Cannon Distinguished Visiting Professor of Leadership at Elon
- Jason Husser - Assistant Director of the Elon Poll
- Smith Jackson - Dean of Students and Vice President of Student Life at Elon
- David C. Joyce - now president of Ripon College, in Ripon, Wisconsin
- Leo Lambert - eighth president of Elon University
- David S. Levine - scholar of intellectual property law
- Elliot Mazer - producer, executive, technologist, and professor of music
- Paul Neebe - classical trumpeter and former professor of music at Elon
- Jeffrey Pugh - theologian
- Michael Skube - former journalist on the faculty of the Elon University School of Communications.
- Anthony Weston - expert on critical thinking, ethics, and environmentalism
Rankings and reputation
- U.S. News & World Report ranks Elon #1 among southern regional universities. They also rank Elon as the #1 Southern University (and among the top 46 colleges and universities in the nation) "that have recently made the most promising and innovative changes in the areas of academics, faculty, student life, campus, or facilities"
- In 2003, Jay Mathews of the Washington Post named Elon the #1 under-appreciated college in the nation
- The Education Trust recognizes Elon for excellence in freshman retention and outstanding graduation rates
- The Fiske Guide to Colleges ranks Elon one of 24 "best buy" private universities
- Kiplinger's Personal Finance ranks Elon # 1 in the "total costs category" among the nation's top 50 best value private universities
- Newsweek-Kaplan named Elon the hottest college in the nation for student engagement in its 2006 guide
- The Carnegie Foundation chose Elon as one of 76 schools meriting their new Community Engagement Classification in 2007
- Princeton Review and Campus Compact chose Elon as one of 81 "colleges with a conscience" in the United States
- The Templeton Guide chose Elon as one of the 100 universities that does best with the "character development" of its students
- The Kaplan Day Star Guide to Colleges for African-American Students named Elon one of the hundred best schools in the US for African-American students. In 2005, the Education Trust named Elon as one of only fifteen schools in the United States where there is a small or non-existent gap between the graduation rates of African-American and white students.
Elon has a student body of 5,559 undergraduate students and 706 graduate students. 47 states, the District of Columbia, and 49 nations are represented in the student body.
Elon's 17 varsity sports teams, known as the Phoenix, will compete in the NCAA's Division I Colonial Athletic Association starting in the 2014-2015 academic year, after a decade of success in the Southern Conference. Intercollegiate sports include baseball, basketball, cross-country, football, golf, soccer, and tennis for men, and basketball, cross-country, golf, indoor track, outdoor track, soccer, softball, tennis, lacrosse, and volleyball for women. The football team competes in the Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly I-AA).
Campus Recreation offers intramural and club sports programs, such as baseball, cycling, lacrosse, flag football, equestrian, swimming, rugby union, triathlon, water skiing, ice hockey and Ultimate Frisbee. During Winter Term the intramurals include bowling, arena football, dodgeball, ultimate frisbee, and a monster golf tournament.
Up until 2000, the mascot of Elon was the Fighting Christian. Early Elon athletic teams were known as the "Christians" with the name "Fighting Christians" gaining popularity by 1923. The nickname was chosen due to Elon's proximity to the Wake Forest Demon Deacons, and the Duke Blue Devils. However, many did not feel that the nickname was universal enough for a team making the transition to Division I athletics, so a new mascot was adopted in 2000, the Phoenix. The choice came from the 1923 fire that destroyed almost the entire campus. Soon after the fire, the university trustees began planning to make Elon "rise from the ashes". The Phoenix was a mythical creature that rose from the ashes of its predecessors.
Elon's Fight Song was written in 1921 by Mark Z. Rhodes to the tune of F.E. Bigelow's march "Our Director."
So here's to dear old Elon
Faithful and bold
Here's to her banner
Of maroon and gold
Here's to men and women
Who've come and gone
Singing the victor's song
Of old Elon
Elon's sports facilities include two gymnasiums, Walter C. Latham Baseball Park, Rhodes Stadium, Hunt Softball Park, the on-campus football stadium, Alumni Field House, Koury Field House, six club athletic fields, Worseley Golf Center, and Koury Center, which features the 2,400 seat Alumni Gym, an aerobic fitness center, a weight room, racquetball courts, an indoor pool, and a dance studio. The Jimmy Powell Tennis Center is a twelve-court state-of-the-art complex and is recognized as one of the finest collegiate tennis complexes in the nation. The 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m2) facility at the north end of Rhodes Stadium in the North Athletics Complex is the new headquarters for Phoenix athletics.
Elon's historic campus is located in the Piedmont region of North Carolina, adjacent to Burlington, a city of 50,000. Elon is 20 minutes from Greensboro and within a one hour drive of many other universities — Duke, NC State, UNC-Chapel Hill, UNC-Greensboro, North Carolina A&T State University, and Wake Forest.
Princeton Review as well as the New York Times ranked Elon University as the nation's #1 most beautiful campus. Elon's 600-acre (242.8 ha) campus is divided into seven major sections: North Area, Central Campus, West Area, East Area, South Campus, Danieley Center, and Elon West. Each area consists of different services and facilities. There are 29 residence buildings on campus and 12 major academic buildings. Elon also has numerous lakes and fountains throughout its campus.
Spike Lee used Elon as one of the university locations for the movie He Got Game. The Alamance Building, Fonville Fountain, and the Moseley Center's outside patio were the setting for the movie's "Tech University."
The university has more than 150 campus organizations and programs, including 12 national fraternities and 13 national sororities. Elon University's fraternities consist of the following: Delta Upsilon, Kappa Sigma, Pi Kappa Phi, Sigma Pi, Kappa Alpha Order, Lambda Chi Alpha, Sigma Chi, Sigma Phi Epsilon, Phi Beta Sigma, Alpha Phi Alpha, Zeta Beta Tau, and Kappa Alpha Psi. Elon University's sororities consist of the following: Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Xi Delta, Kappa Delta, Sigma Kappa, Zeta Tau Alpha, Alpha Omicron Pi, Delta Delta Delta, Phi Mu, Sigma Sigma Sigma, Alpha Kappa Alpha, Delta Sigma Theta, Zeta Phi Beta.
The Pendulum, Elon's undergraduate weekly newspaper is published every Wednesday. WSOE, the University's student-run non-commercial campus radio station, has been airing since 1977. ETV (Elon Television) is the Student television station featuring numerous student-created and -run programs in addition to its nationally recognized news program, Phoenix14 News, produced by ESTV (Elon Student Television). Phoenix14News was ranked #1 college newscast by the Broadcast Education Association in 2009 and was recognized as the Best College Newscast by the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.
Phoenix14News was at the center of controversy in March 2010, when former student journalist Nick Ochsner was denied a complete incident report from Elon’s Campus Safety and Police Department following an open records request for the details surrounding a fellow student's arrest. Ochsner has since sued the university and the state attorney general's office for the records. On June 5, the North Carolina Court of Appeals ruled in favor of the university and the attorney general's office, holding that private university police departments, like that at Elon, are not subject to the state's open records law.
Numerous student government, special interest, and service organizations are represented on campus, including Elon Volunteers, Habitat for Humanity, Model UN, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Alpha Phi Omega, the Resident Student Association, the Student Government Association, and the Student Union Board. Cultural groups on campus include the Black Cultural Society, Hillel, Intercultural Club, and Spectrum (Gay-Straight Alliance).
Elon is home to the Fire of the Carolinas Marching Band (FOTC), which delivers pre-game, halftime, and occasionally post-game performances at home football games. The band also includes color guard (flag spinning) and dance auxiliary squads.
Religious groups on campus include Catholic Campus Ministry, Hillel: The Foundation for Jewish Campus Life, InterVarsity Christian Fellowship, the Iron Tree Blooming Meditation Society, Baptist Student Union, Sigma Alpha Omega, and Campus Outreach.
The Jewish population at Elon has grown especially rapidly in recent years, with eight percent of recent classes self-identifying as Jewish, though the number of Jewish students on campus is assumed by some to be higher than this. Elon was profiled in Reform Judaism magazine in 2011 as a school which has "gone the extra mile" to make itself more attractive to Jewish students, and in 2013 it was listed as one of the "top schools Jews choose."
Elon has received praise for its efforts to build a multi-faith center that is open to students of all religious traditions.
Elon University recognizes 25 social Greek organizations. 43% of women and 26% of men on campus belong to one of the following campus-chartered organizations.
|Interfraternity Council||National Pan-Hellenic Council||Panhellenic Council|
Student Traditions at Elon
The Turkey Trot began in 1991 with fewer than 10 students participating. Each November, hundreds of students, faculty and staff gather to run the five kilometer trail around campus while contributing canned goods to a local agency benefiting the community. - The turkey trot is traditionally run with one participant who wears a turkey costume while the other runners chase the “turkey”.
Festivus is a student-run organization at Elon University, started in 2005. The idea of festivus came from a Seinfeld Episode. Festivus is held once a year on a Saturday during the spring. 
Late night McEwen
Late night McEwen is a popular one among Elon students. On Thursday through Saturday at 11:00 pm to 3:00 am the dining hall is open to students.
The Elon University Poll
Elon students conduct statewide polls on issues of importance to North Carolinians. Formed in 2000, the non-partisan polls' results are shared with various media outlets, citizens and researchers to facilitate representative democracy and public policy making through the better understanding of the opinions and needs of North Carolina citizens. It is one of the only polls in the country that is conducted by student callers as compared to hired workers.
- William Herbert – Chair of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Virginia Medical Center
- Drew L. Van Horn – President of Brevard College
- John Decatur Messick – Former President of East Carolina University (1947–1959)
- Marvin K. Moss – former Provost and Vice Chancellor of the University of North Carolina at Wilmington
- H. Shelton Smith – scholar of religion, founder of Duke University’s graduate school in religion
Arts, literature, and entertainment
- Casey Beathard - songwriter
- Rich Blomquist – Emmy Award winning writer on The Daily Show
- Reno Collier – standup comic, host of NBC's The Great American Road Trip
- Lisa Goldstein – actress, plays Millicent Huxtable on the CW series One Tree Hill
- Grant Gustin – actor Glee
- Tal Henry – orchestra director
- Maity Interiano - journalist and television producer
- Adam Kaplan - ( '12) Broadway actor; Morris Delancey in Disney's Newsies
- H. Reid – American writer, photographer, and historian
- Martin Ritt – director, actor, and playwright (Hud, Norma Rae, Stanley & Iris)
- Katherine Southard – Miss North Carolina 2009
- Matt Shingledecker - Broadway actor
- Mike Trainor – standup comic, panelist on TruTV's The Smoking Gun Presents: World's Dumbest...
- Taylor Trensch – Broadway actor
- Kenneth Utt – actor and producer (The Silence of the Lambs, Midnight Cowboy, Philadelphia)
- Kerrii Anderson – Former Chief Executive Officer and President of Wendy's International, Inc.
- Robert Model – director on the boards of CapMAC, Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership and Piggly Wiggly
- Burney Jennings – Chief Executive Officer and President of Biscuitville
- C. Ashton Newhall – Founder & Managing General Partner of Greenspring Associates
Politics and military
- Cary D. Allred - North Carolina politician
- Isabella W. Cannon – former Mayor of Raleigh, North Carolina
- Harris Durham Blake – North Carolina State Senator
- Cameron DeJong - New Hampshire politician
- Patricia Edmonson – Virginia politician
- Anthony Foriest - North Carolina politician
- Vice Admiral William E. Gortney – Commander, U.S. Fifth Fleet
- Hugh Holliman – North Carolina House of Representatives Majority Leader
- Phillip Kellam – Virginia politician
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012)|
- Tal Abernathy – Major League Baseball pitcher
- Jerry Baker – World Champion of Medievil Weaponry
- Jesse Branson – National Basketball Association and American Basketball Association player.
- Ward Burton – NASCAR auto racer
- Cap Clark – Major League Baseball catcher
- Billy Devaney – General Manager of the St. Louis Rams
- Bill Dougherty- Running back for the New Orleans Saints
- Wes Durham – radio play-by-play announcer for the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets and the Atlanta Falcons
- Joey Hackett – Tight end for the Denver Broncos and Green Bay Packers
- Frank Haith – Head basketball coach at the University of Missouri
- Greg W. Harris – Major League Baseball pitcher
- Bunn Hearn – Major League Baseball pitcher
- Terrell Hudgins – Chicago Rush Wide Receiver
- Clint Irwin - Colorado Rapids Goalkeeper
- Don Kernodle – Professional wrestler
- Steven Kinney – Defender for the Chicago Fire
- Rich McGeorge – Tight end for the Green Bay Packers
- Jack McKeon – Major League Baseball Manager
- Aaron Mellette - National Football League wide receiver
- Jim Morris – Head baseball coach at the University of Miami
- Chad Nkang – Linebacker for the Jacksonville Jaguars
- Blake Russell – Olympic runner
- Tony Settles – Linebacker for the Washington Redskins
- Ed Sauer – Major League Baseball outfielder
- Jim Schlossnagle – Head baseball coach at Texas Christian University
- Patrick Singleton – Bermudan Olympian in skeleton and luge
- Jimmy Smith (running back) – former American football running back in the National Football League
- Dick Such – Major League Baseball pitcher and coach
- Joe West – Major League Baseball umpire
- Joe Winkelsas- Major League Baseball pitcher
- Deborah A. Yow – North Carolina State University Athletics Director, formerly University of Maryland's Director of Athletics
- As of May 31, 2011. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2010 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2009 to FY 2010" (PDF). 2010 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
- George Keller, Transforming a College: The Story of a Little Known College's Strategic Climb to National Distinction, (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004)
- The Review of Higher Education, http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/review_of_higher_education/v028/28.4renn.html
- The university is classified as selective by the CIS Higher Education Directory 2010, Council of International Schools, p. 204
- George Keller, Transforming a College: The Story of a Little Known College's Strategic Climb to National Distinction, (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004), 109
- About Elon University
- "Israeli War Hero Bisits Elon", Greensboro News and Record, Jan 17, 2002, B2
- E-Net! News & Information
- E-Net! News & Information
- Phi Beta Kappa Society :: News View
- The history of Elon's efforts to obtain a Phi Beta Kappa chapter is discussed in George Keller, Transforming a College: The Story of a Little Known College's Strategic Climb to National Distinction, (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004), pp. 70–72, 94
- [dead link]
- About Elon University
- Class of 2013 moves into Elon University
- About Elon University
- Elon University – School of Communications Quick Facts
- Elon University | Best College | US News
- U.S. News & World Report ranks Elon among nation’s best
- Colleges Worth Considering
- Title II Report on Teacher Education
- Fiske Guide Announces Best Buys | FiskeGuide.com
- E-Net! News & Information
- E-Net! News & Information
- George Keller, Transforming a College, p. 88
- Elon University – Multicultural Center
- "Elon University Student Newspaper". Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Elon College Fighting Christians". North Carolina Digital Heritage Center Blog. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- USTA Outstanding Facility Awards | USTA
- E-Net! News & Information
- Dean, Nick (1 June 2011). "Student's suit against N.C. university seeks to open private campus police records". Student Press Law Center newsflash. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- "Ochsner v. Elon University and North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper".
- Zweifler, Seth (5 June 2012). "Appeals court: Private college police not covered by N.C. open records law". Student Press Law Center newsflash. Retrieved 7 June 2012.
- Elon University – Office of Religious Life
- The Pendulum – Various religious groups growing in number on campus
- Reform Judaism Magazine – Admissions 101: Unexpected Suitors
- accessed June 15, 2011: 8% of the students in the class of 2014 have identified themselves as Jewish; 8% of the early action and early decision applicants to the class of 2015 have identified themselves as Jewish.
- "Elon to welcome professor of Jewish studies in the fall," http://www.elon.edu/pendulum/Story.aspx?id=5275
- Burlington Times News, "Students hope for Jewish fraternity on Elon campus," http://www.thetimesnews.com/articles/elon-44261-jewish-students.html
- The Pendulum – Development of Jewish Studies program progressing
- Admissions 105: Unexpected Welcomes, by Claire D. Friedlander, reformjudaismmag.org/Articles/index.cfm?id=2865
- The Pendulum – Hindu students faithful at Elon, even without formal organization
- Hindus laud prestigious Elon University over construction plans of multi-faith center
- "Elon University Traditions." Elon University Traditions. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2013.
- The Story of Festivus. N.d. TV Series. Seinfeld. Youtube, 24 Nov. 2008. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c8g4Ztf7hIM>.
- Horwitz, Audrey. "'Festivus for the Rest of Us' Comes to Elon." The Pendulum. N.p., 8 May 2012. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://www.elonpendulum.com/2012/05/festivus-for-the-rest-of-us-comes-to-elon/>.
- Moore, Andy. "I Attempted to Relive College Amid Mud-Wrestling and Keg-Killing at - BroBible.com." BroBible.com. N.p., 30 Apr. 2013. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://www.brobible.com/college/article/mud-wrestling-elon-festivus-party>.
- "Welcome to CampusDish at Elon University!" Welcome to CampusDish at Elon University! N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://www.campusdish.com/en-US/CSSE/Elon/ResidentialLocations/UpstairsMcEwenDiningHall.htm>.
- "Elon University Traditions." - Better Alamance Wiki. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. <http://wiki.betteralamance.org/Elon_University_Traditions>.
- Newsroom — UVA Health System Corporate Site
- "Jimmy Smith". NFL Enterprises LLC. Retrieved October 30, 2012.