|Headquarters||Yaesu, Chūō, Tokyo, Japan|
Elpida Memory, Inc. (エルピーダメモリ株式会社 Erupīda Memori Kabushiki-gaisha ) is a corporation established in 1999 that develops, designs, manufactures and sells dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) products. It is also a semiconductor foundry. With headquarters in Yaesu, Chūō, Tokyo, Japan, it was formed under the name NEC Hitachi Memory in 1999 by the merger of the Hitachi, Ltd. and NEC DRAM businesses. In the following year it took its present name, and in 2003 took on the Mitsubishi DRAM business. In 2004 it listed its shares in the first section of the Tokyo Stock Exchange. In 2012, those shares were delisted as a result of its bankruptcy.
Currently, the company's CEO is Yukio Sakamoto.
Elpida Memory was founded in 1999 and began development operations for DRAM products in 2000.
In 2001, the company began construction of its 300mm wafer fabrication plant. Later that year, it began sales operations in domestic markets.
In 2003, the company took over Mitsubishi Electric Corporation's DRAM operations and employed Mitsubishi development engineers.
In 2004, Elpida Memory went public and was listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange.
In 2006, the company established Akita Elpida to take on the development of advanced back-end technology processes.
In March, 2006 Elpida reported consolidated sales of 241,500,000,000 Japanese yen. It employed 3196 people.
In 2002, armed with the Sherman Antitrust Act, the United States Department of Justice began a probe into the activities of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) manufacturers. US computer makers, including Dell and Gateway, claimed that inflated DRAM pricing was causing lost profits and hindering their effectiveness in the marketplace. To date, five manufacturers have pleaded guilty to their involvement in an international price-fixing conspiracy including Hynix, Infineon, Micron Technology, Samsung, and Elpida. Micron Technology was not fined for its involvement due to co-operation with investigators.
The company got 140 billion yen in financial aid and loans from the Japanese government and banks during the financial crisis in 2009.
On April 22, 2010, Elpida announced it has developed the worlds first 4Gb DDR3 SDRAM. Based on an advanced 40 nm process, the new eco-friendly DRAM uses about 30% less power compared to two 40 nm process 2-gigabit DDR3 SDRAMs (4-gigabit equivalent) and enables servers, data centers and other large capacity memory systems to reduce power consumption. It can operate at not only standard DDR3 1.5 V but also 1.35 V to allow greater system power savings. The target market for this new SDRAM includes servers, workstations, PCs/notebook PCs, digital consumer electronics and game consoles. Elpida has recently engaged in the development of Flash NAND memories based on charge trapping technology.
On February 27, 2012, Elpida filed for bankruptcy. With liabilities of 448 billion yen (US$5.5 billion), the company's bankruptcy was Japan's largest since Japan Airlines bankrupted in January 2010. The company suffered from both strong yen and a sharp drop of DRAM prices as a result of stagnant demand of personal computers and disruption of computer production caused by flooding in Thailand. DRAM prices plunged to a record low in 2011 as the price of the benchmark DDR3 2-gigabit DRAM declined 85%. Elpida was the third largest DRAM maker, held 18 percent of the market by revenue in 2011.
On March 28, 2012, Elpida was delisted from the Tokyo Stock Exchange.
The company is currently in the process of being acquired by Micron Technology after a Tokyo court and Elpida creditors approved the acquisition in February 2013. 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Elpida Memory|
- Naoko Fujimura and Jun Yang (Feb 28, 2012). "Elpida Falls as Lack of Smartphone Strategy Spurs Japan Bankruptcy Filing". Bloomberg.
- Elpida to raise Y18.5 billion via share sale to U.S. partner
- "Elpida to Sell 79.7 Billion Yen in Shares, Convertible Bonds - Bloomberg". bloomberg.com. 2011 [last update]. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
- EE Times. "Elpida says its sampling first 25-nm DRAMs." August 4, 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
- "Chip manufacturer Elpida is bankrupt - Heise". heise.de. 2012 [last update]. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- Elpida press release, dated 27 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012.
- Laskoski, Madeline (March 29, 2012). "Elpida Collapse to Boost Micron, Samsung: Pro". CNBC. Retrieved March 31, 2012.
- iFixit. "."September 21st, 2012. Retrieved September 21st, 2012
- Sacramento Bee. ". "February 28th, 2013. Retrieved April 16, 2013