Elrey Borge Jeppesen
Elrey Borge Jeppesen (January 28, 1907 – November 29, 1996) was an American aviation pioneer noted for his contributions in the field of navigation. He developed manuals and charts that allowed pilots to fly much more safely.
He was born on January 28, 1907 in Lake Charles, Louisiana. He grew up in Odell, Oregon, before moving to Portland. As a child, he watched eagles flying for hours and flying became his obsession. In 1921, then 14-year-old Jeppesen got his first taste of flying when a barnstormer took him up in a Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" for a ten-minute flight for $4.
At the age of 18, he joined Tex Rankin's Flying Circus "as a ticket taker, a prop turner, a wing walker and an aerial acrobat." He soloed after two hours and 15 minutes of flying lessons and purchased his own Jenny for $500. He bought it using money borrowed from customers on his newspaper route. For two years beginning in 1928, he worked for Fairchild Aerial Surveys, flying photographers over Mexico in a De Haviland DH-4. That same year, the United States government gave out its first pilot's licenses; Jeppesen got Oregon's 27th license, and it was signed by Orville Wright. In 1930, he joined Boeing Air Transport as an airmail pilot. According to one source, on May 15, 1930, he was the pilot of the flight carrying the first stewardess, Ellen Church (Heinrich Kubis was the first male flight attendant in 1912).
Pilots at that time depended on Rand McNally automobile road maps, railroad tracks and landmarks to find their way. Jeppesen purchased a ten-cent notebook and started writing down detailed notes about his routes. He even climbed hills to determine their height and got telephone numbers of farmers willing to provide weather reports. Word got around about his "Little Black Book", and soon he was giving copies to his fellow pilots. As demand picked up, in 1934, he founded Jeppesen & Co. in the basement of his Salt Lake City home to sell his information for $10 a copy.
On September 24, 1936, Jeppesen married his flight attendant, Nadine Liscomb. She helped him run his company.
He was involved in an overrun accident at Denver Municipal Airport on June 10, 1941. While landing in a rainstorm, the United DC-3 aircraft overran the landing area, travelled through the airport boundary lights and into a 3-foot (0.91 m) ditch where the right landing gear failed. None of the crew or 15 passengers was injured, but the aircraft incurred major damage.
With the onset of World War II, the United States Army and Navy kept Jeppesen busy supplying them with his charts. Jeppesen retired from United Airlines (into which Boeing Air Transport had merged) in 1954. He sold his company in 1961, though he stayed on as chairman.
He died on November 26, 1996.
There is a 16-foot (4.9 m) statue of Jeppesen, by artist George Lundeen, in the center of the main terminal at Denver International Airport. The main terminal is also named in his honor. Around the base of the statue is the accolade: ″Airmail Pilot - Airline Captain - Wing Walker - Air Navigation Pioneer - Barnstormer - Air Safety Pioneer - Businessman - Instructor".
- Tony Jannus Award in 1975
- National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1993
- Colorado Aviation Hall of Fame in 2000
- Oregon Aviation Hall of Honor
- OX5 Aviation Hall of Fame
- NBAA Meritorious Service Award
- Edward Warner Award, 1995
- Honorary degree from the University of Denver
- Bedell, Tom (2011). "2011 Oregon Hall of Fame". Oregon Aviation Historical Society 20 (2).
- Thomas, Jr., Robert (November 28, 1996). "Elrey B. Jeppesen, Pilots' Friend, Dies at 89". New York Times. Retrieved January 27, 2013.
- Dumovich, Eve (2005). "The early adventures of Captain Jepp". Boeing Frontiers 4 (4).
- Cary Baird (February 2007). "New Book Marks Jeppesen’s 100th Birthday". Retrieved August 25, 2012.
- "Elrey Borge Jeppesen: Pioneer". Davis-Monthan Aviation Field Register. June 3, 2007. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
- "Elrey B. Jeppesen: CAHS Honored in 1970". Colorado Aviation Historical Society. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
- Griffin, Dawsalee (2009). "Charting the course". Boeing Frontiers 8 (7).
- "E. B. Jeppesen, Pioneer Flier, Dies At Home". Rocky Mountain News. November 27, 1996. Retrieved 2011-11-26. "Elrey Borge Jeppesen, the pioneering pilot who charted the skies and made an indelible mark on aviation history, died at his home Tuesday. He was 89. ..."
- Historic timeline of the Jeppesen company
- Holmes, Charles W., Editor, Honoree Album of the Colorado Aviation Hall of Fame, The Colorado Aviation Historical Society, 1999, Audubon Media Corp., Audubon, Iowa.
- The Oregon Aviation Hall of Honor, established by Oregon Department of Aviation in 2003, is located at the Evergreen Aviation & Space Museum in McMinnville, Oregon.
- "The Elrey B. Jeppesen Collection". Museum of Flight Archives. Retrieved August 24, 2012.