Els Segadors

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Els Segadors
English: The Reapers
Senyera (Pl. Octavià, S. Cugat del Vallès) 01.jpg

National anthem of
 Catalonia (Spain)

Lyrics Emili Guanyavents, 1899
Music Francesc Alió, 1892
Adopted 1993

Els Segadors (Eastern Catalan: [əɫs səɣəˈðos], Western Catalan: [eɫs seɣaˈðos]; "The Reapers") is the official national anthem of Catalonia (nationality and autonomous community of Spain).

History[edit]

Portrait of Francesc Alió i Brea

Though the original song dates in the oral tradition to 1640, its modern lyrics were written by Emili Guanyavents, who won a controversial competition in 1899. The music was standardized by Francesc Alió in 1892.[1] The song is based on the events of 1640 known as Corpus de Sang during the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) between Spain, England, France and Austria, the event that started the Catalan Revolt or Guerra dels Segadors (Reapers' War)[1] where Catalans fought against the Count-Duke of Olivares, the chief minister of King Philip IV of Spain.

The Catalan government adopted "Els Segadors" as the national anthem of Catalonia in 1993.

Lyrics[edit]

Els Segadors (Catalan)
Catalunya triomfant,
tornarà a ser rica i plena.
Endarrera aquesta gent
tan ufana i tan superba.
Tornada:
Bon cop de falç!
Bon cop de falç, defensors de la terra!
Bon cop de falç!
Ara és hora, segadors.
Ara és hora d'estar alerta.
Per quan vingui un altre juny,
esmolem ben bé les eines.
Tornada
Que tremoli l'enemic,
en veient la nostra ensenya.
Com fem caure espigues d'or,
quan convé seguem cadenes.
Tornada
The Reapers (English translation)
Catalonia triumphant
shall again be rich and bountiful.
Drive away these people,[2]
Who are so conceited and so contemptful.
Refrain:
Strike with your sickle!
Strike with your sickle, defenders of the land!
Strike with your sickle!
Now is the time, reapers.
Now is the time to stand alert.
For when another June comes,[3]
Let us sharpen our tools well.
Refrain
May the enemy tremble,
upon seeing our symbol.
Just as we cut golden ears of wheat,
when the time calls we cut off chains.[4]
Refrain

Recordings[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Generalitat de Catalunya: National Symbols
  2. ^ "These people" the oppressors of the Catalan people, who back in that time invaded Catalonia
  3. ^ the Segadors Revolt which the song references took place in June.
  4. ^ The verb in the Catalan original—seguem—is from the same root as segadors; that is, they will cut the chains as they cut the crops.

External links[edit]