Elsa Beata Bunge
|Elsa Beata Bunge|
|Born||18 April 1734
|Died||19 January 1819
|Other names||Elsa Beata Wrede|
|Occupation||botanist and writer|
|Known for||As botanist and writer|
Elsa Beata was the daughter of statesman and noble, baron Fabian Wrede, and Katarina Charlotta Sparre. In 1761, she married the statesman Count Sven Bunge. She was an enthusiastic amateur botanist and had large greenhouses set up at her manor Beateberga; the name of the estate means "The Mountain of Beata". Bunge was connected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and corresponded with Carl von Linné. Her spouse was a member of the academy, and from 1780 forward, she corresponded with the academy, discussed scientific botanical experiments and reported results.
She became well known as a botanist and wrote the botanical work Om vinrankors beskaffenhet efter sjelfva naturens anvisningar (English: "About the nature of vine grapes by direction from nature itself") with tables (1806), the work for which she was recognised as a botanist.
As a person, Countess Bunge aroused attention because of her way of dressing as a man, with the exception of a skirt. A lot of stories and anectodets are told about her. During the reign of Gustav III (1771–1792), the monarch noticed a peculiarly dressed woman in the Royal Swedish Opera and enquired who she was. Bunge replied : "Tell His Majesty that I am the daughter of statesman Fabian Wrede and married to statesman Sven Bunge."
Bunge participated in the custom in the mid 18th-century of criticizing people by anonymous poems: she is believed to have been the author of the satirical libel work Kom kära Armod lät oss vandra (Come, dear poverty, let us go) toward the notoriously stingy chamberlain Conrad Lohe.
Elsa Beata Bunge died on Beateberga manor in Röö Parish in 1819.
- Om vinrankors beskaffenhet efter sjelfva naturens anvisningar (1806)
- Wilhelmina Stålberg: (Swedish) Anteckningar om svenska qvinnor (Notes on Swedish women)
- Sten Lindroth (Swedish): Kungl. Svenska vetenskapsakademiens historia 1739-1818: Tiden intill Wargentins död 1783
- Svenska Linné-sällskapet, Volym 2006 (Swedish)
- Samlaren / Femtonde årgången. 1894 /