|Town of Elsmere|
|Elevation||102 ft (31.1 m)|
|Area||1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|- land||1.0 sq mi (3 km2)|
|- water||0.0 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||5,891.0 / sq mi (2,275 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Elsmere is located at (39.739112, -75.594267).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,800 people, 2,299 households, and 1,487 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,891.0 people per square mile (2,285.1/km²). There were 2,395 housing units at an average density of 2,432.6 per square mile (943.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 82.41% White, 9.45% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 5.10% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.09% of the population.
There were 2,299 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $39,415, and the median income for a family was $46,357. Males had a median income of $35,427 versus $28,089 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,643. About 6.7% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
Prior to the late 1800s the area around present-day Elsmere was a small rural community, largely open farmland with some scattered residential dwellings. The major road through the area was DuPont Road, used by the DuPont Company to transport black powder to the Christiana River for shipment. By 1881 two rail lines and a road which intersected the area were added. The "New Road" (still known by this name) ran east to west from Wilmington to the Greenbank Mill on the Red Clay Creek. The Western Railroad and the Wilmington and Northern Railroad made connections from the north into lines which passed through Wilmington.
Between 1881 and 1893, significant land development occurred in part through the efforts of a real estate promoter, Joshua T Herald, who promoted cleaner and cheaper living outside of the city of Wilmington in the area now known as Elsmere. The close proximity of the railway lines offered cheap transportation to city workers. Introduction of electric trolley car service furthered the town's growth. In 1897, an agreement was reached between the local line and the Wilmington line which allowed uninterrupted service to run from downtown Wilmington out to Brandywine Springs Park, west of Elsmere. Not only did the trolley line provide transportation to the amusement park for urban dwellers, but also made commuting to downtown jobs feasible for suburban dwellers.
In 1909, with the agreement of the approximately 70 families residing in the area at the time the Town of Elsmere was incorporated. The population increased between 1910 to 1920 from 374 to 620 residents.
During the 1910s, the Delaware State Fair Association purchased land and built a new fairgrounds within Elsmere's town limit. The grounds, including a racecourse for horses, cars and motorcycles, were located south of New Road and Wilmington Avenue and west of the previously established streets. This land became the site of the Delaware State Fair from 1917 to 1928, and provided a large parking area and ready access from the nearby trolley line. Agricultural exhibits provided the backbone of the fair, but in addition to the races, the summer attraction also included horse and dog shows, vaudeville acts, music, and fireworks. After 1928, the State Fair had moved to Harrington, but the grandstand and the races remained until 1943, when the property was converted to land for residential housing.
The town of Elsmere is served by the Red Clay Consolidated School District. The school district maintains one school in the town: Austin D. Baltz Elementary School (Grades K through 5).
The Diocese of Wilmington operates the Corpus Christi School (Grades K through 8).
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "History of Elsmere". Town of Elsmere. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
- "Wilmington VA Medical Center". United States Department of Veteran's Affairs. Retrieved 23 September 2009.