The village centre
Elstead shown within Surrey
|Area||11.04 km2 (4.26 sq mi)|
|Population||2,557 (Civil Parish)|
|- Density||232 /km2 (600 /sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||South West Surrey|
Elstead is a semi-rural and civil parish in Surrey, England with shops, houses and cottages spanning north and south sides of the River Wey; development concentrated on two roads that meet at a central green. It includes Pot Common its southern neighbourhood. Hamlets in the parish, marginally separated from the village centre, are Charleshill and Elstead Common, both rich in woodland. Elstead is on the B3001 about 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) west of the A3 Milford interchange and lies between Farnham and Godalming.
Elstead's relative prosperity over the centuries can be partly attributed to the existence of a large watermill and a significant bridge over the river, parts of which are dated to around 1300.
Elstead Mill, now a pub and restaurant, was occupied by Oliver Cromwell’s ‘roundhead’ army during the English Civil War but subsequently burnt down. The present structure is therefore supported by its architecture listed as dating to the 17th century.
The first known reference to Elstead is in the 1128 foundation charter for Waverley Abbey (sometimes spelt Waverly), where it was called Helestede. The church of St James was built around ten years later. It still contains 13th century windows and some 14th century timbers and is a Grade II* listed building.
In the 14th century, the Scheduled ancient monument bridge was built over the River Wey. Today this old bridge, strengthened by Surrey County Council in 1993, takes the westward traffic; eastward traffic takes the new bridge alongside.
Elstead had a forge which was built in 1686 but is now a private house.
During the 18th and 19th centuries, Elstead was known for the quality and quantity of carrots grown there, with daily shipments by train from nearby Milford Station up to London's Covent Garden market during the growing season. This is attributed to the light sandy soils in the village which are excellent for carrot growing.
The western hamlet on the opposite bank of the River Wey of Charleshill on the B3001 to Farnham is half in Tilford, south of Crooksbury Common. Its public house is called The Donkey. It was originally converted from two small cottages in 1850 and at that time was owned by Farnham United Brewery and originally called The Half-way House. During that time it acquired the nickname of “The Donkey”, as before the days of motor traffic, donkeys were kept tethered outside the Inn to help the horses and carts up the hill; officially becoming this in 1947.
||Seale and Sands
Moor Park, Runfold
|Gatwick (the hamlet) in
Demography and housing
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
Elstead has four pubs. The Golden Fleece, and The Mill at Elstead are both on the Farnham Road. The Woolpack is on the Village Green
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1188415)". National Heritage List for England.
- English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044454)". National Heritage List for England.
- History of Elstead Church
- English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1005921)". National Heritage List for England.
- History and the Donkey
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elstead.|