Eltham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Eltham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Eltham in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 63,059 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Clive Efford (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Woolwich West
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Eltham /ɛltəm/ is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.[n 1]

It is a marginal Labour-held seat covering roughly the southern half of the Royal Borough of Greenwich in London.[2][3]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is in the Royal Borough of Greenwich in south-east London. Before 1983, a constituency with similar boundaries was called Woolwich West.

The area adjoins the following constituencies:

It is made up of seven electoral wards:

The new boundaries and wards of the Eltham parliamentary constituency (red) shown with the rest of the Royal Borough of Greenwich (yellow).

Latest boundary changes[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in South London, and as a consequence of changes to ward boundaries, the Boundary Commission for England recommended that part of Plumstead ward be transferred from Eltham to the constituency of Erith and Thamesmead; that parts of Glyndon ward and Woolwich Common ward be transferred from Eltham to Greenwich and Woolwich; and that parts of Middle Park and Sutcliffe ward, Eltham West ward and Kidbrooke with Hornfair ward be transferred from Greenwich and Woolwich to Eltham.[4]

History[edit]

Famous as the birthplace of American-raised comedian and Hollywood film star Bob Hope. Shooters Hill and Blackheath presents open green and well-planted parkland with many residential locations that also share in impressive views over Canary Wharf commercial district of London. Eltham itself has a short, winding and typical high street, and is bypassed however by a main Road (the A20).

The seat was held by high profile Tory Peter Bottomley for over two decades (as Woolwich West and then Eltham) before Labour gained the seat in 1997. After fairly comfortable victories then and in 2001, the Labour majority decreased quite significantly in 2005, though Labour were able to resist some of the national swing against the party in 2010 to hold the seat.

Most of Eltham itself is Conservative, but Eltham West and the remaining wards in the seat are inclined to Labour. Conservative support has tended to be strongest in the south (on the Bromley borders), where there are more owner-occupied houses and the area is more middle-class. Labour has fared well in the northern areas of the constituency towards Greenwich, and in areas such as Shooters Hill and Well Hall.[5]

The Eltham Conservative Association became the first in London to select a prospective parliamentary candidate by means of an open primary election where any voter on the electoral roll was entitled to attend and vote. David Gold (PPC Brighton Pavilion 2001) defeated Jackie Doyle-Price (PPC Sheffield Hillsborough 2005) and Eric Ollerenshaw (former Greater London Assembly member) by winning more than 50% of the ballot in the first round at a meeting chaired by Michael Portillo on 31 July 2006 at the Bob Hope Theatre. Approximately 140 people turned up for the open primary meeting.[6][7]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1983 Peter Bottomley Conservative
1997 Clive Efford Labour

Election results[edit]

General Election 2015: Eltham [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Alex Cunliffe
Conservative Spencer Drury[10]
Labour Clive Efford[11]
UKIP Peter Whittle
Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2010[12]
Electorate: 63,059
Turnout: 41,964 (67.0%) +8.6
Labour hold
Majority: 1,663 (4.0%) -5.3
Swing: -1.8% from Lab to Con
Clive Efford Labour 17,416 41.5 -0.7
David Gold Conservative 15,753 37.5 +2.9
Steven Toole Liberal Democrat 5,299 12.6 -4.7
Roberta Woods BNP 1,745 4.2 +1.6
Ray Adams UKIP 1,011 2.4 -0.4
Arthur Hayles Green 419 1.0 N/A
Mike Tibby English Democrats 217 0.5 N/A
Andrew Graham Independent 104 0.2 -0.2
General Election 2005
Turnout: 35,305 (61.7%) +3.0
Labour hold
Majority: 3,276 (9.3%) -11.4
Swing: -5.7% from Lab to Con
Clive Efford Labour 15,381 43.6 -9.2
Spencer Drury Conservative 12,105 34.3 +2.2
Ian Gerrard Liberal Democrat 5,669 16.1 +3.9
Jeremy Elms UKIP 1,024 2.9 +0.8
Barry Roberts BNP 979 2.8 N/A
Andrew Graham Independent 147 0.4 -0.7
General Election 2001
Turnout: 33,792 (58.7%) -17.0
Labour hold
Majority: 6,996 (20.7%) -2.7
Clive Efford Labour 17,855 52.8 -1.8
Sharon Massey Conservative 10,859 32.1 +0.9
Martin Morris Liberal Democrat 4,121 12.2 +3.7
Terrence Jones UKIP 706 2.1 N/A
Andrew Graham Independent 251 0.7 N/A
General Election 1997
Turnout: 43,428 (75.7%) -3.0
Labour gain from Conservative
Majority: 10,182 (23.4%)
Clive Efford Labour 23,710 54.6 +12.7
Clive Blackwood Conservative 13,528 31.2 -14.8
Amanda Taylor Liberal Democrat 3,701 8.5 -3.2
M Clark Referendum Party 1,414 3.3 N/A
H Middleton Liberal 584 1.3 N/A
William Hitches BNP 491 1.1 N/A
General Election 1992
Turnout: 40,929 (78.7%)
Conservative hold
Majority: 1,666 (4.07%)
Peter Bottomley Conservative 18,813 46.0
Clive Efford Labour 17,147 41.9
Christopher McGinty Liberal Democrat 4,804 11.7
Andrew Graham Independent 165 0.4
General Election 1987
Turnout: 76.92%
Conservative hold
Majority: 6,460 (15.53%)
Peter Bottomley Conservative 19,752 47.50
D. Vaughn Labour 13,292 31.96
E.J. Randall Liberal 8,542 20.54
General Election 1983
Turnout: 74.1% (N/A)
Conservative hold
Majority: 7,592 (18.62%)
Peter Bottomley Conservative 19,530 47.9 N/A
C.P. Moore Labour 11,938 29.3 N/A
E.J. Randall Liberal 9,030 22.2 N/A
P. Banks BNP 276 0.7 N/A

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, Eltham elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°27′22″N 0°03′43″E / 51.456°N 0.062°E / 51.456; 0.062