Ely Place

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Coordinates: 51°31′7″N 0°6′25″W / 51.51861°N 0.10694°W / 51.51861; -0.10694

An 18th-century plan of Ely House
The beadles' gatehouse

Ely Place is a gated road at the southern tip of the London Borough of Camden in London, England. It is the location of the historic Ye Olde Mitre public house and is adjacent to Hatton Garden. It is the last privately owned street in London, originally set up as an exclave of Cambridgeshire for the Bishops of Ely, and is managed to this day by its own body of commissioners and beadles.[1]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The cul-de-sac was constructed in 1772 by Robert Taylor on land which had been the site of Ely Palace or Ely House, the London townhouse of the Bishops of Ely from 1290 to 1772.[2] Land in the Holborn area was bought by John de Kirkby in 1280. He was appointed Bishop of Ely in 1286 and upon his death in 1290, left the estate to the see of Ely.[2]

The estate was granted to Sir Christopher Hatton in 1577 after a commission was set up by Queen Elizabeth I, headed by John Aylmer (Bishop of London) to investigate the claims that Sir Christopher Hatton should be granted the freehold of the land after he acquired a 21 years lease on the estate and spent a sum of the £1,887 5 shillings and Eight Pence on renovations and repairs. The commission declared (June 1577) that Ely Place should stay with the then Bishop Cox if he could reimburse Sir Christopher Hatton in whole for the outlay to which he could not. A new lease was then drawn up giving Sir Christopher Hatton control of the entire property (freehold). He gave his name to Hatton Garden which is on the site.

The estate was sold to the Crown in 1772 and Edmund Keene as Bishop of Ely commissioned a new Ely House, also built by Taylor, on Dover Street, Mayfair.[2]

In medieval times, bishops of Ely frequently held high state office requiring them to live in London. There are references to Ely Palace grounds in Shakespeare’s plays. It was at the house that in King Richard II, the Bard had John of Gaunt – who was living there in 1382 – say his "This royal throne of Kings, this sceptre’d isle" speech.[3]

Ely House and St Ethedreda's chapel in 1772, wood engraving of 1878 after an old drawing

St Etheldreda's Church[edit]

St Etheldreda's Church in Ely Place is the former private chapel of the Bishops of Ely. It is still standing today, and is the only surviving building in London from the reign of Edward I (1239–1307) though it was badly damaged during World War II. St Etheldreda, a seventh-century queen and nun, was the saint in whose name Ely Cathedral was founded. The gardens of St Etheldreda were said to produce the finest strawberries in London and a Strawberry Fayre is held here every June. In Shakespeare’s Richard III, Gloucester tells the Bishop of Ely: "My Lord of Ely, when I was last in Holborn, I saw good strawberries in your garden there. I do beseech you, send for some of them".

Commissioners[edit]

Ely Place in the sixteenth century.

In 1842 a local Act of Parliament established a body of commissioners for paving, lighting, watching, cleansing and improving Ely Place and Ely Mews, Holborn, in the County of Middlesex.[4] While the commissioners have lost most of their powers to local authorities established under the Metropolis Management Act 1855 and later legislation, they retain their "watching" duties, with a beadle discharging these duties.

Transport[edit]

To the east is Farringdon Road and to the south is Holborn Circus. To the north is a gate leading to Bleeding Heart Yard. The nearest underground stations are Farringdon to the north-east and Chancery Lane to the west.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://old.qi.com/talk/viewtopic.php?t=6193&start=0&sid=f406aecb8793542948bdc15ec2677030
  2. ^ a b c Richardson, J., The Annals of London, (2000)
  3. ^ King Richard II Act 2, Scene 1
  4. ^ 5 & 6 Vict. c.xlviii

External links[edit]