|City of Elyria|
Location of Elyria, Ohio
|Country||United States of America|
|• Mayor||Holly Brinda (D)|
|• Total||20.84 sq mi (53.98 km2)|
|• Land||20.57 sq mi (53.28 km2)|
|• Water||0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)|
|Elevation||715 ft (218 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||54,086|
|• Density||2,651.1/sq mi (1,023.6/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||44035, 44036, 44039, 44074|
|GNIS feature ID||1040177|
Elyria is a city in and the county seat of Lorain County, Ohio, United States, located at the forks of the Black River in the state's northeast. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 54,533. The city is named for its founder, Heman Ely, and the Greek name Illyria. The city is home to Lorain County Community College.
This area was occupied for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. It began to be settled by European Americans after the American Revolutionary War, when demand for land drove settlers west along the Great Lakes from New York and New England.
Elyria was founded along the Black River (Ohio) in 1817 by Heman Ely, who built a log house, dam, gristmill, and sawmill on the site. Ely began to build more houses to accommodate European-American settlers migrating to what was then called the Northwest Territory. By the time Ely died in 1852, Elyria had five churches, three grocery stores, three flour mills, a newspaper, and a population of more than 1,500. Early postal service from Cleveland was provided by Artemis Beebe, a rider who held the first contract to deliver mail across the Black River.
By the turn of the 20th century, Elyria was a small town of about 8,000. In 1908, Elyria Memorial Hospital was built. It has since evolved into an award-winning regional healthcare system. In the first half of the 20th century, the town developed some manufacturing, as well as a range of retail businesses.
In August 1967, at the peak of Elyria's population, Midway Mall was opened. It changed the local economy by attracting local businesses from the town center or causing so much competition they went out of business. Industrial restructuring meant that good jobs left the area, and poverty increased. In the August 1975, tensions between Elyria's black community and the Elyria Police Department erupted in a riot after Officer Michael Killean shot Maxwell in the back, killing him. The outrage from Elyria's black community resulted in broad vandalism; buildings and shops were burned, particularly in the southern and western portions of the town, finally brought under control by State Guard troops during a 3-day patrol. Meanwhile, three major car plant closings in the area lead to economic stagnation and joblessness in the 1970s and 80s that affected numerous communities. The region was nicknamed "the Rustbelt," suggesting the decline of its former industries.
In the 1990s, Elyria had a minor revival with construction of some new roads and housing. It serves as a residential, suburban "bedroom community" for Cleveland, located to the east, where new businesses and industries are developing with an increase in new jobs.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.84 square miles (53.98 km2), of which, 20.57 square miles (53.28 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2) is water.
The Black River flows through Elyria.
As of the census of 2010, there were 54,533 people, 22,400 households, and 14,093 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,651.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,023.6 /km2). There were 25,085 housing units at an average density of 1,219.5 per square mile (470.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.1% White, 15.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.9% of the population.
There were 22,400 households of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.5% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 38.1 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.8% were from 45 to 64; and 14.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 55,953 people, 22,409 households, and 14,834 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,813.7 people per square mile (1,086.2/km²). There were 23,841 housing units at an average density of 1,198.9 per square mile (462.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.3% White, 14.2% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.95% from other races, and 2.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.78% of the population.
There were 22,409 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,156, and the median income for a family was $45,846. Males had a median income of $34,898 versus $24,027 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,344. About 9.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
Elyria is served by Elyria Memorial Hospital.
Recreation and parks
Elyria has a large number of parks and recreational centers that include a variety of activities such as baseball, playground equipment. The four recreational centers are named after their location on the map - North, East, South, and West. They each include one or more baseball fields and at least two tennis courts. There are two main parks, Cascade and Elywood, which are connected by a drive-on ford in the center.
Cascade Park is the largest and most popular park in Elyria. The park is located in a ravine carved by the same glaciers that created the Great Lakes. Cascade park has a large playground and a large hill used for seating at the 4th of July fireworks show, and is a popular spot for sledding during winter months. The park is centered along the Black River.
Elyria is home to many businesses and several worldwide headquarters. Invacare, the Ridge Tool Company, Diamond Products, Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems, and EMC Precision Machining are all headquartered in Elyria. Riddell operates a factory in Elyria. Elyria Plating Corporation has been in the same location since 1937.
Elyria has a large number of public and private schools including Elyria High School. The Elyria City Schools district consisted at one time two high school, three junior high schools, nine elementary schools, and one kindergarten school. Elyria is also home to Elyria Catholic High School. In 2010 Elyria High School was torn down for plans to build a new one.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2013)|
The general airport for Elyria and Lorain is the Lorain County Regional Airport (located in New Russia Township), and Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport is the nearest major airport. The Elyria Amtrak Station provides train transportation.
Elyria in popular culture
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2013)|
The film Take Shelter includes a scene in which Michael Shannon enters the Elyria Main branch library and looks for books. The character of Officer Richard Lymangood, in the film Blue Thunder, was born in Elyria, according to the helicopter terminal database.
||This article contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. (August 2013)|
- D. C. Anderson, stage actor
- Sherwood Anderson, writer, lived and worked here as owner of a business for a time in the early 1900s, before abandoning his business and family in 1912.
- Wayne Barlow, composer (1912–1996)
- Keefe Brasselle, actor, title role of the 1953 movie The Eddie Cantor Story
- Thelma Drake, politician
- Jackson C. Frank, folk singer/songwriter
- Arthur Lovett Garford, padded bicycle seat inventor and automobile manufacturer
- Doug Gillard, musician and songwriter, lead guitarist for Guided by Voices
- Vic Janowicz, former baseball and football player, 1950 Heisman Trophy winner
- Anodea Judith, author, therapist, public speaker and expert on the Chakra system
- Robert Edwin Lee, playwright and lyricist
- Tianna Madison, track and field athlete (2005 World Championship Long Jump Gold Medalist, 2012 Olympic 4x100 Relay Gold Medalist)
- Brianne McLaughlin, attended Elyria Catholic High School, became an Olympic medal winner (2010 & 2014) ice hockey goaltender
- Les Miles, LSU Tigers head football coach
- Haruki Nakamura, professional football player
- Danny Noble, professional football player for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- Tim Rattay, professional football player
- Clayton Rawson, mystery writer, editor, and amateur magician
- Sean Saley, drummer for Pentagram
- Chad Szeliga, drummer for Breaking Benjamin.
- Steve Tovar, professional football player
- Victoria Wells Wulsin, born in the town, became a medical doctor and international epidemiologist
- Norma Jean Wright, former lead singer for the band CHIC
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 118.
- USPS, Elyria post office display
- "Greetings from ELYRIA, OHIO: History". Elyriapride.elyria.com. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- Mancine, Benjamin (2004). Elyria in Vintage Postcards. Chicago, Illinois: Arcadia Publishing.
- Roberson, Lisa (8-7-2012). "Demolition to begin Monday at Elyria High School". The Chronicle Telegram.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Elyria, Ohio.|
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (October 2012)|
- Elyria City Schools
- Elyria High School
- Elyria Catholic High School
- First Baptist Christian School
- St Jude School
- St. Mary School
- Lorain County Community College
- Ohio Business College
- The Chronicle Telegram - Local newspaper
- Elyria, Ohio Business & Living - In-depth information about local businesses
- LorainCounty.com - Local community site
- Invest Elyria - Community action/improvement group
- Elyria travel guide from Wikivoyage