Emília Vášáryová

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Emília Vášáryová
Emiliavasaryova.jpg
Born (1942-05-18) 18 May 1942 (age 72)
Horná Štubňa, Slovak Republic
Other names Milka Vášáryová
Emília Vášáryová-Horská [1]
Emília Čorbová(per marriage)
Occupation actress, university professor
Years active 1958-present
Employer NS, Bratislava (1963-64)
SND, Bratislava (since 1964)
Organization VŠMU, Bratislava
Spouse(s) Ivan Horský (1968-1976)
Milan Čorba (1977-2013)
Children Tomáš Horský (*1969)
Juraj Čorba (*1978)
Relatives Magda Vášáryová (sister)
Milan Lasica(brother-in-law)
Signature Emília Vášáryová's signature
Website
Slovak National Theater

Emília Vášáryová, Doctor Artis Dramaticae (hon.) (Slovak: [ˈɛmiːlija ˈvaːʃaːrijovaː]; born 18 May 1942)[2] is a Slovak stage and screen actress, referred to as the First Lady of Slovak Theater.[3][4] During her over five decades long career, she has received numerous awards including the Meritorious Artist (1978),[5] Alfréd Radok Award (1996),[6] Czech Lion Award[7] Golden Goblet Award (2008), [8] and most recently the honorary degree Doctor Artis Dramaticae Honoris Causa (2010) as the only female to date,[9] and ELSA (2010).[10] While her sister is former diplomat Magdaléna Vášáryová,[11] Czech media regards herself as a Honorary Consul of Czech and Slovak Relations.[12]

Biography[edit]

1942–58: Early years and St. Peter's Umbrella[edit]

Vášáryová was born in Horná Štubňa, the First Slovak Republic. However, and along with younger sister Magdaléna (who became a popular actress herself), she was raised in Banská Štiavnica, where both their parents taught. Her father, Jozef Vášáry, taught Slovak literature and grammar at gymnasium, and mother Hermína german language.[13]

Since childhood, Vášáryová played amateur theater, as well as participated in gymnastics. While at JSŠ highschool in Štiavnica, she was chosen for a cameo role in the Slovak/Hungarian film St. Peter's Umbrella. She played a servant-girl with only one line "I'm coming, I'm coming!".[14] The color motion picture was released in both regions at the Christmas 1958 with her name not credited.

1959–63: Academy of Performing Arts and The Cassandra Cat[edit]

Although decided to proceed with languages study, or history of art at university, due to lacking so-called "confidential files" (issued by Communist Party of Czechoslovakia), Vášáryová continues at Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava with theater, eventually.[15]

When at college, she receives a few of supporting roles in two black-and-white films. Marching Is Not Always Fun (1960) and Midnight Mass (1962). In Young Ages (1962) she showed up for the first time on television. Her breakthrough came with a lead role (as "Diana") in Vojtěch Jasný's The Cassandra Cat, in which a magic cat reveals the true nature of everyone he looks at. The film premiered at the Canness in May 1963, scoring two major awards in France. C.S.T. Prize and Special Jury. Cassandra Cat won a number of awards at various international festivals in Spain, Greece, Colombia and Italy.[16]

In December 1963, A Face at the Window (directed by Peter Solan) is opened with Ladislav Chudík and Štefan Kvietik in the leads, of which both will have a significant impact on the Vášáryová's career. Chudík in onstage terms next year, while Kvietik as her frequent "husband" in many a film.[citation needed]

1964–69: National Theater, A Jester's Tale, Janko Borodáč award and Golden Croc[edit]

In 1964, following an offer from drama chief Ladislav Chudík, Vášáryová joined the ensemble of the Slovak National Theatre on August 1, despite noticed frustration from senior actors to whom she appeared too young and inexperienced for the stage of first order. Prior to that, she spent one season at New Scene, having appeared in four productions in total due to Magda Husáková-Lokvencová, the first spouse of the final President of Czechoslovakia, Gustáv Husák.[17]

Her debut at the national playhouse was as Ophelia in a production of Hamlet.[18] For Shakespeare's Helena in A Midsummer Night's Dream, and Lope de Vega's Florelle in the comedy The Dancing Master, she received the Janko Borodáč Award in 1967.

On film, the actress appeared in A Jester's Tale, which brought Karel Zeman two awards at the San Francisco IFF '64 (for Best Film and Best Direction), and the first prize at Addis Ababa IFF '64 in Ethiopia.[19]

Other full-length films included St. Elizabeth Square (1965), Master Executioner (1966), Trailer People (1966), The Dragon's Return (1967) and There's No Other Way (1968). Simultaneously, Vášáryová began a television career, winning in Brno the first edition of the TV national contest Golden Croc in 1968[X] as the Most Popular Actress '67.[citation needed]

1970–75: Copper Tower, The Day Which Does Not Die and Who Leaves in the Rain[edit]

Along with acting onstage (in Herodes and Herodias by Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Gorky's Vassa Zheleznova and The Last Ones, Palárik's Thanksgiving Adventure, Sophocles's Antigona and Tolstoy-Piscator's War and Peace), Vášáryová developed her television career, with roles in The Balade for the Seven Hanged (1968), Parisian Mohicans (1971), Noodledom (1971), The Shepherd Wife (1972), Monna Vanna (1973), and Impatient Heart (1974; in which her sister Magda co-starred). She was cast in several films. Copper Tower, directed by Martin Hollý Jr. (who collaborated with Vášáryová in The Balade for the Seven Hanged), which earned a Special Prize at the 21st Film Festival of Proletariats (FFP) in 1970. Martin Ťapák's The Day Which Does Not Die received various domestic awards for director and lead male (actor Štefan Kvietik).[citation needed]

1976–80: Red Wine, The Lawyer and Meritorious Artist title[edit]

The second half of the 70s became a very successful season for the artist, whose work was appreciated in film, and that much in theater. As "Zuza" in Who Leaves in the Rain (directed by Hollý Jr), Vášáryová received in Prague ZČDU Award at the 13th Festival of Czechoslovak Film (FČSF) as Best Actress in 1975.

Red Wine by Andrej Lettrich, who received the State Prize of Klement Gottwald for the direction, gained her much popularity on the screen, as well as on television (where the drama was split in two-episode TV series). The Lawyer, also the Lettrich's picture, won the Best Film award at the 16th Festival of Czechoslovak Film (FČSF) in České Budějovice in 1978, and brought Vášáryová herself her second ZČDU Award at the 21st Karlovy Vary International Film Festival (1978) in Karlovy Vary, and in commom with the ÚV SZŽ Gold Plaque. She was also awarded the honorary title of Meritorious Artist.[citation needed]

1981–89: Plavčík and Vratko, About Fame and Grass, and Andrej Bagar award[edit]

The 1980s were not significant years, although she appeared in more than 30 television movies. Her film career stalled after she reached her forties. The only two pictures she co-starred in were fairy-tale Plavčík and Vratko (1981), directed by Martin Ťapák as their third collaboration (the earlier films featured Journey to San Jago and the Day Which Does Not Die), and About Fame and Grass, a short story by Peter Solan (1984). Costume designer of both movies was Vášáryová's second husband, Milan Čorba.[citation needed]

She began to focus solely on her stage career. She played the lead role in Iphigenia in Tauris. At the end of the decade, Vášáryová began lecturing theater at the Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava. (One of her former students was also Barbora Bobuľová, who later achieved an international career, including David di Donatello and Nastro d'Argento award).[17]

1990–96: Ministry of Culture prize, Telemuse, Red Gypsy, Hazard and Radok award[edit]

Following the prize for her lifetime contribution, delivered by Ministry of Culture in 1991, Vášáryová launched the fourth decade of her active playing in TV. Amongs other sixteen pieces the actress made for TV in nineties, Vášáryová was also given (as opposite to Martin Huba) the lead female part in Marguerite Duras'es play La Musica, for which she won in 1992 a Telemuse Award as Best TV Actress. At the same time, and almost eight years since her last appearance onscreen, the actress returned to films as "Silvia" in Red Gypsy (1992), directed by Branislav Mišík. She was cast in Hazard (1995), Roman Petrenko's debut, based on a true story, in which she co-starred with Marek Vašut. Tomáš Krnáč assigned Vášáryová in the short film, The Higher Power (1996), in the role of a diva diagnosed with a serious illness. In theater, she was acclaimed for her performance as "the Younger Sister" in Thomas Bernhard's play Ritter, Dene, Voss. presented at the Theatre on the Balustrade in Prague in 1996.[citation needed]

1997–00: Orbis Pictus, Blue Heaven, Crystal Wing, Cosy Dens and Dosky award[edit]

Since the second half of the nineties, fifty years old Vášáryová successfully rebuilt her legend on the screen, as a result of new challenging roles the actress was to receive. Following The Cage, she left television for almost a decade. She appeared in Martin Šulík's Orbis Pictus, which was lauded at the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg,[20] Vášáryová was given the role of mother. So was in Eva Borušovičová's official debut Blue Heaven (1997) that received nominations on several festivals, including at the 32nd Karlovy Vary IFF[21] or at the independent Cinequest Film Festival held annually in San Jose, California.[22] Return to Paradise Lost by Vojtěch Jasný was a Montréal WFF nominee, her next picture Cosy Dens (1999) was a comedy, directed by Jan Hřebejk.[23] and Vášáryová would become more importantly the director's protégé also in 2000s. For her stage performances, for the role of Agnes in the Edward Albee play, A Delicate Balance she received the Crystal Wing in 1999 as Best Artist in Theater/Film. As the Old Woman in Ionesco's absurdist tragedy The Chairs, she received the Dosky Award, Jozef Kroner Award and Literature Fund award (all 2000).

2001–05: Actress of the Century, Václav Havel prize, Up and Down and Czech Lion[edit]

In 2001, Vášáryová won a national journalist pool, being rated as the "Slovak Actress of the Century" in Slovakia.[24][25]

Notes
  • X ^ The original show ran until 1989. Though a similar pool 'Television Bells' also ran in the Czechoslovakia since 1985. In 1990 Golden Croc was replaced by I Like (that lasts the only year actually), and starting 1991 TýTý Awards is effective in the Czech Republic. In Slovakia, the OTO Awards were founded in 2000.

Filmography[edit]

Awards[edit]

Year Award Category Nominated work(s) Result
Cinema
1975 ZČDU Award
  • Best Actress
Who Leaves in the Rain... Slovakia Won
1978 The Lawyer Slovakia Won
ÚV SZŽ Gold Plaque Slovakia Won
2004 Czech Lion Up and Down Czech Republic Won
2005 Cinema Award Czech Republic Won
SFZ Reward Slovakia Won
ÚSTT Reward Slovakia Won
LitFond Award Slovakia Yes
2008 Golden Goblet Václav China Won
Czech Lion
  • Best Supporting Actress
Nasty Czech Republic NominatedA
Television
1968 Golden Croc
  • Most Popular Actress
various TV performances Czech Republic Won
1992 Telemuse
  • Best Actress
La Musica (by M.Duras)/Mother of Jesus Slovakia Won
1995 The Broken Hearts Slovakia Won
1999 Golden Loop Guarding Tess Slovakia Won
2001 Igric Award
  • Best Actress
The Cage Slovakia Won[26]
OTO Awards various TV performances Slovakia NominatedB
2002 Slovakia NominatedC
2003 Slovakia NominatedD
2004 Slovakia NominatedE
2005 Slovakia NominatedE
2009 Slovakia NominatedF
ELSA Award
  • Best Actress
The Archive Czech Republic Won
2010 OTO Award various TV performances Slovakia Won
2011 Slovakia Nominated
Stage
1967 Janko Borodáč Award
  • Best Actress
The Dancing Master (by L. de Vega)/
A Midsummer Night's Dream (by W.Shakespeare)
Slovakia Won
1983 Andrej Bagar Award Iphigenia in Tauris (by J.W. von Goethe) Slovakia Won[26]
1996 Alfréd Radok Award Ritter, Dene, Voss (by T.Bernhard) Czech Republic Won
LitFond Award
  • Theater Act
The Cherry Orchard (by A.Chekhov) Czech Republic Won[26]
1998 Crystal Wing
  • Best Act – Theater/Film
A Delicate Balance (by E.Albee) Slovakia Won
2000 DOSKY Award
  • Best Actress
The Chairs (by E.Ionesco) Slovakia Won
Jozef Kroner Award Slovakia Won
LitFond Award Slovakia Won[26]
2002 Master Class (by T.McNally) Slovakia Won[26]
DOSKY Award Slovakia Won
2003 Tatra Banka Reward
  • Best Performance
Unknown Slovakia Won
2004 DOSKY Award
  • Best Actress
The Goat, or, Who is Sylvia? (by E.Albee) Slovakia Won
2006 Kobanadi Award Joseph and Marie (by P.Turrini) Czech Republic Won
To Najlepšie z Humoru Festival
  • Audience Choice
The Last Cigar (by B.Ahlfors) Czech Republic Won
Notes
  • A Won Lenka Termerová for her role of Mother in Děti noci directed by Michaela Pavlátová.[27]
  • B Won Zdena Studenková. Vášáryová was ranked as the third, following Anna Šišková.[28]
  • C Won Zdena Studenková. Vášáryová was ranked as the third, following Kamila Magálová.[28]
  • D Won Zdena Studenková. Vášáryová was ranked as the second, followed by Kamila Magálová.[28]
  • E Won Zdena Studenková. Vášáryová was ranked as the third, following Magda Paveleková.[28]
  • F Won Petra Polnišová. Vášáryová was ranked as the third, following Gabriela Dzúriková.[28]

Lifetime honors and other achievements[edit]

Year Award/Category Nominated work Result
1970 For Outstanding Work Herself Slovakia Honored
1978 Meritorious Artist Slovakia Honored
1991 Slovak Ministry of Culture Prize Slovakia Honored
2001 Actress of the Century (by Slovak Journalists Syndicate) Slovakia Honored
Actor's Mission Award Slovakia Honored
2002 Ľudovít Štúr Order, 1st class (State decoration) Slovakia Honored
2003 Karel Čapek Award 2002 Slovakia Honored
Václav Havel Prize – The Medal of Merit Czech Republic Honored
2005 Pavol Strauss Award (by UKF Nitra) Slovakia Honored
2007 LitFond Award Slovakia Honored
2008 OTO Award – Hall of Fame Slovakia Honored
2009 Artis Bohemiae Amicis (by Czech Ministry of Culture) Czech Republic Honored
2010 Doctor Artis Dramaticae Honoris Causa (by JAMU) Czech Republic Honored
2012 Bratislavian Blueberry (by Honorary Council of J.Satinský) Slovakia Honored[29]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ Kaplan, Mike (1981). Variety: International Showbusiness Reference. Garland Publishing. p. 321, 22nd ed. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (English)
  2. ^ Strhan, Milan; Daniel, David P. (1994). Slovakia And The Slovaks: A Concise Encyclopedia. Encyclopedical Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. p. 681. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (English)
  3. ^ "Emília Vášáryová – The First Lady of Slovak Theater". SME. Petit Press. 16 May 2008. kultura.sme.sk. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Slovak)
  4. ^ a b Uhrinová, Mária (2 July 2004). "The First Lady of Slovak Acting–Emilia Vašáryová". ŽENA-IN. Redakce Žena-in.cz. zena-in.cz. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Czech)
  5. ^ "Personalities – Emília Vášáryová". Občianske združenie Osobnosti. OZO. osobnosti.sk. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Slovak)
  6. ^ "Alfréd Radok Award – Winners 1996". Aura-Pont. inCMS. cenyradoka.cz. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Czech)
  7. ^ Czech Lion Award for Best Actress (2004),Hapčo, Peter (21 October 2008). "What I Can't Have In Life, I Don't Miss". MY Žilinské noviny. Petit Press. zilina.sk. Retrieved 29 March 2011.  (Slovak)
  8. ^ "Golden Goblet Award – Winners 2008". SIFF. Shanghai International Film Festival. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Chinese)/(English)
  9. ^ "Emília Vášáryová – Doctor Artis Dramaticae Honoris Causa". Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts. Janáčkova akademie múzických umění v Brně. 8 January 2010. Retrieved 29 March 2011.  (Czech)
  10. ^ "ELSA – Winners 2010". Czech Television. Czech Film Television Academy. 20 December 2010. ceskatelevize.cz. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Czech)
  11. ^ Churaň, Milan (1998). Who Was Who In Our History In The 20th Century. Libri Publishing. pp. 482, 2nd ed. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Czech)
  12. ^ Kočičková, Kateřina (1 April 2006). "Vášáryová se nestylizuje do zvláštních osudů". Mladá fronta DNES. MAFRA. kultura.idnes.cz. Retrieved 26 April 2013.  (Czech)
  13. ^ Mikovíny, Samuel. "Magda Vášáryová". The City of Banská Štiavnica. Mesto Banská Štiavnica. banskastiavnica.sk. Retrieved 29 March 2011.  (Slovak)
  14. ^ Svoboda, Otakar (5 April 2006). "Culture ČT24 interview with Vášáryová". ČT24. Czech Television. ceskatelevize.cz. Retrieved 21 March 2011.  (Czech)
  15. ^ "Emília Vášáryová – Biography". Filmovízia. Šablóna Awesome. filmovizia.com. Retrieved 29 March 2011.  (Slovak)
  16. ^ "The Cassandra Cat – Distribution Sheet". National Film Archive in Prague. Národní filmový archiv v Praze. nfa.cz. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Czech)
  17. ^ a b c Čorná, Tina (18 December 2008). "Life Is Too Hard To Remember It As Such Romantic". Týždenník Žurnál. TV Tip. izurnal.sk. Retrieved 29 March 2011.  (Slovak)
  18. ^ Donovalová, Katarína (2009). "Emília Vášáryová – Actress, Teacher, Meritorious Artist". Peter Klinec. Banská Bystrica: Mikuláš Kováč's Public Library. vkmk.sk. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Slovak)
  19. ^ "The Jester's Tale – Distribution Sheet". National Film Archive in Prague. Národní filmový archiv v Praze. Retrieved 31 March 2011.  (Czech)
  20. ^ "Orbis Pictus (Awards)". Internet Movie Database. IMDb. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  (English)
  21. ^ "Slovak Film Database-> Blue Heaven-> Awards". Slovak Film Database. SFD. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  (Slovak)
  22. ^ "Blue Heaven -> Awards". Internet Movie Database. IMDb. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  (English)
  23. ^ "Cosy Dens -> Awards". Internet Movie Database. IMDb. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  (English)
  24. ^ Čahojová, Adriána. "Emília Vášáryová Interview – I Have My Wimps". TV Tip. Mojcasopis.sk. soubiz.sk. Retrieved 29 March 2011. "8.I.2010 udělen čestný doktorát JAMU významné slovenské herečce a profesorce herectví Emílii Vášáryové"  (Czech)
  25. ^ "Emília Vášáryová – The Slovak Actress of the Century". Total HelpArt. THA. p. 23. Retrieved 10 May 2014.  (English)
  26. ^ a b c d e "50 Years of LitFond – 1954–2004". Slovak Literature Fond. SLF. pp. 233, 250, 255, 258, 288. Retrieved 8 May 2011.  (Slovak)
  27. ^ "Czech Lion 2008 -> Results". Czech Film and Television Academy. Vachler Art Company. kinobox.cz. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  (Czech)
  28. ^ a b c d e "Television Screen Personality (OTO – Osobnosť televíznej obrazovky) -> Emília Vášáryová Awards". Art Production Agency. Ringier Axel Springer Slovakia. anketaoto.sk. Retrieved 3 July 2011.  (Slovak)
  29. ^ "Mesto a jeho správa > Bratislavská čučoriedka > Kategória Osobnosť". Hlavné mesto SR Bratislava. BKIS. bratislava.sk. Retrieved 16 May 2013.  (Slovak)

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]