|This article does not cite any references or sources. (January 2013)|
Емануїл Йонович Квірінг
|Leader of Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine|
10 April 1923 – 7 April 1925
|Preceded by||Dmitriy Manuilsky|
|Succeeded by||Lazar Kaganovich|
23 October 1918 – 6 March 1919
|Preceded by||Serafima Hopner|
|Succeeded by||Stanislav Kosior|
September 13, 1888|
Novouzensk uyezd, Samara Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||November 26, 1937
Moscow, Soviet Union
|Alma mater||Petersburg Politech|
Born into a German family in Friesenthal (now Novolypovka, near Samara, Russia, he became a socialist activist and politician (Socialist-Revolutionary Party from 1906 to 1912, and Bolshevik Party beginning in 1912).
After World War I and the Bolshevik Revolution, he was a leader of the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine (October 1918 - March 1919, and April 1923 - March 1925). He was an opponent of the "Ukrainization" policy, so he had to leave Kharkiv for Moscow. Then he worked as an economist in the State Planning Committee (Gosplan). In 1937, he was arrested and executed by NKVD.