|Motto||Pour Bien Desirer
(French: The Noble Aim)
|Type||Private school (Emanuel school)|
|Headmaster||M. D. Hanley-Browne, MA|
|Chair of Governors||F. R. Abbott Esq|
|Founder||Lady Dacre, Elizabeth I|
|Houses||Clyde, Drake, Howe, Lyons, Marlborough, Nelson, Rodney, Wellington|
Navy Blue and Gold
|Former pupils||Old Emanuels (OEs)|
Emanuel School is a co-educational private school in Battersea, south-west London. The school was founded in 1594 by Anne Sackville, Lady Dacre and Queen Elizabeth I and occupies a 12 acre site near to Clapham Junction railway station.
The school is part of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference and at the start of the 2013-14 academic year had 760 pupils between the ages of ten and eighteen, paying fees of £16,404 per year. It teaches the GCSE and A-Level syllabuses.
- 1 History
- 2 School Houses
- 3 Academic life
- 4 Sporting life
- 5 Creative life
- 6 The Sixth Form
- 7 Activities, Associations and Societies
- 8 Redevelopment
- 9 Local and international partnerships
- 10 Publications
- 11 Emanuel as a filming location
- 12 Terminology
- 12.1 Boat Club Square
- 12.2 Blagdons
- 12.3 Colours
- 12.4 Conduct Card
- 12.5 Exeat
- 12.6 Founder's Day
- 12.7 Hampden Hall
- 12.8 Headmaster's Address
- 12.9 Imposition
- 12.10 Lower School
- 12.11 OE (Old Emanuel)
- 12.12 Out of Bounds
- 12.13 Prefect's Duties
- 12.14 Second Master
- 12.15 Signature
- 12.16 Upper School
- 12.17 Valedictory
- 13 Old Emanuel Association
- 14 Dacre Day
- 15 Notable Old Emanuels
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Emanuel School is one of five schools administered by the United Westminster Schools’ Foundation. It came into being by the will of Anne Sackville, Lady Dacre, dated 1594. Lady Dacre was daughter of Sir Richard Sackville by his wife Winifred, daughter of Sir John Bruges/Brydges/Brugge, Lord Mayor of London in 1520-1. Her brother was Thomas, 1st Earl of Dorset. She married Gregory Fiennes of Herstmonceaux and Chelsea, 10th Baron Dacre, in November 1558. He died on 25 September 1594 and she followed him, dying on 14 May (buried 15 May) 1595.
Her epitaph states:
- Faeminei lux clara chori, pia, casta, pudica, aegis subsidium, pauperibusque decus.
Lady Dacre wrote that one of the main aims of the Foundation should be "for the bringing up of children in virtue and good and laudable arts so that they might better live in time to come by their honest labour." With Lady Dacre's benefaction in 1594, Emanuel Hospital (almshouses and school), as it was first called, began. The children wore long brown tunics, rather similar in cut to those still worn by pupils at Christ's Hospital. Thanks to the interest of Queen Elizabeth I, cousin to Lady Dacre, a charter was drawn up, and the school and almshouses were established on a site at Tothill Fields, Westminster. Mention is made of the Hospital and similar foundations in an undated letter written by Daniel Defoe, entitled A Scheme for a Royal Palace in the Place of White-Hall.
In 1883, the school sought larger, newer buildings for the children; and the boy boarders, as they all then were, moved to the present buildings on the edge of Wandsworth Common.
In 2008, the school celebrated the 125th Anniversary of its move to its present site on Wandsworth Common with a special commemorative service held in May at Chelsea Old Church, the burial place of Anne Sackville.
Headmasters & Headmistresses
- The Rev. A. Towsey, 1883–1894
- The Rev. Dr A Chilton MVO, DD, 1894–1905
- The Rev. H. Buchanan-Riley, 1905–1913
- S. Goodwin, 1914–1927
- G. H. Wyatt (acting), 1927–1928
- C. M. Broom, 1928–1953
- J. B. Grundy, 1953–1963
- W. S. Hipkins (acting), 1964
- C. C. Kuper, 1964–1975
- P. Hendry, 1975–1984
- P. F. Thomson, 1984–1994
- T Jones-Parry, 1994–1998
- Mrs A. M. Sutcliffe, 1998–2004
- M. D. Hanley-Browne, 2004-
Like his predecessors, the present Headmaster is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC). A graduate of the University of Oxford (biological sciences), Mark Hanley-Browne did postgraduate teacher training at the University of Cambridge. Prior to taking up his appointment at Emanuel, he was Deputy Headmaster at Highgate and Head of Careers and Higher Education at Charterhouse.
Emanuel is an Anglican foundation with the Chapel situated in the main building above the library. Daily Chapel services are led by the Chaplain with regular Holy Communion services and musical concerts. Confirmation is available with the Chaplain who holds regular confirmation classes for pupils, whilst the Chapel is open for the use of pupils, teachers, staff and parents every day. Paintings of Moses and Aaron that formed part of the altarpiece of St. Benet Fink are now held in Chapel.
- The Headmaster, 1883–1913
- The Rev. G. W. White, 1914–1916
- The Rev. L. Evans, 1916–1921
- The Rev. M. M. Griffiths, 1951–1963
- The Rev. G. M. Armstead, 1962–1974
- The Rev. A. J. Gilbert, 1974–1985
- The Rev. E. M. Hill, 1985–2005
- The Rev. P. M. Hunt (Senior Chaplain), 2005-
- The Rev. F. Walker (School Chaplain), 2013-
School song and anthem
The School Song is "Pour Bien Desirer". Its words were written by Charles Wilfrid Scott-Giles and its music by H. J. Evans in 1916. The School Anthem is Jerusalem by William Blake with music set by C. Hubert H. Parry in 1916.
Emanuel has eight Houses named after notable military and naval figures from British history. Each House is run by a Housemaster or Housemistress who is a member of the teaching staff, with other staff taking an active role in the support and success of their house. Every pupil is a member of a House throughout their education at the school, with elected House Captains responsible for overall control and discipline of the House.
Houses compete annually for the Parents' Shield which is awarded to the winning house at the end of the competition. Events for competition are wide-ranging, including sport, art, drama, music, science, languages, and current affairs. The annual highlights include the House Regatta, House Cross-Country, House Music, House Drama and Inter-House Athletics Championships. The current champions in 2012-2013 are Marlborough/Lyons.
There are four junior and four senior Houses, where the senior house follows on from its junior equivalent.
|Head of House|
|Howe||Senior||Green||Miss U Casais|
|Nelson||Senior||Orange||R C Hardy|
Emanuel caters for pupils from age 10 to 18, providing education from its mini-prep group, the Hill Form, right through to Sixth Form. Entrance at 10 and 11 comes from a wide range of different schools, and from more than 35 different prep schools as for at 13 via Common Entrance.
The Hill Form was established in 1984 to provide a halfway house between primary and secondary learning. Situated in its own building at the back of the site, Hill caters for up to 20 Year Six pupils who leave primary education a year early to enter the Lower School at Emanuel. Pupils then move up through to Year 7 and the rest of the school as usual. Hill is highly regarded for providing a bridge integrating pupils into the heart of the school, engaging in all aspects available to other Lower School pupils including sports, House events, study and co-curricular activities.
The Sixth Form caters for around 180 pupils across both the Lower and Upper Sixth, who work together as a year group. Entry to the Sixth Form is dependent on gaining good grades at GCSE (though external entry is based on performance in entrance exams at 11+, 13+ and 16+) and entry to the Upper Sixth is conditional on good AS grades.
The school teaches Monday to Friday, the school day beginning at 08.30 and ending at 15.45 with eight thirty-five minute periods (timetabled as single or double blocks). Prep is given to all pupils daily across most subjects. Pupils are required to be free on Saturdays also, as these are also utilised for sporting fixtures, events and detentions, with Wednesday afternoons reserved for senior sports fixtures. There are daily assemblies, including a weekly Chapel service and a House meeting. Termly Headmaster's Addresses are given at the beginning and end of each of three terms.
Uniform is worn from Hill (Year 6) to Year Eleven, with the Sixth Form having its own formal dress code, requiring students to wear a grey, blue or black conventional, two or three-piece business suit, shirt and tie, or female equivalent.
Pupils continue onto leading UK and US universities, drama, music or art colleges upon departing the school.
The school is split into academic faculties as follows:
Sport and Physical Education
- Design and Technology
- Drama and Theatre Studies
- Business Studies and Economics
- Government and Politics
- Religious Studies
Emanuel has a strong history of sporting success amongst the country's leading private schools which continues to this day.
Set in 12 acres (49,000 m2) of grounds, the school is fortunate to have large on-site playing fields and direct private access to Wandsworth Common beyond. Other facilities include a sports centre (opened in 2003 by Will Greenwood) which features an indoor sports hall, multi-tiered climbing wall, indoor cricket nets, fitness suite and weights studio as well as a specialist teaching classroom. There are also three indoor Eton fives courts, three tennis courts, two netball court and a 25m indoor heated swimming pool. Emanuel School Boat Club is based at Wates boathouse (named after OEs and benefactors Ronald, Norman and Allan Wates) situated on the Tideway (River Thames) at Barnes Bridge and there are further extensive playing fields at Blagdon's on the A3 near New Malden, Surrey.
The main competitive sports are rowing, rugby, cricket, netball, hockey, athletics, tennis, swimming and Eton fives. Other sports played on an informal or inter-House basis include basketball, squash, water polo, fencing, golf, table tennis, badminton, orienteering, volleyball and climbing. Following the historic switch away from football to rugby in 1906, football is now only played on an inter-House basis.
The school has many annual inter-house events, the cross-country, House Regatta and inter-House athletics championships being the most prevalent. The cross-country is held each November around Wandsworth Common with the whole school expected to participate, with the inter-house athletics taking place at either Crystal Palace National Sports Centre or Battersea Park. All pupils are expected to make a contribution to sport with compulsory physical education lessons up to GCSE and an additional games afternoon each week which continues through the Sixth Form.
A historic fixture list against other local and national public schools plays out annually in all major sports, whilst the annual Sports Dinner celebrates the achievements of both teams and individuals each year. Opponents include Dulwich College, Latymer Upper, Eton College, Westminster, St Paul's, and City of London.
Historic successes include in tennis, winning the private schools You'll Cup in 1965 and again in 1966 and in fencing, when Paul Walsh won the Boys Junior Foil, Boys Junior Épée, and Boys Junior Sabre events at the Private Schools Fencing Championships in 1992, before winning the same three competitions again as a Senior in 1993.
Annual sports tours have led to exchange programmes between other international HMC schools in Australia and other parts of the world. Tours abroad have included Barbados, Argentina, Chile, Australia, South Africa, Canada, Malta, Seville and New Zealand.
Emanuel School Boat Club (ESBC)
Emanuel School Boat Club (ESBC) was formally established in 1914 and has won the Schools' Head of the River Race a record eleven times. In 1966, the Emanuel crew won the Princess Elizabeth Challenge Cup at Henley Royal Regatta where it still competes to this day. In 1976 and 1981 Emanuel finished as runners up behind Holy Spirit High School, USA.
The club has produced five Olympic oarsmen, several World Championship medallists, and over fifty international 'vests'. In 2007, the Club was honoured when OE Nick Marriott was selected to row for the Oxford University 'Isis' boat in the University Boat Race. In 2013 Chetan Chauhan Sims was the latest student to win his international 'vest' rowing in the Coupe de la Jeunesse.
A history of the Club, Biblicarta: The History of Emanuel School Boat Club was published in 2009 and it will celebrate its centenary in 2014.
Emanuel School Rugby Football Club (ESRFC)
Emanuel School Rugby Football Club (ESRFC) was founded in 1910 and is affiliated to the Rugby Football Union. The Club recently reached the semi-finals of the Daily Mail Vase in 2013 and train alongside Harlequins RFC at the School's playing fields at Blagdon's. Regular training camps depart to Wales, as well as touring around the world to New Zealand, South Africa, Argentina, Canada and Chile.
Emanuel School Cricket Club (ESCC)
Emanuel School Cricket Club (ESCC) was founded in 1926 and plays an annual cricket fixture against the MCC dating back to at least the 1920s. Emanuel has a strong cricket pedigree which has nurtured many county cricketers including Stuart Surridge.
Emanuel celebrates 100 years of playing Eton Fives in summer 2014 and is a member of the Eton Fives Association (EFA). The School refurbished the three indoor Titley Fives Courts in the Summer of 2007. The courts are named after OE A.E. Titley MC, TD, MA Cantab an all-round sportsman and accomplished Fives player at school and at Cambridge. In 2007 Emanuel won the EFA Division III title.
Emanuel prides itself on its rounded approach to education, with a strong history of success in art, music and drama. Its Music Department centres around the Concert Hall which contains seven soundproof practice rooms, full rigs and staging and an organ. A number of ensembles, orchestras and choirs regularly perform nationally and internationally, with annual concerts at Westminster Abbey, St Paul's Cathedral and in services in Malta, Japan, Italy, Spain, Finland, the United States and Slovenia, including being televised and on national radio in the latter. Music tuition is available in all major instruments.
The Drama Department spans across a mix of traditional and contemporary theatre forms and organises a termly school play and an annual school musical, which has ranged from Sweeney Todd to Les Misérables performed either in either the Fiennes Theatre, Studio Theatre or Hampden Hall.
The school's Art Department, accommodated in four studios is active in holding a number of public exhibitions throughout the year including at the SW1 Gallery in Victoria. Sixth Form students take part in a bi-annual residential trip to St Ives, Cornwall.
The Sixth Form
Emanuel's Sixth Form consists of around 180 students across both the Lower Sixth (Year 12) and Upper Sixth (Year 13). A purpose-built Sixth Form Centre provides the base for the group, with its own Common Room overlooking the school playing fields, a cafeteria, lecture room, games room, computer suite, changing rooms and study areas.
In the Lower Sixth, students prepare to bridge the gap between GCSEs and A-Level. All are expected to take four AS Level subjects as well as take part in the wider school community through mentoring junior pupils, participation in the Sixth Form Revue, Charity Week and in activities such as Young Enterprise. The culmination of the year brings specialist talks on further education and careers options and Work Experience at companies of their own choice. Placements in recent years have included City insurance firms, investment banks, hospitals, television and theatrical production, schools and prestigious law firms.
In the Upper Sixth, students prepare for their final A-Level examinations in three or four subjects. In addition, it is the year where students are able to embark on their choices for university through UCAS and take up senior positions within the school, including Senior Prefects, Captains of Sport and leading roles in dramatic and musical productions.
Senior Prefects and the Heads of School are elected each academic year from the Upper Sixth and help the teachers in disciplinary, pastoral, social and cultural organisation of the school, often mentoring junior pupils, running clubs and teams. They are conspicuous by their distinctive gowns, worn on special occasions in either gold (Heads of school) or blue (senior prefects).
Students are expected to make contributions to the school community through mentoring junior forms, participating on Duke of Edinburgh expeditions and competing in national competitions such as the Bank of England's Target 2.0. The highlight of the Upper Sixth is the end-of-year Leavers' Ball - the social highlight of the school calendar.
Activities, Associations and Societies
Emanuel has a strong co-curricular base. The school's Debating Society regularly enters major competitions against other schools and it regularly competes against other schools in the Model United Nations (MUN). In Young Enterprise, a strong record of success has ensured the school has reached the Central London finals for the past four years, whilst it also competes in the Bank of England's Target 2.0, Hans Wodya Mathematics and National Maths Challenge competitions.
The large cohort of Duke of Edinburgh members, approximately 120 pupils, ensures many expeditions and training exercises around the country. There is also a strong stage department who work on bringing numerous theatrical and musical productions to life each year.
A programme of redevelopment and expansion has seen strong investment in the School's facilities and resources over the past few years.
In April 2007, Emanuel opened a new £2 million library in the heart of the School, sitting below the Chapel. The facility includes the main Peter Goddard Room housing approximately 35,000 books and 25 networked computers alongside the Marquand Room in the north courtyard, a Language Library, DVD Library, Periodicals Room and new Careers Centre. A mezzanine floor above the central Peter Goddard Room houses the school archives, silverware and memorabilia as well as the original wooden entrance plaque from Emanuel Hospital.
Stage two of the central redevelopment project, the opening of Queen's Courtyard (South Courtyard), was completed in February 2008, improving access to the English and Chemistry Departments. New cloisters, fountains and pathways have opened the space surrounding the trees planted by HM The Queen and The Queen Mother on their visits, alongside new glass and steel corridors overlooking the new library.
Between 2009 and 2011 the School made a number of improvements to the site including the enclosure of the three Eton fives courts, the redevelopment of the Sixth Form Centre to include new study spaces, common rooms and the Sackville Cafe, an extension to the Refectory overlooking the playing fields and in 2012 it opened the Sir Tim Burners-Lee Suites, new accommodation for the IT Department and named after the inventor of the World Wide Web, a distinguished OE.
The new Fiennes Theatre (named after Gregory Fiennes, Lord Dacre) was opened in October 2013 by Ralph Fiennes and Mike Leigh featuring new seating and state-of-the-art lighting and sound systems. The School's chemistry laboratories, previously furnished in 1998 were also completely redeveloped in the summer of 2014 providing new facilities for the Faculty of Science.
In May 2014, Emanuel commenced groundwork on a new entrance bridge (the Clapham Memorial Bridge, after the train disaster) across Spencer Park, which will open in February 2015 providing a new entry for both vehicle and foot traffic. The current Dacre Block will also be demolished in spring 2015 to make way for a new three-storey building to house much of the Faculty of Humanities alongside new accommodation for the Department of Art.
Local and international partnerships
Emanuel is part of the United Westminster Schools Foundation, and has been since 1873, alongside Westminster City, Sutton Valence, Grey Coat Hospital and Queen Anne's School, Reading.
It has recently developed new partnerships with maintained and private schools locally and abroad. These include a covenant with the local Christ Church Primary School in Battersea, which involves a number of enrichment days and cultural activities and with the Sri Jayendra School in Sankarnagar, Tamil Nadu in India which has been running since 2011. Pupils spend three weeks each summer teaching English and participating in sporting and cultural activities, which have also included a special relationship with the Gita-Krishnamurthy Vidalya Free Primary School which is very closely linked to Sri Jayendra.
In 2014, Emanuel established two partnerships with schools in the United States - The Lawrenceville School in New Jersey and Ravenscroft School in Raleigh, North Carolina whereby pupils benefit from mutual sporting and musical, as well as academic exchanges.
It also has a long association with a the Luisengymnasium Bergedorf School in Hamburg, Germany with regular exchanges of pupils for the past 22 years.
The Portcullis (now at edition 299) is published each June, containing a summary of the events and activities of each academic year, along with House Notes, Sporting Notes, Faculty Notes and Staff Notes. Previous copies of The Portcullis are on show in the School Archives above the Peter Goddard Room, while more recent copies can be viewed on the school website.
The Emanuel School Newsletter is published every Friday during term, providing notifications from the Headmaster and staff detailing events, results, lectures, sports reports, trips and providing a weekly communication to the school, students, parents, OEs and the outside world of what's going on. A previous popular termly publication The Wedge provided students' with a voice, publishing their academic work, art work and thoughts, as well as reviews on events and shows, advice and other details. A Leavers Book is published annually to celebrate the end of the Upper Sixth's time at Emanuel.
There have been several histories of the school published over the years, the most recent being a new publication entitled, An Illustrated History of Emanuel School, published in Easter 2008 to celebrate the school's 125th anniversary of moving to Wandsworth and the many changes from 1594 to 2008.
Emanuel as a filming location
Emanuel has been used as a filming location for both film and television. The school featured in the BBC TV series The Buddha of Suburbia, which starred Old Emanuel Naveen Andrews and was also used as a location for the film Slipstream, the BBC Screen One film Blore MP, starring Timothy West, the 1995 comedy Game On and in two episodes of the Granada series Jeeves and Wooster, starring Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie amongst others.
Boat Club Square
Boat Club Square is an internal quad within the main building, providing the main entrance to the School Library, and is also home to the school noticeboards. There are boards for Rowing, Music, Sport and Notices, as well as the House Noticeboards with details of upcoming events and results.
The Foundation's additional off-site playing fields and clubhouse in New Malden, on the A3. Blagdons is also the home of ESRFC and the Old Emanuel Association.
Junior, Half and Full Colours are the various school and House ties awarded for sporting and academic success.
Every pupil from Hill to Year 11 is issued with a personal Conduct Card which must be carried at all times whilst on site except whilst participating in sport. It contains details of a pupil's timetable, house, form and space for commendation and 'signatures' for misbehaviour or disorganisation amongst others. Conduct Cards of a different colour are issued each term and must be handed in for inspection when requested either by a member of staff or a Senior Prefect.
An exeat is the required note to take absence from school either for entire days, or parts of a day for appointments, interviews, open days and other fixtures. A note from parents must be sent to a pupil's Form Tutor who will then provide a written Exeat, which then has to be countersigned by their Head of Year and in the School Office when leaving and entering the premises.
Founder's Day is officially on 6 June and is a celebration of the founding of the school in 1594 by Lady Anne Dacre, under guidance from Elizabeth I. In recent years however the celebrations have moved to the Saturday before the last week of term, called Dacre Day.
The main assembly hall, situated between the main quadrangle and the playing fields. The Hampden Hall is fitted with a complete lighting and sound system. The theatre department owns over 100 lights which are used in all productions from the annual Sixth Form revue to the school musical.
A termly or, on occasion, half-termly address from the Headmaster to the school, usually featuring prize giving ceremonies and details of successes and upcoming events and changes to the school community.
A short piece of written work issued as a disciplinary measure, that is typically discarded as soon as it is completed.
The Lower School consists of the Hill Form (Year 6) First Form (Year 7) and Second Form (Year 8).
OE (Old Emanuel)
OEs are former pupils of the school.
Out of Bounds
Locations defined as being off limits to pupils.
Prefect's Duties can be assigned as a disciplinary measure for various minor misdemeanors.
The Second Master is the title given to the Deputy Headmaster.
A written disciplinary measure on a pupil's Conduct Card, given either by a teacher or a Senior Prefect. Also Known as 'sigies'. Signatures have distinct punishments depending on how many a specific pupil has warranted over the course of a term. Persistent offenders may be sent to see their Head of Year or Section. Signatures may be given for incorrect equipment, uniform or books or for minor incidents of disobedience. Consequences may include further detention.
The Upper School comprises the Third Form (Year 9), Fourth Form (Year 10) and Fifth Form (Year 11).
This is the final Chapel service for Upper Sixth leavers, held each May. In this service students will sing the anthem, Jerusalem. The Chaplain blesses all those leaving the school and hopes for prosperity for the future.
Old Emanuel Association
The Old Emanuel Association (OEA) was established in 1893, though other school societies had existed informally prior to its establishment. The rules of 1930, refer to it as being an association of ex-pupils and past and present members of staff and governors, "for the furtherance of personal friendship and for the maintenance of the spirit of loyalty to the School". The OEA has branches in North America and Australasia. Many OEs are also members of the East India Club alongside alumni of other public schools.
The Old Emanuel Rugby Football Club (OERFC) was founded in 1910 and is affiliated to the RFU. There has not been an OE Association Football Club, since the founding of the OERFC in 1910, following the historic switch from football to rugby in 1906. In February 2010, the OERFC was presented with a plaque at Twickenham stadium, before England's RBS 6 Nations match against Wales to commemorate the centenary of the club.
The Old Emanuel Cricket Club (OECC) was founded in 1926 and today is formed of OEs and external club members. Old Emanuel play in the Surrey Championship on Saturdays and the Fullers League on Sundays.
The OEA also maintains Emanuel's tradition as a shooting school, usually fielding a team at the Public Schools Veteran's event at Bisley each year.
Besides sports teams, the OEA has a number of societies, including the Luncheon Club and OE Lodge (No.5399) which meets at the City University Club. There is also the Curzon Club for members of Howe House, founded in 1918, and the only such House society not to have lapsed into history.
The two main gatherings of the Association are at the Annual Dinner, which is held in early Autumn, usually in St. James's or Mayfair and the other being Dacre Day, the ‘new’ name for Flannels Day or, more recently, Fete and Flannels Day.
Dacre Day, formerly known as Fete and Flannels Day, is the annual end of year celebration held each first weekend in July to commemorate the history of the school, as well as gather OEs, teachers, current students, parents and future parents together as a community. The day is also that of Speech Day and Prize Giving which takes place in the morning in a special marquee erected opposite the entrance of the main building. In the afternoon, the community comes together to celebrate the end of year with events, art exhibitions, live music, BBQs and sports matches. The event, held at the end of the Summer Term attracts over one thousand visitors annually.
Notable Old Emanuels
- "Emanuel School fees and charges". Emanuel School. Retrieved 2014-07-06.
- "Anne SACKVILLE (B. Dacre of the South)". Tudorplace.com.ar. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- "Daniel Defoe | Letter 5 (London), Part 3: The Court and Westminster". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
- Emanuel School Website
- Old Emanuels
- Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference
- Millbury Drawings & Prints