Emanuel Scrope Howe

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For his nephew, see Emanuel Howe, 2nd Viscount Howe.
Emanuel Scrope Howe
MP
Emanuel Scrope Howe.jpg
Member of Parliament
for Wigan
Personal details
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) Ruperta Howe
Children three sons and two daughters

Lieutenant-General Emanuel Scrope Howe (c. 1663 – 26 September 1709), of The Great Lodge, Alice Holt Forest,[1] Hampshire, was an English diplomat, army officer and Member of Parliament.

Life[edit]

He was the fourth son of John Grubham Howe of Langar in Nottinghamshire; his older brother, Scrope Howe, was a prominent Whig politician and was raised to the peerage as Viscount Howe in 1701. Howe was appointed a Groom of the Bedchamber in 1689 as reward for his support for William of Orange, and held the office throughout his reign. He was also given a commission in the 1st Foot Guards, and served in Flanders where he was wounded at the 1695 Siege of Namur. He purchased a colonelcy in 1695, and was Colonel of the 15th Regiment of Foot until his death. He was promoted to Brigadier-General in 1704, Major-General in 1707 and Lieutenant-General in the year of his death, 1709. He was First Commissioner of Prizes from 1703 to 1705, and envoy-extraordinary to the Elector of Hanover between 1705 and 1709, successfully overcoming the strained relations between the English and Hanoverian reigning families to keep Hanover in the Grand Alliance.

He entered Parliament in 1701 as member for Morpeth, elected as a placeman on the Earl of Carlisle's interest to support the Court Whigs, and subsequently (1705) also represented Wigan. He is recorded as only ever taking part in one debate.

Ranger of the Royal Forest of Alice Holt[edit]

He married Ruperta, the natural daughter of Prince Rupert of the Rhine, in 1695. They were jointly appointed "Rangers of Alice Holt Forest" from 1699 onwards, a grace-and-favour sinecure. They had three sons and two daughters. After Howe's death, Ruperta continued as "Ranger of The Holt" until 1740.

Scrope-Howe was not pleased when, having spent £1200 on repairs to the Great Lodge as requested by the King, William repeatedly refused to pay him.

He attempted some ambitious re-introductions in the Forest, including wild boar and - moving beyond simple re-introductions - even buffalo, but these succumbed to the poaching which was endemic in Alice Holt and neighbouring Woolmer Forest at the time. There is an oak tree, marked by a memorial stone planted in the 1960s near The Lodge which replaces an oak which Ruperta planted to the memory of her late father, Prince Rupert. The present Lodge building dates from the 1810s but stands on the site of the Great Lodge occupied by Emanuel and Ruperta.

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Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Richard Sandford, Bt
Sir Henry Belasyse
Member of Parliament for Morpeth
1701–1705
With: Sir John Delaval, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Sandford, Bt
Edmund Maine
Preceded by
Orlando Bridgeman
Sir Roger Bradshaigh, Bt
Member of Parliament for Wigan
1705–1707
With: Sir Roger Bradshaigh, Bt
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Wigan
1707–1709
With: Sir Roger Bradshaigh, Bt
Succeeded by
Henry Bradshaigh
Sir Roger Bradshaigh, Bt
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir James Leslie[disambiguation needed]
Colonel of Emanuel Howe's Regiment of Foot
1695–1709
Succeeded by
The Duke of Somerset