|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 4th district
March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883
|Preceded by||J. Warren Keifer|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Le Fevre|
|Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the Montgomery County district
January 3, 1876 – January 6, 1878
Serving with Thomas F. Thresher, George A. Grove
|Preceded by||Christian A. Coler, James F. Thompson|
|Succeeded by||Daniel Crossley, H. H. Hendricks, John O'Conner|
July 25, 1819|
Berks County, Pennsylvania
|Died||November 5, 1912
Emanuel Shultz was born in Berks County, Pennsylvania, the son of George and Mary (Vinyard) Shultz. He attended the public schools until he was eleven years old when his father died. He was compelled to leave school and depend on diligent self-study and was soon apprenticed to the trade of shoemaking. In 1838, he removed to Miamisburg, Ohio where he engaged five to fifteen journeymen to make boots and shoes.
Emanuel Shultz married Sarah Beck, of Miamisburg, on July 23, 1840. They had three daughters. Shultz was initiated a charter member of the Marion Lodge the Masons in 1844, a royal arch Mason and a Knight Templar. He was also a member of the Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias.
Around 1846, he became a trader in general produce, and became one of the largest and most successful commercial operators in the Miami Valley. One success built upon another and he soon was a leader in all the prominent enterprises of Miamisburg. Emanuel Shultz was also a leading tobacco leaf dealer since 1853, Montgomery and Butler Counties being major tobacco producing and manufacturing centers in Ohio and the United States throughout the last half of the 19th century. In 1865, he was one of the founders of the private bank of H. Groby & Co., and a principal in the Miami Valley Paper Company, which he organized in 1871.
Emanuel Shultz began his political affiliation with the Whigs, but since the formation of the Republican party was a steadfast Republican. He served in most of the local minor offices and then in 1859 as Montgomery County Commissioner until 1862.
In 1873, he was a delegate to the Ohio Constitutional Convention that revised the Ohio Constitution. The citizens, however, declined to adopt it in the subsequent referendum. In 1875, Shultz was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives, serving one term but was not a candidate for re-election. In 1878, he ran in Ohio's 3rd congressional district against Democrat John A. McMahon, but was defeated. In 1880 after redistricting, Emanuel Shultz again faced McMahon, but was narrowly elected to the Forty-seventh United States Congress from Ohio's 4th congressional district. In 1882, he was redistricted back into the third district and was narrowly defeated by Democrat Robert Maynard Murray.
Emanuel Shultz returned to Miamisburg and again engaged in paper manufacturing. In 1881, he was one of the organizers and stockholders of the Lima Car Works, which built railroad freight cars and was later a part of Lima Locomotive Works, and also served as Vice President of the company until he sold his interest about 1889. He was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison postmaster of Miamisburg in 1889, serving about five years.
Emanuel Shultz died at the age of 93 in Miamisburg; he was interred in Hill Grove Cemetery.
- Emanuel Shultz at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- History of Montgomery County, Ohio. Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1882.
- Conover, Frank, ed. Centennial Portrait and Biographical Record of The City of Dayton and of Montgomery County, Ohio. Logansport, Indiana: A. W. BOWEN & CO. From the Press of Wilson, Humphreys & Co., 1897
- History of the Republican Party in Ohio. Chicago: Lewis Publishing. Co., 1898, 1579 pgs.