Emanuel Snowman

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Wartski, Grafton Street, London

Emanuel Snowman OBE MVO (25 January 1886 – 27 February 1970)[1] was a British jeweller, local politician and Jewish community leader. He oversaw the opening of the London branch of the Llandudno jewellers Wartski, having married the daughter of its founder, Morris Wartski, and went on to become its chairman.

Early life[edit]

Emanuel Snowman was born in Hampstead, London, the son of Abraham Snowman (1849–1918), a picture dealer, and his wife Rachel, both of whom were born in Poland. His elder brother was the painter Isaac Snowman. As a teenager he acted as secretary to Israel Zangwill.[2] In 1898, he spent a year at the agricultural college at Mikve in Palestine[1] where he met Theodore Herzl.[2]

Career[edit]

In 1911, he managed the opening of the Regent Street, London, branch of his father-in-law's business, up until then only based in Llandudno, Wales.[1] Whilst under the management of Snowman, Wartski received several Royal warrants, and Queen Mary was a regular customer.[1]

Purchases from Russia[edit]

From 1925, Snowman made regular visits to Russia.[3] He often travelled with Armand Hammer and they both established good relations with the Soviet authorities, allowing Snowman to obtain many exceptional works of art, including nine Fabergé eggs, intended for resale in London, which he acquired between 1925 and 1938.[3][4] One of these was the Winter egg, which was the most expensive ever made, and which sold for a world record $9.6 million at Christie's in New York in 2002.[5][6] Snowman's visits to the country continued until 1939.[2]

The Tsarist government before the Russian Revolution had already tried to foster an interest in Russian decorative arts. After the Revolution, the new government faced a pressing need for hard currency and the sale of objects from the Church and the aristocracy was one way to raise funds quickly.[7]

There was some discomfort amongst Russian émigré circles in London about the purchase of items that had previously belonged to Russian aristocrats or the royal family as although property confiscated by the Soviets could be legally sold, as the Soviet Government was internationally recognised, some of the items were identifiably the personal property of living individuals or relatives of the recently deceased.[3]

In 1927, Snowman acquired about 80 items that had been sold in Paris by the Soviets. The Times commented pointedly that the "haul" could "be comfortably stowed away in a Gladstone bag" and that these were "things which the owners would have handled and treasured as personal belongings.[8]

Fabergé Easter eggs acquired by Emanuel Snowman[edit]

The Rosebud egg acquired by Snowman

Snowman acquired nine eggs:[3]

Jewish community leader[edit]

Snowman was diligent in his religious duties and was warden of the Hampstead Synagogue, and chairman of the West Hampstead Day School. He was an early supporter of the Habonim Jewish Socialist-Zionist cultural youth movement and provided help to refugees from Nazi Germany.[1] The Times said that "When many voices were silent ... he was an articulate and successful man of action and was directly responsible for the saving of many valuable lives."[2]

Honours[edit]

Snowman was active in local politics. He was an alderman and, at one time, was mayor of Hampstead.[4] In the 1957 Birthday Honours he was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE), "for public services in Hampstead". He became MVO in 1962.

Personal life[edit]

He married Harriet Wartski (1891–1985) in 1909, and their son Kenneth Snowman (1919–2002) in turn became chairman of Wartski, as has his son, Nicholas Snowman (born 1944). They also had a daughter, Flora Joyce Snowman, born in 1911.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Rubinstein, William D.; Jolles, Michael A.; Rubinstein, Hilary L. (2011). The Palgrave dictionary of Anglo-Jewish history. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 928. ISBN 978-1403939104. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Obituary: Emanuel Snowman Connoisseur of fine jewels" in The Times, 4 March 1970, p. 12.
  3. ^ a b c d "Tracing Fabergé treasures after 1918" by Alexander von Solodkoff in Géza von Habsburg and Marina Lopato. (1993) Fabergé: Imperial Jeweller. London: Thames & Hudson, pp. 152–159. ISBN 0500092397
  4. ^ a b Mullaly, Terence (1 August 2002). "Kenneth Snowman". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "1913 Winter Egg". Mieks. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Rothschilds' Faberge Egg Fetches Record $16.5 Million". Bloomberg. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Fabergé and America" by Paul Schaffer in Géza von Habsburg and Marina Lopato. (1993) Fabergé: Imperial Jeweller. London: Thames & Hudson, p. 161. ISBN 0500092397
  8. ^ "Russian Jewels. Royal Treasures Sold by Soviet" in The Times, 26 November 1927, p. 17.

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