Embassy Records

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Embassy Records
Founded 1954
Founder David Morris Levy and Jacques Levy
Country of origin United Kingdom
Location London, England

Embassy Records was originally a UK budget record label that produced cover versions of current hit songs that were sold exclusively in Woolworths shops at a lower price than the original recordings.[1] As such, Embassy can be seen as the UK equivalent of U.S. labels such as Hit and Bell Records. The label was the result of a contractual arrangement between Oriole Records and Woolworths, with Embassy's product being sold exclusively through the latter's stores from 1954 to 1965.[1] The label disappeared after the parent company, Oriole, was taken over by CBS Records.[1] Later, from 1970 through to 1980, CBS Records revived the Embassy imprint to release budget versions of albums in the UK and Europe by artists that were signed to its parent company, Columbia Records.[2]

History 1954-1965[edit]

The label's releases mostly consisted of double A-side singles that were cover versions of then-current or predicted UK Top 20 hits[1] and it was not unusual for different artists or contrasting pop styles to appear on either side of a record. Between November 1954 and January 1965 Embassy released around 1,200 songs recorded by about 150 different artists and these releases were sold for half the price of a major label release of the era.[3] Embassy's records were recorded at the Embassy Recording Studios in New Bond Street, Mayfair, and manufactured by Oriole Records, who also licensed the material to many foreign outlets.[1]

The tight Embassy recording schedule required four different songs to be recorded in one three-hour session.[3] Included in this standard three-hour session was the initial studio set-up time, before any actual songs were recorded, and a mandatory musicians' coffee break.[3] This meant that on average there was a little over 30 minutes allowed for the recording of an individual song, which in turn meant that the artists who did the actual singing had to be first-rate professional singers who could enter a studio and record a song in very few takes.[3] Therefore, these artists tended to be very experienced big band or session singers who would also regularly broadcast live on BBC radio.[4] Sometimes these musicians used their professional name when recording for Embassy but very often they used pseudonyms. The recording sessions usually took place on a Thursday, so that the cover version discs could be rushed out into the stores by the following Monday to compete with the real thing.[4] As well as releasing covers of current hit singles, Embassy Records also produced EPs of trad jazz, children’s songs, light classical music, and songs from musicals.[3]

The Embassy imprint disappeared after the parent label, Oriole, was taken over by CBS (Columbia in the U.S.), by which time the concept of budget cover version releases of current hit songs had been imitated by other labels such as Cannon, Crossbow, Top Six, and Top Pops.[3] CBS subsidiary Hallmark/Pickwick launched the Top of the Pops series of albums a few years after the demise of Embassy,[5] but unlike Embassy's releases, no artists were ever identified on the records.[6] It is now quite well known that Elton John recorded for the Top of The Pops series.[7]

The artists[edit]

The artist whose name appears on the greatest number of Embassy recordings is Paul Rich, a singer with the Lou Preager Orchestra, who recorded for Embassy between 1957 and 1965.[8] However, the artist who actually recorded the most songs for Embassy was Ray Pilgrim,[8] a singer and broadcaster with the Oscar Rabin Band who made over 200 radio broadcasts for the BBC. Between 1960 and 1965 he recorded almost 150 songs for the Embassy label[citation needed] using the pseudonyms Bobby Stevens, The Typhoons, The Jaybirds, and The Starlings.[9] Rikki Henderson, a singer with the Denny Boyce Orchestra,[8] was also in the top three artists in terms of the number of songs recorded for the label.[citation needed]

Mike Redway, who had also been a singer with the Oscar Rabin Band, recorded for Embassy under the pseudonym Redd Wayne, in addition to appearing on many of the Typhoons, Jaybirds and Starlings recordings for the label between 1962 and 1965.[8] Redway later sang the vocal version of the "Casino Royale Theme" over the closing credits of the 1967 Casino Royale film.[10] Ken Barrie, who later became the voice of Postman Pat, recorded for Embassy under the name of Les Carle.[3]

The girl singers who made the most recordings for the label were Jean Campbell, Joan Baxter, Maureen Evans and Barbara Kay, with all but the latter recording for Embassy under their own names.[11] Maureen Evans went on to have a hit for Oriole with "Like I Do" and Barbara Kay was one of the members of The Carefrees, who released the novelty record "We Love You Beatles" in 1964.[12] Barbara Kay, who was yet another singer who had previously been with the Oscar Rabin Band, was usually credited as Kay Barry on Embassy releases.[9]

Instrumental recordings would feature whatever session musicians were booked for that day, so the names used for the label, such as Bud Ashton, The Beatmen and The Happy Knights, did not imply any particular participants.[8] Similarly, the group names such as The Typhoons, The Jaybirds, and The Starlings did not imply any consistent membership and were generally made up of any musicians who were available on that particular day.[8] Additionally, backing vocals on many Embassy releases were provided by the Mike Sammes Singers but usually went uncredited.[13]

History 1970-1980[edit]

Following the purchase of Embassy's parent label, Oriole, by CBS Records in late 1964, the label was discontinued, with the final Embassy release of the 1960s being "Keep Searchin' (We'll Follow The Sun)" by Paul Rich and The Beatmen (b/w "The Special Years" by Burt Shane) in January 1965.[11] However, in 1970 CBS revived the Embassy imprint to release budget reissues of albums that had originally been released in the United States on Columbia Records (or its subsidiaries).[14] These latter-day Embassy LP releases were issued in the UK and Europe between 1970 and 1980,[2] although there are known to be Mexican Embassy releases from much later on in the 1980s.[15] Columbia artists who had their albums reissued on Embassy during the 1970s include Johnny Mathis, Andy Williams, Johnny Cash, Barbra Streisand, The Byrds, Tammy Wynette, Blood, Sweat & Tears, Spirit and Sly & the Family Stone.[16] CBS once again discontinued Embassy Records and ceased issuing albums in the UK and Europe on the imprint in 1980.[2]

Embassy Records should not be confused with the short-lived label of the same name that distributed recordings for the Warriors Dance record label during the 1990s. Neither should it be confused with the modern day independent record label Embassy Records, based in New Orleans. Likewise, there is no connection between the original Embassy Records and Embassy Productions, a heavy metal record label from the 1990s, or with the Avco Embassy record label that released records by The Chambers Brothers, The Stylistics and Henry Mancini (amongst others) in the 1960s and 1970s.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Embassy Records, Embassy Label Cover Versions from Woolies". embassyrecords.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  2. ^ a b c "Embassy Records". Rate Your Music. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "The Cranes Skiffle Group". St. Margarets Community Website. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  4. ^ a b "Authenticity.... A Tribute by Alex". embassyrecords.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  5. ^ "Top Of The Pops Vol. 1". Top Of The Pops: The definitive website. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  6. ^ "Top Of The Pops Vol. 1 review". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  7. ^ Joseph, Tim. (1994). Reg Dwight's Piano Goes Pop (1994 CD liner notes). 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Embassy Artistes". embassyrecords.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  9. ^ a b "The Real Names Of Embassy Artists". The Wonder of Embassy Records. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  10. ^ "Mike Redway". Radiocafe. Retrieved 2009-09-11. 
  11. ^ a b "Singles Discography for Embassy Records". Global Dog Productions. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  12. ^ Brown, Tony. (2000). The Complete Book of the British Charts. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-7670-8. 
  13. ^ "The Oriole Record Label". embassyrecords.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  14. ^ "Rare Record Labels". Vinyl Record Collector's Guide. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  15. ^ "International Album Releases: Highway 61 Revisited". Searching For A Gem: Bob Dylan's Officially Released Rarities and Obscurities. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 
  16. ^ "List of selected Embassy releases". Discogs. Retrieved 2009-09-03. 

External links[edit]