Embd

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Embd
Embd.jpg
Embd is located in Switzerland
Embd
Embd
Coordinates: 46°13′N 7°49′E / 46.217°N 7.817°E / 46.217; 7.817Coordinates: 46°13′N 7°49′E / 46.217°N 7.817°E / 46.217; 7.817
Country Switzerland
Canton Valais
District Visp
Government
 • Mayor Alex Bumann
Area[1]
 • Total 13.39 km2 (5.17 sq mi)
Elevation 1,356 m (4,449 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 311
 • Density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Postal code 3926
SFOS number 6283
Surrounded by Ergisch, Grächen, Oberems, Sankt Niklaus, Törbel, Unterbäch
Twin towns Ebikon (Switzerland)
Website www.embd.ch
SFSO statistics

Embd is a municipality in the district of Visp in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Embd is first mentioned in 1250 as Emeda. In 1330 it was mentioned as Embda and Emda.[3]

Geography[edit]

View of the Matter valley (Mattertal) from Embd on a cloudy day. The Ried glacier is visible on the left.

Embd has an area, as of 2011, of 13.4 square kilometers (5.2 sq mi). Of this area, 24.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 15.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and 58.7% is unproductive land.[4]

The municipality is located in the Visp district, on the steep, left side of the Nikolai valley. It consists of a number of scattered settlements including the hamlet of Flue (1,358 m [4,455 ft]), which serves as the central settlement, and Kalpetran (850 m [2,790 ft]) which includes a station of the Brig-Visp-Zermatt-Bahn.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent, issuant from Coupeaux Vert a Tower embattled Gules masoned, doored and windowed Sable, in chief two Keys of the last in saltire over a Latin Cross bottony Sable issuant from a Heart Gules.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Embd has a population (as of December 2013) of 311.[2] As of 2008, 0.3% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010 ) the population has changed at a rate of -13.6%. It has changed at a rate of -11.7% due to migration and at a rate of -0.5% due to births and deaths.[4]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (348 or 98.6%) as their first language, French is the second most common (2 or 0.6%) and Serbo-Croatian is the third (2 or 0.6%). There is 1 person who speaks Italian.[7]

As of 2008, the population was 49.8% male and 50.2% female. The population was made up of 161 Swiss men (49.5% of the population) and 1 (0.3%) non-Swiss men. There were 162 Swiss women (49.8%) and 1 (0.3%) non-Swiss women.[8] Of the population in the municipality, 279 or about 79.0% were born in Embd and lived there in 2000. There were 33 or 9.3% who were born in the same canton, while 24 or 6.8% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 10 or 2.8% were born outside of Switzerland.[7]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 23.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 58.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 18.1%.[4]

As of 2000, there were 146 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 194 married individuals, 13 widows or widowers and individuals who are divorced.[7]

As of 2000, there were 123 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.7 persons per household.[4] There were 26 households that consist of only one person and 9 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 118 apartments (65.9% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 37 apartments (20.7%) were seasonally occupied and 24 apartments (13.4%) were empty.[9] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 5.91%.[4]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][10]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 71.88% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (17.78%), the SP (4.53%) and the FDP (4.09%). In the federal election, a total of 137 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 51.5%.[11]

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 181 votes were cast, of which 11 or about 6.1% were invalid. The voter participation was 73.0%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 54.67%.[12] In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election election a total of 137 votes were cast, of which 2 or about 1.5% were invalid. The voter participation was 51.9%, which is much less than the cantonal average of 59.88%.[13]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Embd had an unemployment rate of 0.8%. As of 2008, there were 57 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 25 businesses involved in this sector. 7 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 2 businesses in this sector. 26 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 8 businesses in this sector.[4] There were 157 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 31.8% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 43. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 18, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 7, all of which were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 18. In the tertiary sector; 7 or 38.9% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 4 or 22.2% were in the movement and storage of goods, 1 was in a hotel or restaurant, 2 or 11.1% were the insurance or financial industry, 3 or 16.7% were in education.[14]

In 2000, there were 109 workers who commuted away from the municipality.[15] Of the working population, 15.3% used public transportation to get to work, and 63.1% used a private car.[4]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 326 or 92.4% were Roman Catholic, while 10 or 2.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 2 members of an Orthodox church (or about 0.57% of the population). 12 (or about 3.40% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 3 individuals (or about 0.85% of the population) did not answer the question.[7]

Education[edit]

In Embd about 138 or (39.1%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 9 or (2.5%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 9 who completed tertiary schooling, 88.9% were Swiss men, 11.1% were Swiss women.[7]

During the 2010-2011 school year there were a total of 31 students in the Embd school system. The education system in the Canton of Valais allows young children to attend one year of non-obligatory Kindergarten.[16] During that school year, there was one kindergarten class (KG1 or KG2) and 6 kindergarten students. The canton's school system requires students to attend six years of primary school. In Embd there were a total of 3 classes and 31 students in the primary school. The secondary school program consists of three lower, obligatory years of schooling (orientation classes), followed by three to five years of optional, advanced schools. All the lower and upper secondary students from Embd attend their school in a neighboring municipality.[17]

As of 2000, there were 11 students from Embd who attended schools outside the municipality.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Embd in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 29-September-2011
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 29-September-2011
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  8. ^ Ständige Wohnbevolkerung nach Geschlecht und Heimat am 31.12.2009.xls (German) (French) accessed 24 August 2011
  9. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  12. ^ Staatsratswahlen vom 1. März 2009 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  13. ^ Ständeratswahl 2007 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  15. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  16. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (Report). http://edudoc.ch/record/35128/files/Schulsystem_alle.pdf. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  17. ^ Obligatorische Schulzeit (German) accessed 24 August 2011

External links[edit]