|Traded as||BM&F Bovespa: EMBR3
|Headquarters||São José dos Campos, Brazil|
|Key people||Hermann Wever, (interim chairman)
Frederico Fleury Curado, (CEO)
|Products||Aircraft, aircraft components, mission systems for air and ground operation|
|Revenue||US$ 5.7 billion (2013)|
|Net income||US$ 329.1 million (2013)|
Embraer S.A. (Portuguese pronunciation: [ẽbɾaˈɛɾ]) is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, and executive aircraft and provides aeronautical services. The headquarters is in São José dos Campos, São Paulo State.
Embraer is a member of the Air Transport Action Group (ATAG). Its CEO, Frederico Curado, is the 2012 recipient of the Tony Jannus Award, given annually for distinguished contributions to commercial aviation. The company competes with Canadian rival Bombardier for the title of the third largest airplane maker after Airbus and Boeing.
- 1 History
- 2 Production bases and facilities
- 3 Aircraft products
- 4 Licensed-version aircraft
- 5 Commercial aircraft deliveries
- 6 Competition in the Regional jet market
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- 9 Further reading
Seeking a domestic aircraft manufacturer, the Brazilian government made several investments in this area during the 1940s and '50s, but it was not until 1969 that Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica (Embraer) was created as a government-owned corporation.
The Brazilian Government contributed to Embraer's early growth by providing license production contracts. The company increased its product line; it sold solely to the domestic market until 1975.
While military aircraft made up the majority of Embraer's products during the 1970s, by 1985 a regional airliner had debuted, the Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia. Aimed at the export market, this plane marked the first of Embraer's highly successful small airliners.
In 1974 the company started to produce Piper Aircraft light planes under license. Piper first put together knock-down kits in their US factory for Embraer to assemble and market in Brazil & Latin America. But by 1978 most of the parts and components were being sourced locally. Between 1974 and 2000 nearly 2500 license-built Pipers were produced by Embraer.
Born from a Brazilian government plan and having been state-run from the beginning, Embraer began a privatization process alongside many other state-controlled companies during the government of Fernando Henrique Cardoso.
Initial public offerings
In 2000, Embraer made simultaneous initial public offerings on the NYSE and BM&F Bovespa stock exchanges. As of 2008, its NYSE-traded shares were American Depositary Receipts representing 4 BM&F Bovespa shares.
As of 2008[update] ownership was: Bozano Group 11.10%, Previ (a Brazilian pension fund) 16.40%, Sistel 7.40%, Dassault Aviation 2.1%, EADS 2.1%, Thales 2.1%, Safran 1.1%, Government of Brazil 0.3%, the remainder being publicly traded.
Product line expansion: military, regional & executive
In the mid-1990s the company pursued a product line more focused on small commercial planes than the military aircraft that had previously made up the majority of its manufacturing. Larger regional airliners with 70-110 seats and smaller business jets soon followed. Today the company manufactures for both defense and commerce.
On April 19, 2007, Embraer announced it was considering the production of a twin-jet military transport, the Embraer KC-390. Work actually began in May 2009 with funding from the Brazilian Air Force. Correios, the Brazilian postal service, has shown interest in buying this aircraft, in lieu of using commercial freight service for mail transport. Using many of the technologies developed for the Embraer 190, the C-390 would carry up to 23 tons of cargo, and was aimed at replacing Cold War-era cargo aircraft.
Government subsidy controversy
Brazil and Canada engaged in an international, adjudicated trade dispute over government subsidies to domestic plane-makers in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The World Trade Organization decided Brazil ran an illegal subsidy program, Proex, benefiting its national aviation industry from at least 1999-2000, and that Canada illegally subsidized its indigenous regional airliner industry, comprising Bombardier Aerospace.
Production bases and facilities
The company's headquarters and a production base are in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil. It also has production bases in the State of São Paulo at Botucatu, Eugênio de Melo (a district of São José dos Campos) and Gavião Peixoto. It may have other production bases as well. The company has offices in Beijing, Fort Lauderdale (US), Paris, Singapore, and Washington DC (US).
Non-Brazilian main facilities
- Embraer Portugal/Europe (Évora, Portugal).
- EAMS - Embraer Aircraft Maintenance Services Inc. (Nashville, Tennessee USA) - maintenance services site.
- OGMA - Indústria Aeronáutica de Portugal (Alverca do Ribatejo, Portugal) - aircraft component maintenance, repair and manufacturing, plus aircraft maintenance services.
- Embraer Aircraft Holding, Inc. - Its US headquarters are near Fort Lauderdale, Florida in a facility founded in 1979. Its external relations office is in Washington, DC.
- Harbin Embraer (Harbin, China) - manufactures aircraft from the ERJ family for the Chinese market.
- Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante
- Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia
- Embraer/FMA CBA 123 Vector
- Embraer Regional Jet
- Embraer E-Jet family
- Embraer EMB 111 Bandeirulha, a special version designed for maritime patrol, used by the Brazilian Air Force
- Embraer EMB 312 Tucano
- Embraer EMB 314 Super Tucano
- AMX International AMX
- Embraer R-99
- Embraer 145 AEW&C
- Embraer 145 RS/AGS
- Embraer P-99
- Embraer KC-390
- Embraer Phenom 100
- Embraer Phenom 300
- Embraer Legacy 450
- Embraer Legacy 500
- Embraer Legacy 600
- Embraer Legacy 650
- Embraer Lineage 1000
In October 2010, Embraer suggested plans to develop very-long-range business jets, entering a sector currently dominated by Gulfstream, Bombardier, and Dassault. In October 2013 they unveiled the Lineage 1000E.
In May 2011, Embraer announced that it was considering building a larger airliner than the E-jets, with five-abreast seating, but eventually, choose to develop the second generation of its E-Jet family, as E-jets E2.
- Embraer Sêneca
- Embraer Corisco
- Embraer Carioca
- Embraer Minuano
- Embraer Navajo
- Embraer Sertanejo
- Embraer Tupi
Commercial aircraft deliveries
|Number Of Deliveries||4||32||60||96||160||161||131||101||148||141||130||169||204||244||246||204||205||209|
The numbers include military versions of commercial aircraft.
Total delivered-backlog-options as of June 30, 2007: 862-53-131 145 Family, 256-399-719 170/190 Family
Competition in the Regional jet market
|World Airliners Regionals 2009 ||World Airliners Regionals 2010 ||World Airliners Regionals 2011 ||World Airliners Regionals 2012 |
|World Airliners Regionals 2013 |
- "Botelho resigns as chairman of Embraer". Flightglobal. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Embraer on the Forbes Global 2000 List". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
- Press Room: Embraer in Numbers embraer.com (Official Site)
- The Company: Business embraer.com (Official Site)
- Corporate governance, p. 357 Robert A. G. Monks, Nell Minow. John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
- Timeline Embraer Historical Center (Official site)
- "IR Contact." Embraer. Retrieved on March 18, 2014. "Address: Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima, 2170. Putim. São José dos Campos - SP. CEP 12.227-901. Brasil."
- Gadsen, Sandra J. (March 15, 2012). "Frederico Curado of Embraer named Jannus Award winner". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
- OECD Territorial Reviews Madrid, Spain. p. 157/264 OECD Publishing. 2007.
- Rishikesha T. Krishnan. "Where core competence soars". Businessline. Chennai: October 1, 2003. p. 1
- Embraer history Embraer Historical Center (Official site)
- The Embraer EMB120 Brasilia airliners.net
- Aircraft History: EMB 710 Carioca Embraer History Center
- Brazil on Road Peddling State-Owned Enterprises; [FINAL Edition] John Eckhouse, Chronicle Staff Writer. San Francisco Chronicle (pre-1997 Fulltext). San Francisco, Calif.: January 12, 1991. pg. B.1
- Scielo: Os efeitos da privatização sobre o desempenho econômico e financeiro das empresas privatizadas (Portuguese)
- Corporate governance, pg. 356/651 Robert A. G. Monks, Nell Minow. John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
- Corporate governance, p. 358 Robert A. G. Monks, Nell Minow. John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
- Corporate governance, p. 359 Robert A. G. Monks, Nell Minow. John Wiley and Sons. 2008.
- "Portugal interested in Brazilian military cargo plane". BBC Monitoring European, February 1, 2010.
- Costa confirma projeto dos Correios com cargueiro C-390. Monitor Mercantil, August 28, 2007. Retrieved on October 15, 2007.
- Brazilian postal service may order Embraer C-390 freighters. Flightglobal.com. September 4, 2007. Retrieved on October 15, 2007.
- "Embraer Defense Systems". Embraer Defense Systems. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
- EMBRAER HAS MILITARY TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT UNDER STUDY
- Argentina to buy 6 military transport jets from Brazil's Embraer; BRAZIL-ARGENTINA/AIRCRAFT EFE News Service. Madrid: October 30, 2010.
- "Defense Watch". Defense Daily. Potomac: September 7, 2010. Vol. 247, Iss. 47
- "Global presence". Embraer. 2012. Retrieved 24 Dec 2013.
- "Facilities." Embraer. Retrieved on September 11, 2-12. "Embraer Aircraft Holding, Inc. 276 S.W. 34th Street Fort Lauderdale, FL 33315 U.S.A." and "Embraer Aircraft Holding, Inc. 1700 Pennsylvania Ave. NW Suite 200 U.S.A. Washington, DC 20008"
- Aviation Week & Space Technology: 60. 14 October 2013.
- Embraer mulls over new types flightglobal.com, 21/10/10
- "Embraer Executive Jets Introduces the Lineage 1000E". Embraer News. Embraer SA. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- "CORRECTION: Embraer eyes possible "five-abreast aircraft"". 2011-05-06. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
- Embraer Launches "E2", the Second Generation of E-Jets at aviationpros.com
- "Embraer Closes Out 2010 With 246 Jets Delivered | PRNewswire". TradersHuddle.com. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
- "EMBRAER DELIVERS 105 COMMERCIAL AND 99 EXECUTIVE JETS IN 2011"
- Embraer Delivers 106 Commercial and 99 Executive Jets In 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Embraer.|
- Embraer history
- Centro Histórico da Embraer (Historic Centre of Embraer) (Portuguese)
- História das aeronaves (History of aircraft) (Portuguese)
- Embraer history on Jetsite.com.br (Portuguese)
- Pictures of the Embraer fleet (English)
- Brazil’s A&D Industry Centers Around Embraer April 23, 2012